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9 definitions found
 for ruff
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruff \Ruff\ (r[u^]f), n. [F. ronfle; cf. It. ronfa, Pg. rufa,
     rifa.] (Card Playing)
     (a) A game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
         --Nares.
     (b) The act of trumping, especially when one has no card of
         the suit led.
         [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruff \Ruff\, v. i. & t. (Card Playing)
     To trump.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruff \Ruff\, n. [Of uncertain origin: cf. Icel. r[=u]finn rough,
     uncombed, Pr. ruf rude, rough, Sp. rufo frizzed, crisp,
     curled, G. raufen to pluck, fight, rupfen to pluck, pull, E.
     rough. [root]18. Cf. Ruffle to wrinkle.]
     1. A muslin or linen collar plaited, crimped, or fluted, worn
        formerly by both sexes, now only by women and children.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Here to-morrow with his best ruff on. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              His gravity is much lessened since the late
              proclamation came out against ruffs; . . . they were
              come to that height of excess herein, that twenty
              shillings were used to be paid for starching of a
              ruff.                                 --Howell.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Something formed with plaits or flutings, like the collar
        of this name.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I reared this flower; . . .
              Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread. --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              How many princes . . . in the ruff of all their
              glory, have been taken down from the head of a
              conquering army to the wheel of the victor's
              chariot!                              --L'Estrange.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To ruffle it out in a riotous ruff.   --Latimer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Mil.) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a
        roll; a ruffle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Mach.) A collar on a shaft ot other piece to prevent
        endwise motion. See Illust. of Collar.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Zool.) A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers
        round, or on, the neck of a bird.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Zool.)
        (a) A limicoline bird of Europe and Asia ({Pavoncella
            pugnax, syn. Philomachus pugnax) allied to the
            sandpipers. The males during the breeding season have
            a large ruff of erectile feathers, variable in their
            colors, on the neck, and yellowish naked tubercles on
            the face. They are polygamous, and are noted for their
            pugnacity in the breeding season. The female is called
            reeve, or rheeve.
        (b) A variety of the domestic pigeon, having a ruff of its
            neck.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruff \Ruff\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ruffed; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Ruffing.]
     1. To ruffle; to disorder. --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mil.) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Hawking) To hit, as the prey, without fixing it.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Card Playing) To play a trump card at bridge; as, he
        ruffed his partner's ace.
        [PJC] Ruff

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruff \Ruff\, Ruffe \Ruffe\, n. [OE. ruffe.] (Zool.)
     A small freshwater European perch ({Acerina vulgaris); --
     called also pope, blacktail, and stone perch, or
     striped perch.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ruffle \Ruf"fle\, n. [See Ruffle, v. t. & i.]
     1. That which is ruffled; specifically, a strip of lace,
        cambric, or other fine cloth, plaited or gathered on one
        edge or in the middle, and used as a trimming; a frill.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A state of being ruffled or disturbed; disturbance;
        agitation; commotion; as, to put the mind in a ruffle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Mil.) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a
        roll; -- called also ruff. --H. L. Scott.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Zool.) The connected series of large egg capsules, or
        oothecae, of any one of several species of American marine
        gastropods of the genus Fulgur. See Ootheca.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Ruffle of a boot, the top turned down, and scalloped or
        plaited. --Halliwell.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Trump \Trump\, n. [A corruption of triumph, F. triomphe. See
     Triumph, and cf. Trump a trumpet.]
     1. A winning card; one of a particular suit (usually
        determined by chance for each deal) any card of which
        takes any card of the other suits.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. An old game with cards, nearly the same as whist; --
        called also ruff. --Decker.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A good fellow; an excellent person. [Slang]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Alfred is a trump, I think you say.   --Thackeray.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     To put to one's trumps, or To put on one's trumps, to
        force to the last expedient, or to the utmost exertion.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              But when kings come so low as to fawn upon
              philosophy, which before they neither valued nor
              understood, it is a sign that fails not, they are
              then put to their last trump.         --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Put the housekeeper to her trumps to accommodate
              them.                                 --W. Irving.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  ruff
      n 1: an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about
           the neck of a bird or other animal [syn: frill, ruff]
      2: a high tight collar [syn: choker, ruff, ruffle, neck
         ruff]
      3: common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff
         in breeding season [syn: ruff, Philomachus pugnax]
      4: (card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when
         unable to follow suit [syn: ruff, trumping]
      v 1: play a trump [syn: trump, ruff]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  94 Moby Thesaurus words for "ruff":
     ace, barrage, beat, beating, best bower, bower, cards, clubs,
     crease, crimp, crisp, deck, deuce, diamonds, dog-ear, double,
     double over, drum, drum music, drumbeat, drumfire, drumming, dummy,
     enfold, face cards, flounce, flush, flute, flutter, fold,
     fold over, frill, full house, gather, hand, hearts, infold,
     interfold, jack, joker, king, knave, lap over, left bower, pack,
     pair, palpitation, paradiddle, patter, picture cards, pitapat,
     pitter-patter, plait, plat, playing cards, pleat, plicate, ply,
     pound, pounding, pulsation, queen, quill, rat-a-tat, rat-tat,
     rat-tat-tat, rataplan, rattattoo, roll, round, royal flush,
     rub-a-dub, rubber, ruffle, singleton, spades, spatter, splutter,
     sputter, staccato, straight, tat-tat, tattoo, throb, throbbing,
     thrum, thumping, tom-tom, trey, trick, trump, tuck, turn over,
     twill
  
  

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