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 for regular expression
From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  regular expression
     1.  (regexp, RE) One of the wild
     card patterns used by Perl and other languages, following
     Unix utilities such as grep, sed, and awk and editors
     such as vi and Emacs.  Regular expressions use conventions
     similar to but more elaborate than those described under
     glob.  A regular expression is a sequence of characters with
     the following meanings (in Perl, other flavours vary):
     An ordinary character (not one of the special characters
     discussed below) matches that character.
     A backslash (\) followed by any special character matches the
     special character itself.  The special characters are:
     "." matches any character except newline; "RE*" (where RE is any
     regular expression and the "*" is called the "{Kleene star")
     matches zero or more occurrences of RE.  If there is any choice,
     the longest leftmost matching string is chosen.
     "^" at the beginning of an RE matches the start of a line and
     "$" at the end of an RE matches the end of a line.
     [CHARS] matches any one of the characters in CHARS.  If the
     first character of the string is a "^" it matches any
     character except the remaining characters in the string (and
     also usually excluding newline).  "-" may be used to indicate
     a range of consecutive ASCII characters.
     (RE) matches whatever RE matches and \N, where N is a digit,
     matches whatever was matched by the RE between the Nth "(" and
     its corresponding ")" earlier in the same RE.  Many flavours
     use \(RE\) instead of just (RE).
     The concatenation of REs is a RE that matches the
     concatenation of the strings matched by each RE.  RE1 | RE2
     matches whatever RE1 or RE2 matches.
     \< matches the beginning of a word and \> matches the end of a
     word.  Many flavours use "\b" instead as the special character
     for "word boundary".
     RE\{M\ matches M occurences of RE.  RE\{M,\} matches M or more
     occurences of RE.  RE\{M,N\ matches between M and N occurences.
     Other flavours use RE\\{M\\ etc.
     Perl provides several "quote-like" operators for writing
     REs, including the common // form and less common ??.
     A comprehensive survey of regexp flavours is found in Friedl
     1997 (see below).
     [Jeffrey E.F. Friedl, "{Mastering Regular Expressions
     O'Reilly, 1997].
     2. Any description of a pattern composed from combinations
     of symbols and the three operators:
     Concatenation - pattern A concatenated with B matches a match
     for A followed by a match for B.
     Or - pattern A-or-B matches either a match for A or a match
     for B.
     Closure - zero or more matches for a pattern.
     The earliest form of regular expressions (and the term itself)
     were invented by mathematician Stephen Cole Kleene in the
     mid-1950s, as a notation to easily manipulate "regular sets",
     formal descriptions of the behaviour of finite state
     machines, in regular algebra.
     [S.C. Kleene, "Representation of events in nerve nets and
     finite automata", 1956, Automata Studies. Princeton].
     [J.H. Conway, "Regular algebra and finite machines", 1971, Eds
     Chapman & Hall].
     [Sedgewick, "Algorithms in C", page 294].

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