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3 definitions found
 for purple martin
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Purple \Pur"ple\, a.
     1. Exhibiting or possessing the color called purple, much
        esteemed for its richness and beauty; of a deep red, or
        red and blue color; as, a purple robe.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Imperial; regal; -- so called from the color having been
        an emblem of imperial authority.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Hide in the dust thy purple pride.    --Shelley.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Blood-red; bloody.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              May such purple tears be alway shed.  --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I view a field of blood,
              And Tiber rolling with a purple blood. --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Purple bird (Zool.), the European purple gallinule. See
        under Gallinule.
  
     Purple copper ore. (Min.) See Bornite.
  
     Purple grackle (Zool.), the crow blackbird. See under
        Crow.
  
     Purple martin. See under Martin.
  
     Purple sandpiper. See under Sandpiper.
  
     Purple shell. See Ianthina.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Martin \Mar"tin\, n. [F. martin, from the proper name Martin.
     Cf. Martlet.] (Zool.)
     One of several species of swallows, usually having the tail
     less deeply forked than the tail of the common swallows.
     [Written also marten.]
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The American purple martin, or bee martin ({Progne
           subis or Progne purpurea), and the European house
           martin, or window martin ({Hirundo urbica} or
           Chelidon urbica), are the best known species.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Bank martin.
     (a) The bank swallow. See under Bank.
     (b) The fairy martin. See under Fairy.
  
     Bee martin.
     (a) The purple martin.
     (b) The kingbird.
  
     Sand martin, the bank swallow.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  purple martin
      n 1: large North American martin of which the male is blue-black
           [syn: purple martin, Progne subis]

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