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2 definitions found
 for petroleum spirit
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Petroleum \Pe*tro"le*um\ (p[-e]*tr[=o]"l[-e]*[u^]m), n. [NL.,
     fr. L. petra a rock + oleum oil: cf. F. p['e]trole. Cf.
     Petrify, and Oil.]
     Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or
     greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists
     in the upper strata of the earth, from whence it is pumped,
     or forced by pressure of the gas attending it. It consists of
     a complex mixture of various hydrocarbons, largely of the
     methane series, but may vary much in appearance, composition,
     and properties. It is refined by distillation, and the
     products include kerosene, benzine, gasoline, paraffin, etc.
     [1913 Webster]
     Petroleum spirit, a volatile liquid obtained in the
        distillation of crude petroleum at a temperature of
        170[deg] Fahr., or below. The term is rather loosely
        applied to a considerable range of products, including
        benzine and ligroin. The terms petroleum ether, and
        naphtha, are sometimes applied to the still more volatile
        products, including rhigolene, gasoline, cymogene, etc.
        [1913 Webster] Petroleur

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Benzine \Ben"zine\, n. [From Benzoin.] (Chem.)
     1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more
        volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used
        as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called
        also petroleum spirit, petroleum benzine. Varieties or
        similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene,
        ligroin, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Same as Benzene. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: The hydrocarbons of benzine proper are essentially of
           the marsh gas (paraffin) series, while benzene proper
           is the typical hydrocarbon of the aromatic series.
           [1913 Webster]

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