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6 definitions found
 for peter
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Peter \Pe"ter\ (p[=e]"t[~e]r), prop. n.
     A common baptismal name for a man. The name of one of the
     twelve apostles of Christ.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Peter boat, a fishing boat, sharp at both ends, originally
        of the Baltic Sea, but now common in certain English
        rivers.
  
     Peter Funk, the auctioneer in a mock auction. [Cant, U.S.]
        
  
     Peter pence, or Peter's pence.
     (a) An annual tax or tribute, formerly paid by the English
         people to the pope, being a penny for every house,
         payable on Lammas or St. Peter's day; -- called also
         Rome scot, and hearth money.
     (b) In modern times, a voluntary contribution made by Roman
         Catholics to the private purse of the pope.
  
     Peter's fish (Zool.), a haddock; -- so called because the
        black spots, one on each side, behind the gills, are
        traditionally said to have been caused by the fingers of
        St. Peter, when he caught the fish to pay the tribute. The
        name is applied, also, to other fishes having similar
        spots.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Peter \Pet"er\ (p[=e]"t[~e]r), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Petered
     (p[=e]"t[~e]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Petering.] [Etymol.
     uncertain.]
     To become depleted; to run out; to fail; -- used generally
     with out; as, that mine has petered out. [Slang, U.S.]
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Peter
      n 1: disciple of Jesus and leader of the Apostles; regarded by
           Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth and first Pope
           [syn: Peter, Simon Peter, Saint Peter, St. Peter,
           Saint Peter the Apostle, St. Peter the Apostle]
      2: obscene terms for penis [syn: cock, prick, dick,
         shaft, pecker, peter, tool, putz]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Peter
     originally called Simon (=Simeon ,i.e., "hearing"), a very
     common Jewish name in the New Testament. He was the son of Jona
     (Matt. 16:17). His mother is nowhere named in Scripture. He had
     a younger brother called Andrew, who first brought him to Jesus
     (John 1:40-42). His native town was Bethsaida, on the western
     coast of the Sea of Galilee, to which also Philip belonged. Here
     he was brought up by the shores of the Sea of Galilee, and was
     trained to the occupation of a fisher. His father had probably
     died while he was still young, and he and his brother were
     brought up under the care of Zebedee and his wife Salome (Matt.
     27:56; Mark 15:40; 16:1). There the four youths, Simon, Andrew,
     James, and John, spent their boyhood and early manhood in
     constant fellowship. Simon and his brother doubtless enjoyed all
     the advantages of a religious training, and were early
     instructed in an acquaintance with the Scriptures and with the
     great prophecies regarding the coming of the Messiah. They did
     not probably enjoy, however, any special training in the study
     of the law under any of the rabbis. When Peter appeared before
     the Sanhedrin, he looked like an "unlearned man" (Acts 4:13).
     
       "Simon was a Galilean, and he was that out and out...The
     Galileans had a marked character of their own. They had a
     reputation for an independence and energy which often ran out
     into turbulence. They were at the same time of a franker and
     more transparent disposition than their brethren in the south.
     In all these respects, in bluntness, impetuosity, headiness, and
     simplicity, Simon was a genuine Galilean. They spoke a peculiar
     dialect. They had a difficulty with the guttural sounds and some
     others, and their pronunciation was reckoned harsh in Judea. The
     Galilean accent stuck to Simon all through his career. It
     betrayed him as a follower of Christ when he stood within the
     judgment-hall (Mark 14:70). It betrayed his own nationality and
     that of those conjoined with him on the day of Pentecost (Acts
     2:7)." It would seem that Simon was married before he became an
     apostle. His wife's mother is referred to (Matt. 8:14; Mark
     1:30; Luke 4:38). He was in all probability accompanied by his
     wife on his missionary journeys (1 Cor. 9:5; comp. 1 Pet. 5:13).
     
       He appears to have been settled at Capernaum when Christ
     entered on his public ministry, and may have reached beyond the
     age of thirty. His house was large enough to give a home to his
     brother Andrew, his wife's mother, and also to Christ, who seems
     to have lived with him (Mark 1:29, 36; 2:1), as well as to his
     own family. It was apparently two stories high (2:4).
     
       At Bethabara (R.V., John 1:28, "Bethany"), beyond Jordan, John
     the Baptist had borne testimony concerning Jesus as the "Lamb of
     God" (John 1:29-36). Andrew and John hearing it, followed Jesus,
     and abode with him where he was. They were convinced, by his
     gracious words and by the authority with which he spoke, that he
     was the Messiah (Luke 4:22; Matt. 7:29); and Andrew went forth
     and found Simon and brought him to Jesus (John 1:41).
     
       Jesus at once recognized Simon, and declared that hereafter he
     would be called Cephas, an Aramaic name corresponding to the
     Greek Petros, which means "a mass of rock detached from the
     living rock." The Aramaic name does not occur again, but the
     name Peter gradually displaces the old name Simon, though our
     Lord himself always uses the name Simon when addressing him
     (Matt. 17:25; Mark 14:37; Luke 22:31, comp. 21:15-17). We are
     not told what impression the first interview with Jesus produced
     on the mind of Simon. When we next meet him it is by the Sea of
     Galilee (Matt. 4:18-22). There the four (Simon and Andrew, James
     and John) had had an unsuccessful night's fishing. Jesus
     appeared suddenly, and entering into Simon's boat, bade him
     launch forth and let down the nets. He did so, and enclosed a
     great multitude of fishes. This was plainly a miracle wrought
     before Simon's eyes. The awe-stricken disciple cast himself at
     the feet of Jesus, crying, "Depart from me; for I am a sinful
     man, O Lord" (Luke 5:8). Jesus addressed him with the assuring
     words, "Fear not," and announced to him his life's work. Simon
     responded at once to the call to become a disciple, and after
     this we find him in constant attendance on our Lord.
     
       He is next called into the rank of the apostleship, and
     becomes a "fisher of men" (Matt. 4:19) in the stormy seas of the
     world of human life (Matt. 10:2-4; Mark 3:13-19; Luke 6:13-16),
     and takes a more and more prominent part in all the leading
     events of our Lord's life. It is he who utters that notable
     profession of faith at Capernaum (John 6:66-69), and again at
     Caesarea Philippi (Matt. 16:13-20; Mark 8:27-30; Luke 9:18-20).
     This profession at Caesarea was one of supreme importance, and
     our Lord in response used these memorable words: "Thou art
     Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church."
     
       "From that time forth" Jesus began to speak of his sufferings.
     For this Peter rebuked him. But our Lord in return rebuked
     Peter, speaking to him in sterner words than he ever used to any
     other of his disciples (Matt. 16:21-23; Mark 8:31-33). At the
     close of his brief sojourn at Caesarea our Lord took Peter and
     James and John with him into "an high mountain apart," and was
     transfigured before them. Peter on that occasion, under the
     impression the scene produced on his mind, exclaimed, "Lord, it
     is good for us to be here: let us make three tabernacles" (Matt.
     17:1-9).
     
       On his return to Capernaum the collectors of the temple tax (a
     didrachma, half a sacred shekel), which every Israelite of
     twenty years old and upwards had to pay (Ex. 30:15), came to
     Peter and reminded him that Jesus had not paid it (Matt.
     17:24-27). Our Lord instructed Peter to go and catch a fish in
     the lake and take from its mouth the exact amount needed for the
     tax, viz., a stater, or two half-shekels. "That take," said our
     Lord, "and give unto them for me and thee."
     
       As the end was drawing nigh, our Lord sent Peter and John
     (Luke 22:7-13) into the city to prepare a place where he should
     keep the feast with his disciples. There he was forewarned of
     the fearful sin into which he afterwards fell (22:31-34). He
     accompanied our Lord from the guest-chamber to the garden of
     Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46), which he and the other two who had
     been witnesses of the transfiguration were permitted to enter
     with our Lord, while the rest were left without. Here he passed
     through a strange experience. Under a sudden impulse he cut off
     the ear of Malchus (47-51), one of the band that had come forth
     to take Jesus. Then follow the scenes of the judgment-hall
     (54-61) and his bitter grief (62).
     
       He is found in John's company early on the morning of the
     resurrection. He boldly entered into the empty grave (John
     20:1-10), and saw the "linen clothes laid by themselves" (Luke
     24:9-12). To him, the first of the apostles, our risen Lord
     revealed himself, thus conferring on him a signal honour, and
     showing how fully he was restored to his favour (Luke 24:34; 1
     Cor. 15:5). We next read of our Lord's singular interview with
     Peter on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, where he thrice asked
     him, "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?" (John 21:1-19). (See LOVE.)
     
       After this scene at the lake we hear nothing of Peter till he
     again appears with the others at the ascension (Acts 1:15-26).
     It was he who proposed that the vacancy caused by the apostasy
     of Judas should be filled up. He is prominent on the day of
     Pentecost (2:14-40). The events of that day "completed the
     change in Peter himself which the painful discipline of his fall
     and all the lengthened process of previous training had been
     slowly making. He is now no more the unreliable, changeful,
     self-confident man, ever swaying between rash courage and weak
     timidity, but the stead-fast, trusted guide and director of the
     fellowship of believers, the intrepid preacher of Christ in
     Jerusalem and abroad. And now that he is become Cephas indeed,
     we hear almost nothing of the name Simon (only in Acts 10:5, 32;
     15:14), and he is known to us finally as Peter."
     
       After the miracle at the temple gate (Acts 3) persecution
     arose against the Christians, and Peter was cast into prison. He
     boldly defended himself and his companions at the bar of the
     council (4:19, 20). A fresh outburst of violence against the
     Christians (5:17-21) led to the whole body of the apostles being
     cast into prison; but during the night they were wonderfully
     delivered, and were found in the morning teaching in the temple.
     A second time Peter defended them before the council (Acts
     5:29-32), who, "when they had called the apostles and beaten
     them, let them go."
     
       The time had come for Peter to leave Jerusalem. After
     labouring for some time in Samaria, he returned to Jerusalem,
     and reported to the church there the results of his work (Acts
     8:14-25). Here he remained for a period, during which he met
     Paul for the first time since his conversion (9:26-30; Gal.
     1:18). Leaving Jerusalem again, he went forth on a missionary
     journey to Lydda and Joppa (Acts 9:32-43). He is next called on
     to open the door of the Christian church to the Gentiles by the
     admission of Cornelius of Caesarea (ch. 10).
     
       After remaining for some time at Caesarea, he returned to
     Jerusalem (Acts 11:1-18), where he defended his conduct with
     reference to the Gentiles. Next we hear of his being cast into
     prison by Herod Agrippa (12:1-19); but in the night an angel of
     the Lord opened the prison gates, and he went forth and found
     refuge in the house of Mary.
     
       He took part in the deliberations of the council in Jerusalem
     (Acts 15:1-31; Gal. 2:1-10) regarding the relation of the
     Gentiles to the church. This subject had awakened new interest
     at Antioch, and for its settlement was referred to the council
     of the apostles and elders at Jerusalem. Here Paul and Peter met
     again.
     
       We have no further mention of Peter in the Acts of the
     Apostles. He seems to have gone down to Antioch after the
     council at Jerusalem, and there to have been guilty of
     dissembling, for which he was severely reprimanded by Paul (Gal.
     2:11-16), who "rebuked him to his face."
     
       After this he appears to have carried the gospel to the east,
     and to have laboured for a while at Babylon, on the Euphrates (1
     Pet. 5:13). There is no satisfactory evidence that he was ever
     at Rome. Where or when he died is not certainly known. Probably
     he died between A.D. 64 and 67.
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  Peter, a rock or stone
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Peter, UT -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Utah
     Population (2000):    230
     Housing Units (2000): 71
     Land area (2000):     21.553322 sq. miles (55.822846 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.861275 sq. miles (2.230691 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    22.414597 sq. miles (58.053537 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            59555
     Located within:       Utah (UT), FIPS 49
     Location:             41.760838 N, 111.984191 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Peter, UT
      Peter
  

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