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 for pattern chain
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pattern \Pat"tern\, n. [OE. patron, F. patron, a patron, also, a
     pattern. See Patron.]
     1. Anything proposed for imitation; an archetype; an
        exemplar; that which is to be, or is worthy to be, copied
        or imitated; as, a pattern of a machine.
        [1913 Webster]
              I will be the pattern of all patience. --Shak.
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     2. A part showing the figure or quality of the whole; a
        specimen; a sample; an example; an instance.
        [1913 Webster]
              He compares the pattern with the whole piece.
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     3. Stuff sufficient for a garment; as, a dress pattern.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. Figure or style of decoration; design; as, wall paper of a
        beautiful pattern.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. Something made after a model; a copy. --Shak.
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              The patterns of things in the heavens. --Heb. ix.
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     6. Anything cut or formed to serve as a guide to cutting or
        forming objects; as, a dressmaker's pattern.
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     7. (Founding) A full-sized model around which a mold of sand
        is made, to receive the melted metal. It is usually made
        of wood and in several parts, so as to be removed from the
        mold without injuring it.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. a recognizable characteristic relationship or set of
        relationships between the members of any set of objects or
        actions, or the properties of the members; also, the set
        having a definable relationship between its members.
     Note: Various collections of objects or markings are spoken
           of as a pattern. Thus: the distribution of bomb or
           shell impacts on a target area, or of bullet holes in a
           target; a set of traits or actions that appear to be
           consistent throughout the members of a group or over
           time within a group, as behavioral pattern, traffic
           pattern, dress pattern; the wave pattern for a spoken
           word; the pattern of intensities in a spectrum; a
           grammatical pattern.
     9. (Gun.) A diagram showing the distribution of the pellets
        of a shotgun on a vertical target perpendicular to the
        plane of fire.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
     10. the recommended flight path for an airplane to follow as
         it approaches an airport for a landing. Same as landing
     11. an image or diagram containing lines, usually horizontal,
         vertical, and diagonal, sometimes of varying widths, used
         to test the resolution of an optical instrument or the
         accuracy of reproduction of image copying or transmission
         equipment. Same as test pattern.
     pattern box, pattern chain, or pattern cylinder (Figure
        Weaving), devices, in a loom, for presenting several
        shuttles to the picker in the proper succession for
        forming the figure.
     Pattern card.
         (a) A set of samples on a card.
         (b) (Weaving) One of the perforated cards in a Jacquard
     Pattern reader, one who arranges textile patterns.
     Pattern wheel (Horology), a count-wheel.
        [1913 Webster]

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