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5 definitions found
 for longitude
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Longitude \Lon"gi*tude\, n. [F., fr. L. longitudo, fr. longus
     1. Length; measure or distance along the longest line; --
        distinguished from breadth or thickness; as, the
        longitude of a room; rare now, except in a humorous sense.
        --Sir H. Wotton.
        [1913 Webster]
              The longitude of their cloaks.        --Sir. W.
        [1913 Webster]
              Mine [shadow] spindling into longitude immense.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. (Geog.) The arc or portion of the equator intersected
        between the meridian of a given place and the meridian of
        some other place from which longitude is reckoned, as from
        Greenwich, England, or sometimes from the capital of a
        country, as from Washington or Paris. The longitude of a
        place is expressed either in degrees or in time; as, that
        of New York is 74[deg] or 4 h. 56 min. west of Greenwich.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Astron.) The distance in degrees, reckoned from the
        vernal equinox, on the ecliptic, to a circle at right
        angles to the ecliptic passing through the heavenly body
        whose longitude is designated; as, the longitude of
        Capella is 79[deg].
        [1913 Webster]
     Geocentric longitude (Astron.), the longitude of a heavenly
        body as seen from the earth.
     Heliocentric longitude, the longitude of a heavenly body,
        as seen from the sun's center.
     Longitude stars, certain stars whose position is known, and
        the data in regard to which are used in observations for
        finding the longitude, as by lunar distances.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Refraction \Re*frac"tion\ (r?*fr?k"sh?n), n. [F. r['e]fraction.]
     1. The act of refracting, or the state of being refracted.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The change in the direction of ray of light, heat, or the
        like, when it enters obliquely a medium of a different
        density from that through which it has previously moved.
        [1913 Webster]
              Refraction out of the rarer medium into the denser,
              is made towards the perpendicular.    --Sir I.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Astron.)
        (a) The change in the direction of a ray of light, and,
            consequently, in the apparent position of a heavenly
            body from which it emanates, arising from its passage
            through the earth's atmosphere; -- hence distinguished
            as atmospheric refraction, or astronomical refraction.
        (b) The correction which is to be deducted from the
            apparent altitude of a heavenly body on account of
            atmospheric refraction, in order to obtain the true
            [1913 Webster]
     Angle of refraction (Opt.), the angle which a refracted ray
        makes with the perpendicular to the surface separating the
        two media traversed by the ray.
     Conical refraction (Opt.), the refraction of a ray of light
        into an infinite number of rays, forming a hollow cone.
        This occurs when a ray of light is passed through crystals
        of some substances, under certain circumstances. Conical
        refraction is of two kinds; external conical refraction,
        in which the ray issues from the crystal in the form of a
        cone, the vertex of which is at the point of emergence;
        and internal conical refraction, in which the ray is
        changed into the form of a cone on entering the crystal,
        from which it issues in the form of a hollow cylinder.
        This singular phenomenon was first discovered by Sir W. R.
        Hamilton by mathematical reasoning alone, unaided by
     Differential refraction (Astron.), the change of the
        apparent place of one object relative to a second object
        near it, due to refraction; also, the correction required
        to be made to the observed relative places of the two
     Double refraction (Opt.), the refraction of light in two
        directions, which produces two distinct images. The power
        of double refraction is possessed by all crystals except
        those of the isometric system. A uniaxial crystal is said
        to be optically positive (like quartz), or optically
        negative (like calcite), or to have positive, or negative,
        double refraction, according as the optic axis is the axis
        of least or greatest elasticity for light; a biaxial
        crystal is similarly designated when the same relation
        holds for the acute bisectrix.
     Index of refraction. See under Index.
     Refraction circle (Opt.), an instrument provided with a
        graduated circle for the measurement of refraction.
     Refraction of latitude, longitude, declination, right
     ascension, etc., the change in the apparent latitude,
        longitude, etc., of a heavenly body, due to the effect of
        atmospheric refraction.
     Terrestrial refraction, the change in the apparent altitude
        of a distant point on or near the earth's surface, as the
        top of a mountain, arising from the passage of light from
        it to the eye through atmospheric strata of varying
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Heliocentric \He`li*o*cen"tric\
     (h[=e]`l[i^]*[-o]*s[e^]n"tr[i^]k), Heliocentrical
  \He`li*o*cen"tric"al\ (h[=e]`l[i^]*[-o]*s[e^]n"tr[i^]*kal), a.
     [Helio- + centric, centrical: cf. F. h['e]liocentrique.]
     pertaining to the sun's center, or appearing to be seen from
     it; having, or relating to, the sun as a center; -- opposed
     to geocentrical.
     [1913 Webster]
     Heliocentric parallax. See under Parallax.
     Heliocentric place, latitude, longitude, etc. (of a
        heavenly body), the direction, latitude, longitude, etc.,
        of the body as viewed from the sun.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the angular distance between a point on any meridian and
           the prime meridian at Greenwich

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  138 Moby Thesaurus words for "longitude":
     Antarctic Zone, Arctic Circle, Arctic Zone, Cartesian coordinates,
     Frigid Zones, Lambert conformal projection, Mercator projection,
     Miller projection, Torrid Zone, Tropic of Cancer,
     Tropic of Capricorn, Variable Zones, abscissa, aeronautical chart,
     altitude, aphelion, apogee, astronomical chart,
     astronomical longitude, atlas, autumnal equinox, azimuth,
     azimuthal equidistant projection, azimuthal projection,
     cartographer, cartography, celestial chart, celestial equator,
     celestial globe, celestial longitude, celestial meridian, chart,
     chorographer, chorography, circle, climate, climatic chart, clime,
     colures, conic projection, contour line, contour map, coordinates,
     cylindrical coordinates, cylindrical projection, declination,
     distance, ecliptic, equator, equator coordinates, equinoctial,
     equinoctial circle, equinoctial colure, equinox, extension, extent,
     galactic longitude, general reference map, geocentric longitude,
     geodetic longitude, globe, gnomonic projection, graphic scale,
     great circle, grid line, hachure, heliocentric longitude,
     heliographic chart, horse latitudes, hydrographic chart, index,
     infinity, isoline, latitude, layer tint, legend, length,
     lengthiness, linear measures, long time, longitude in arc,
     longness, map, map maker, map projection, mapper, measure,
     meridian, mileage, orbit, ordinate, overall length, parallel,
     perigee, perihelion, period, perpetuity, photogrammetrist,
     photogrammetry, photomap, phototopography, physical map,
     polar coordinates, political map, polyconic projection,
     prime meridian, projection, reach, relief map,
     representative fraction, right ascension, road map,
     roaring forties, scale, sinusoidal projection, small circle,
     solstitial colure, span, special map, stretch, subtropics,
     terrain map, terrestrial globe, the line, thematic map,
     topographer, topographic chart, topography, trajectory,
     transportation map, tropic, tropics, vernal equinox, weather chart,
     weather map, yardage, zodiac, zone

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