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5 definitions found
 for judgment
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Judgment \Judg"ment\, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
     judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
        comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
        values and relations of things, whether of moral
        qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or
        material facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he
        avoided the peril; by a series of wrong judgments he
        forfeited confidence.
        [1913 Webster]
              I oughte deme, of skilful jugement,
              That in the salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
        1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
        deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
        of judgment; a politician without judgment.
        [1913 Webster]
              He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
              poor with judgment.                   --Ps. lxxii.
        [1913 Webster]
              Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
              Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
              look.                                 --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
        [1913 Webster]
              She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
              Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
        conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
        decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
        mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.
        [1913 Webster]
              In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
              what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
        [1913 Webster]
              Most heartily I do beseech the court
              To give the judgment.                 --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. (Philos.)
        (a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
            which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
            purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
            disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
            (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
            concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
            (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
            have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
        (b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
            upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.
            [1913 Webster]
                  A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
                  is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
            [1913 Webster]
                  The power by which we are enabled to perceive
                  what is true or false, probable or improbable,
                  is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
            [1913 Webster]
     6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
        for wrong committed; a providential punishment. "Judgments
        are prepared for scorners." --Prov. xix. 29. "This
        judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
           in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
           acknowledgement, and lodgement.
           [1913 Webster]
     Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
           combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.
           [1913 Webster]
     Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
        judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
     Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
        judge's order.
     Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.
     Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
        court; hence, a court; a tribunal. "We shall all stand
        before the judgment seat of Christ." --Rom. xiv. 10.
     Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
        against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.
        [1913 Webster]
     Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.
     Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
        trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
        ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
        miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.
     Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
          criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
          intelligence; understanding. See Taste.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant
           to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind" [syn:
           judgment, judgement, mind]
      2: the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or
         event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants" [syn:
         judgment, judgement, assessment]
      3: (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction
         on matters submitted to it [syn: judgment, judgement,
         judicial decision]
      4: the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing
         conclusions [syn: judgment, judgement, judging]
      5: the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial
         decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"
         [syn: opinion, legal opinion, judgment, judgement]
      6: the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly
         and to draw sound conclusions [syn: judgment, judgement,
         sound judgment, sound judgement, perspicacity]
      7: the mental ability to understand and discriminate between
         relations [syn: sagacity, sagaciousness, judgment,
         judgement, discernment]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  145 Moby Thesaurus words for "judgment":
     acquittal, acumen, anathematizing, appraisal, appraisement,
     assessment, assumption, astuteness, attitude, belief, castigation,
     censure, chastening, chastisement, circumspection, circumspectness,
     climate of opinion, common belief, common sense,
     community sentiment, conceit, concept, conception, conclusion,
     condemnation, condign punishment, consensus gentium, consideration,
     conviction, cool judgment, correction, critical discernment,
     damnation, death sentence, death warrant, decision, deduction,
     denouncement, denunciation, deserts, determination, discernment,
     disciplinary measures, discipline, discreetness, discretion,
     discrimination, doom, estimate, estimation, ethos, evaluation,
     excommunication, eye, feeling, ferule, flair, general belief,
     good judgment, good sense, guilty verdict, gumption, horse sense,
     idea, illation, impression, infliction, insight, judicatory,
     judicature, judicial process, judicial punishment, judiciary,
     judiciousness, justice, landmark decision, lights, mind, mystique,
     nemesis, new, notion, observation, opinion, pains,
     pains and punishments, pay, payment, penal retribution, penalty,
     penetration, penology, perception, perceptiveness,
     personal judgment, perspicacity, persuasion, point of view, policy,
     polity, popular belief, position, posture, presumption,
     prevailing belief, proscription, providence, prudence,
     prudentialism, public belief, public opinion, punishment, punition,
     rap, ratiocination, reaction, reflection, reflectiveness,
     retribution, retributive justice, ruling, sagacity, scourge,
     sentence, sentiment, sequitur, shrewdness, sight, sound judgment,
     soundness of judgment, stance, stock, the courts, theory, thinking,
     thought, thoughtfulness, verdict, verdict of guilty, view,
     way of thinking, weighing, well-deserved punishment, what-for,

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  JUDGMENT, practice. The decision or sentence of the law, given by a court of 
  justice or other competent tribunal, as the result of proceedings instituted 
  therein, for the redress of an injury. 
       2. The language of judgments, therefore, is not that "it is decreed," 
  or "resolved," by the court; but "it is considered," (consideratum est per 
  curiam) that the plaintiff recover his debt, damages, or possession, as the 
  case may require, or that the defendant do go without day. This implies that 
  the judgment is not so much the decision of the court, as the sentence of 
  the law pronounced and decreed by the court, after due deliberation and 
       3. To be valid, a judicial judgment must be given by a competent judge 
  or court, at a time and place appointed by law, and in the form it requires. 
  A judgment would be null, if the judge had not jurisdiction of the matter; 
  or, having such jurisdiction, he exercised it when there was no court held, 
  or but of his district; or if be rendered a judgment before the cause was 
  prepared for a hearing. 
       4. The judgment must confine itself to the question raised before the 
  court, and cannot extend beyond it. For example, where the plaintiff sued 
  for an injury committed on his lands by animals owned and kept carelessly by 
  defendant, the judgment may be for damages, but it cannot command the 
  defendant for the future to keep his cattle out of the plaintiff's land. 
  That would be to usurp the power of the legislature. A judgment declares the 
  rights which belong to the citizen, the law alone rules future actions. The 
  law commands all men, it is the same for all, because it is general; 
  judgments are particular decisions, which apply only to particular persons, 
  and bind no others; they vary like the circumstances on which they are 
       5. Litigious contests present to the courts facts to appreciate, 
  agreements to be construed, and points of law to be resolved. The judgment 
  is the result of the full examination of all these. 
       6. There are four kinds of judgments in civil cases, namely: 1. When 
  the facts are admitted by the parties, but the law is disputed; as in case 
  of judgment upon demurrer. 2. When the law is admitted, but the facts are 
  disputed; as in, case of judgment upon a verdict. 3. When both the law and 
  the facts are admitted by confession; as, in the case of cognovit actionem, 
  on the part of the defendant; or nolle prosequi, on the part of the 
  plaintiff. 4. By default of either party in the course of legal proceedings, 
  as in the case of judgment by nihil dicit, or non sum informatus, when the 
  defendant has omitted to plead or instruct his attorney to do so, after a 
  proper notice or in cases of judgment by non pros; or, as in case of 
  nonsuit, when the plaintiff omits to follow up his proceedings. 
       7. These four species of judgments, again, are either interlocutory or 
  final. Vide 3 Black. Com. 396; Bing. on Judg. 1. For the lien of judgment 
  in the several estates, vide Lien. 
       8. A list of the various judgments is here given.
       9. Judgment in assumpsit is either in favor of the plaintiff or 
  defendant; when in favor of the plaintiff, it is that he recover a specified 
  sum, assessed by a jury, or on reference to the prothonotary, or other 
  proper officer, for the damages which he has sustained, by reason of the 
  defendant's non-performance of his promises and undertakings, and for full 
  costs of suit. 1 Chit. Pl. 100. When the judgment is for the defendant, it 
  is that he recover his costs. 
      10. Judgment in actions on the case for torts, when for the plaintiff, 
  is that he recover a sum of money ascertained by a jury for his damages 
  occasioned by the committing of the grievances complained of, and the costs 
  of suit. 1 Ch. Pl. 147. When for the defendant, it is for costs. 
      11. Judgment of cassetur breve, or billa, is in cases of pleas in 
  abatement where the plaintiff prays that his "writ" or "bill" "may be 
  quashed, that he may sue or exhibit a better one." Steph. Pl. 130, 131, 128 
  Lawes, Civ. PI. 
      12. Judgment by confession. When instead of entering a plea, the 
  defendant chooses to confess the action; or, after pleading; he does, at any 
  time before trial, both confess the action and withdraw his plea or other 
  allegations; the judgment against him, in these two cases, is called a 
  judgment by confession or by confession relicta verificatione. Steph. Pl. 
      13. Contradictory judgment. By this term is understood, in the state of 
  Louisiana, a judgment which has been given after the parties have been 
  heard, either in support of their claims, or in their defence. Code of 
  Pract. art. 535; 11 L. R. 366, 569. A judgment is called contradictory to 
  distinguish it from one which is rendered by default. 
      14. Judgment in covenant; when for the plaintiff, is that he recover an 
  ascertained sum for his damages, which he has sustained by reason of the 
  breach or breaches of the defendant's covenant, together with costs of suit. 
  1 Chitty's Plead. 116, 117. When for the defendant, the judgment, is for 
      15. Judgment in the action of debt; when for the plaintiff, is that he 
  recover his debt, and in general, nominal damages for the detention thereof; 
  and in cases under the 8 and 9 Wm. III. c. 11, it is also awarded, that the 
  plaintiff have execution for the damages sustained by the breach of a bond, 
  conditioned for the performance of covenants; and that plaintiff recover 
  full costs of suit. 1 Chitty's Pl. 108, 9. 
      16. In some penal and other particular actions the plaintiff does not, 
  however, always recover costs. Espinasse on Pen. Act. 154: Hull. on Costs, 
  200; Bull. N. P. 333; 5 Johns. R. 251. 
      17. When the judgment is for the defendant, it is generally for costs. 
  In some penal actions, however, neither party can recover costs, 5 Johns. R. 
      18. Judgment by default, is a judgment rendered in consequence of tho 
  non-appearance of the defendant, and is either by nil dicit; vide Judgment 
  by nil dicit, or by non sum informatus; vide Judgment by non sum informatus. 
      19. This judgment is interlocutory in assumpsit, covenant, trespass, 
  case, and replevin, where the sole object of the action is damages; but in 
  debt, damages not being the principal object of the action, the plaintiff 
  usually signs final judgment in the first instance. Vide Com. Dig. Pleader, 
  B 11 and 12, E 42; 7 Vin. Ab. 429; Doct. Pl. 208; Grah. Pr, 631 Dane's Ab. 
  Index, h.t.; 3 Chit. Pr. 671 to 680; Tidd's Pr. 563; 1 Lilly's Reg. 585; 
  and article Default. 
      20. Judgment in the action of detinue; when for the plaintiff, is in the 
  alternative, that he recover the goods, or the value thereof, if he cannot 
  have the goods themselves, and his damage for the detention and costs. 1 Ch. 
  Pl. l21, 2; 1 Dall. R. 458. 
      2l. Judgment in error, is a judgment rendered by a court of error, on a 
  record sent up, from an inferior court. These judgments are of two kinds, of 
  affirmance and reversal. When the judgment is for the defendant in error, 
  whether the errors assigned be in law or in fact, it is "that the former 
  judgment be affirmed, and stand in full force and effect, the said causes 
  and matters assigned for error notwithstanding, and that the defendant in 
  error recover $____ for his damages, charges and costs which he hath 
  sustained," &c. 2 Tidd's Pr. 1126; Arch. Forms, 221. When it is for the 
  plaintiff in error, the judgment is that it be reversed or recalled. It is 
  to be reversed for error in law, in this form, that it be reversed, annulled 
  and altogether holden for nought." Arch. Forms, 224. For error in fact the, 
  judgment is recalled, revocatur. 2 Tidd's Pr. 1126. 
      22. A final judgment is one which puts an end to the suit.
      23. When the issue is one in fact, and is tried by a jury, the jury at 
  the time that they try the issue, assess the damages, and the judgment is 
  final in the first instance, and is that the plaintiff do recover the 
  damages assessed. 
      24. When an interlocutory judgment has been rendered, and a writ of 
  inquiry has issued to ascertain the damages, on the return of the 
  inquisition the plaintiff is entitled to a final judgment, namely, that he 
  recover the amount of damages so assessed. Steph. Pl. 127, 128. 
      25. An interlocutory judgment, is one given in the course of a cause, 
  before final judgment. When the action sounds in damages, and the issue is 
  an issue in law, or when any issue in fact not tried by a jury is decided in 
  favor of the plaintiff, then the judgment is that the plaintiff ought to 
  recover his damages without specifying their amount; for, as there has been 
  no trial by jury in the case, the amount of damages is not yet ascertained. 
  The judgment is then said to be interlocutory. 
      26. To ascertain such damages it is the practice to issue a writ of 
  inquiry. Steph. Pl. 127. When the action is founded on a promissory note, 
  bond, or other writing, or any other contract by which the amount due may be 
  readily computed, the practice is, in some courts, to refer it to the 
  prothonotary or clerk to assess the damages. 
      27. There is one species of interlocutory judgment which establishes 
  nothing but the inadequacy of the defence set up this is the judgment for 
  the plaintiff on demurrer to a plea in abatement, by which it appears that 
  the defendant has mistaken the law on a point which does not affect the 
  merits of his case; and it being but reasonable that he should offer, if he 
  can, a further defence, that judgment is that he do answer over, in 
  technical language, judgment of respondeat ouster. (q.v.) Steph. Plead, 
  126; Bac. Ab. Pleas, N. 4; 2 Arch. Pr. 3. 
      28. Judgment of nil capiat per breve or per billam. When an issue arises 
  upon a declaration or peremptory plea, and it is decided in favor of the 
  defendant, the judgment is, in general, that, the plaintiff take nothing by 
  his writ, (or bill,) and that the defendant go thereof without day, &c. This 
  is called a judgment of nil capiat per breve, or per billam. Steph. Pl. 128. 
      29. Judgment by nil dicit, is one rendered against a defendant for want 
  of a plea. The plaintiff obtains a rule on the defendant to plead within a 
  time specified, of which he serves a notice on the defendant or his 
  attorney; if the defendant neglect to enter a plea within the time 
  specified, the plaintiff may sign judgment against him. 
      30. Judgment of nolle prosequi, is a judgment entered against the 
  plaintiff, where, after appearance and before judgment, he says, "he will 
  not further prosecute his suit." Steph. Pl. 130 Lawes Civ. Pl. 166. 
      31. Judgment of non obstante veredicto, is a judgment rendered in favor 
  of the plaintiff, without regard to the verdict obtained by the defendant. 
      32. The motion for such judgment is made where after a pleading by the 
  defendant in confession and avoidance, as, for example, a plea in bar, and 
  issue joined thereon, and verdict found for, the defendant, the plaintiff on 
  retrospective examination of the record, conceives that such plea was bad in 
  substance, and might have been made the subject of demurrer on that ground. 
  If the plea was itself substantially bad in law, of course the verdict, 
  which merely shows it to be true in point of fact, cannot avail to entitle 
  the defendant to judgment; while on the other hand the plea being in 
  confession and avoidance, involves a confession of the plaintiff's 
  declaration, and shows that he was entitled. to maintain his action. In such 
  case, therefore, this court will give judgment for the plaintiff, without 
  regard to the verdict; and this, for the reasons above explained, is called 
  a judgment upon confession. Sometimes it may be expedient for the plaintiff 
  to move for judgment non obstante, &c., even though the verdict be in his 
  own favor; for, if in such case as above described, he takes judgment as 
  upon the verdict, it seems that such judgment would be erroneous, and that 
  the only safe course is to take it as upon confession. 1 Wils. 63; Cro. 
  Eliz, 778 2 Roll. Ab. 99. See also, Cro. Eliz. 2 1 4 6 Mod. 1 0; Str. 394; 1 
  Ld. Raym. 641; 8 Taunt. 413; Rast. Ent. 622; 1 Wend. 307; 2 Wend. 624; 5 
  Wend. 513; 4 Wend. 468; 6 Cowen, R. 225. See this Dict. Repleader, for the 
  difference between a repleader and a judgment non obstante veredicto. 
      33. Judgment by non sum informatus, is one which is rendered, when 
  instead of entering a plea, the defendant's attorney says he is not informed 
  of any answer to be given to the action. Steph. Pl. 130. 
      34. Judgment of non pros. (from non prosequitur,) is one given against 
  the plaintiff, in any class of actions, for not declaring, or replying, or 
  surrejoining, &c., or for not entering the issue. 
      35. Judgment of nonsuit, Practice, is one against the plaintiff, which 
  happens when, on trial by jury, the plaintiff, on being called or demanded, 
  at the instance of the defendant, to be present while the jury give their 
  verdict, fails to make his appearance. 
      36. In this case, no verdict is given, but the judgment of nonsuit 
  passes against the plaintiff. So if, after issue be joined, the plaintiff 
  neglect to bring such issue on to be tried in due time, as limited by the 
  practice of the court, in the particular case, judgment will be also given 
  against him for this default; and it is called judgment as in case of 
  nonsuit. Steph. Pl. 131. 
      37. After suffering a nonsuit, the plaintiff may commence another action 
  for the same cause for which the first had been instituted. 
      38. In some cases, plaintiffs having obtained information in what manner 
  the jury had agreed upon their verdict before it was delivered in court, 
  have, when the jury were ready to give in such verdict against them, 
  suffered a nonsuit for the purpose of commencing another action and 
  obtaining another trial. To prevent this abuse, the legislature of 
  Pennsylvania have provided, by the Act of March 28, 1814, 6:Reed's L. 208, 
  that "whenever on the trial of any cause, the jury shall be ready to give in 
  their verdict, the plaintiff shall not be called, nor shall he then be 
  permitted to suffer a nonsuit." 
      39. Judgment quod computet. The name of an interlocutory judgment in an 
  action of account render that the defendant do account, quod computet. Vide 
  4 Wash. C. C. R. 84; 2 Watts, R. 95; 1 Penn. R. 138. 
      40. Judgment quod recuperet. When an issue in law, other than one 
  arising on a dilatory plea, or an issue in fact, is decided in favor of the 
  plaintiff, the judgment is, that the plaintiff do recover, which is called a 
  judgment quod recuperet. Steph. Pl. 126; Com. Dig. Abatement, I 14, I 15; 2 
  Arch. Pr. 3. This judgment is of two kinds, namely, interlocutory or final. 
      41. Judgment in replevin, is either for the plaintiff or defendant. 
      42.-1. For the plaintiff. 1. When the declaration is in the detinuit, 
  that is, where the plaintiff declares, that the chattels "were detained 
  until replevied by the sheriff," the judgment is that he recover the damages 
  assessed by the jury for the taking and unjust detention, or for the latter 
  only, where the former was justifiable, as also his costs. 5 Serg. & Rawle, 
  133 Ham. N. P. 488. 
      43.-2. If the replevin is in the detinet, that is, where the plaintiff 
  declares that the chattels taken are "yet detained," the jury must find, 
  'in addition to the above, the value of the chattels, (assuming that they 
  are still detained,) not in a gross sum, but each separate article; for tho 
  defendant, perhaps, will restore some, in which case the plaintiff is to 
  recover the value of the remainder. Ham. N. P. 489; Fitz. N. B. 159, b; 5 
  Serg. & Rawle, 130. 
      44.-2. For the defendant. 1. If the replevin be abated, the judgment 
  is, that the writ or plaint abate, and that the defendant (having avowed) 
  have a return of the chattels. 
      46.-2. When the plaintiff is nonsuited) the judgment for the 
  defendant, at common law, is, that the chattels be restored to him, and this 
  without his first assigning the purpose for which they were taken, because, 
  by abandoning his suit, the plaintiff admits that he had no right to 
  dispossess the defendant by prosecuting the replevin. The form of this 
  judgment. is simply "to have a return," without adding the words "to hold 
  irreplevisable." Ham. N. P. 490. 
      46. As to the form of judgments in cases of nonsuit, under the 21 Hen. 
  VIII. c. 19, and 17 Car. II. c. 7, see Ham. N. P. 490, 491; 2 Ch. Plead. 
  161; 8 Wentw. Pl. 116; 5 Serg. & Rawle, 132; 1 Saund. 195, n. 3; 2 Saund. 
  286, n. 5. It is still in the defendant's option in these cases, to take his 
  judgment pro retorno habendo at common law. 5 Serg. & Rawle, 132; 1 Lev. 
  265; 3 T. R. 349. 
      47.-3. When the avowant succeeds upon the merits of his case, the 
  common law judgment is, that he "have return irreplevisable," for it is 
  apparent that he is by law entitled to keep possession of the goods. 5 Serg. 
  & Rawle, 135; Ham. N. P. 493; 1 Chit. Pl. 162. For the form of judgments in 
  favor of the avowant, under the last mentioned statutes, gee Ham. N. P. 494-
      48. Judgment of respondeat ouster. When there is an issue in law, 
  arising on a dilatory plea, and it is decided in favor of the plaintiff, the 
  judgment is only that the defendant answer over, which is called a judgment 
  of respondeat ouster. The pleading is accordingly resumed, and the action 
  proceeds. Steph. Pl. 126; see Bac. Abr. Pleas, N 4; 2 Arch. Pr. 3. 
      49. Judgment of retraxit, is one where, after appearance and before 
  judgment, the, plaintiff enters upon the record that he "withdraws his 
  suit;" in such case judgment is given against him. Steph. Pl. 130. 
      50. Judgment in an action on trespass, when for the plaintiff, is, that 
  he recover the damages assessed by the jury, and the costs. For the 
  defendant, that he recover the costs. 
      51. Judgment in action on the case for trover, when for the plaintiff, 
  is, that he recover damages and costs. 1 Ch. Pl. 157, For the defendant, the 
  judgment is, that he recover his costs. 
      52. Judgment of capiatur. At common law, on conviction, in a civil 
  action, of a forcible wrong, alleged to have been committed vi et armis, 
  &c., the defendant was obliged to pay a fine to the king, for the breach of 
  the peace implied in the act, and a judgment of capiatur pro fine was 
  rendered against him, under which he was liable to be arrested, and 
  imprisoned till the fine was paid. But by the 5 W. & M. c. 12, the judgment 
  of capiatur pro fine was abolished. Gould on Pl. Sec. 38, 82; Bac. Ab. Fines 
  and Amercements, C 1; 1 Ld. Raym. 273, 4; Style, 346. See Judgment of 
  misericordia, 53. Judgment of misericordia. At common law, the party to, a 
  suit who did not prevail was punished for his unjust vexation, and therefore 
  judgment was given against him, quod sit in misericordia pro falso clamore. 
  Hence, when the plaintiff sued out a writ, the sheriff was obliged to take 
  pledges of prosecution before he returned it, which when fines and 
  amercements were considerable, were real and responsible persons, and 
  answerable for those amercements; but now they are never levied, and the 
  pledges are merely formal, namely, John Doe and Richard Roe. Bac. Ab. Fines, 
  &c., C 1 1 Lord Ray. 273, 4. 
      54. In actions where the judgment was against the defendant, it was 
  entered at common law, with a misericordia or a capiatur. With a 
  misericordia in actions on contracts, with a capiatur in actions of 
  trespass, or other forcible wrong, alleged to have been committed vi et 
  armis. See Judgment of capiatur; Gould on Pl. c. 4, Sec. 38, 82, 83. 
      55. Judgment quod partitio fiat, is a judgment, in a writ of partition, 
  that partition be made; this is not a final judgment. The final judgment is, 
  quod partitio facta firma et stabilis in perpetuum teneatur. Co. Litt. 169; 
  2 Bl. Rep. 1159. 
      56. Judgment quod partes replacitent. The name of a judgment given when 
  the court award a repleader. 
      57. When issue is joined on an immaterial point, or a point on which the 
  court cannot give a judgment determining the right, they award a repleader 
  or judgment quod partes replacitent. See Bac. Ab. Pleas, &c., M; 3 Heyw. 
  159; Peck's R. 325. See, generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. 

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  JUDGMENT, ARREST OF, practice. This takes place when the court withhold 
  judgment from the plaintiff on the ground that there is some error appearing 
  on the face of the record, which vitiates the proceedings. In consequence of 
  such error, on whatever part of the record it may arise, from the 
  commencement of the suit to the time when the motion in arrest of judgment 
  is made, the court are bound to arrest the judgment. 
       2. It is, however, only with respect to objections apparent on the 
  record, that such motions can be made. They cannot, in general, be made in 
  respect to formal objections. This was formerly otherwise, and judgments 
  were constantly arrested for matters of mere form; 3 Bl. Corn. 407; 2 
  Reeves, 448; but this abuse has been long remedied by certain statutes 
  passed at different periods, called the statutes of amendment and jeofails, 
  by the effect of which, judgments, cannot, in general, now be arrested for 
  any objection of form. Steph. Pl. 117; see 3 Bl. Com. 393; 21 Vin. Ab. 457; 
  1 Sell. Pr. 496. 

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229