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5 definitions found
 for icon
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  icon \i"con\ ([imac]"k[o^]n), n. [Also spelled ikon.] [L., fr.
     Gr. e'ikw`n.]
     1. An image or representation; a portrait or pretended
        portrait.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Netherlands whose names and icons are published.
                                                    --Hakewill.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Gr. Ch.) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary,
        Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function
        as an image of such a person in the Latin Church. The term
        is used especially for a highly stylized and
        conventionalized representation of a holy person, rich in
        symbolism and used in devotional services in many of the
        eastern Orthodox churches, especially the Greek and
        Russian Orthodox Churches.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
  
     3. a symbol, especially a symbol whose form suggests its
        meaning or the object it represents.
        [PJC]
  
     4. (Computers) a graphical symbol for a data object whose
        form suggests the nature or function of the object;
        especially, such a symbol as viewed on the computer
        screen.
  
     Note: In a graphical user interface, pointing to and clicking
           on an icon may cause any of several types of actions,
           such as opening a file or executing a program,
           depending on how the icon properties are defined.
           [PJC]
  
     5. any object of uncritical devotion.
        [PJC]
  
              The former congresswoman and Vice-Presidential
              candidate Geraldine Ferraro is still an icon to many
              party members.                        --The New York
                                                    Times, April
                                                    16, 1998
        [PJC]
  
     6. an outstanding example of something which has come to
        represent the class of things to which it belongs; a
        paragon; used of persons as well as objects.
        [PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  icon
      n 1: (computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple
           picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file
           or a concept in a graphical user interface
      2: a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or
         abstraction) produced on a surface; "they showed us the
         pictures of their wedding"; "a movie is a series of images
         projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them" [syn:
         picture, image, icon, ikon]
      3: a conventional religious painting in oil on a small wooden
         panel; venerated in the Eastern Church [syn: icon, ikon]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  141 Moby Thesaurus words for "icon":
     Agnus Dei, Holy Grail, Host, Pieta, Sanctus bell, Sangraal,
     abstract, abstraction, altarpiece, ark, asperger, asperges,
     aspergillum, bambino, beadroll, beads, block print, candle, censer,
     certified copy, chaplet, ciborium, collage, color print, companion,
     copy, counterfeit, cross, crucifix, cruet, cyclorama, daub,
     dead ringer, diptych, double, duplicate, ectype, effigy, engraving,
     eucharistial, exact likeness, fair copy, faithful copy, fake,
     fellow, forgery, fresco, glosseme, holy cross, holy water,
     holy-water sprinkler, idol, illumination, illustration, image,
     imitation, incensory, lexeme, lexical form, likeness, living image,
     living picture, match, mate, matzo, menorah, mezuzah, mikvah,
     miniature, mirroring, model, monstrance, montage, morpheme, mosaic,
     mural, osculatory, ostensorium, panorama, paschal candle,
     pasticcio, pastiche, pax, phony, photograph, phrase, phylacteries,
     picture, portrait, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, print, pyx,
     reflection, relics, representation, reproduction, resemblance,
     rood, rosary, rubbing, sacramental, sacred relics, sacring bell,
     semasiological unit, semblance, sememe, shadow, shofar, sign,
     signifiant, significant, similitude, simulacrum, spit and image,
     spitting image, stained glass window, stencil, still life, sukkah,
     symbol, tabernacle, tableau, tallith, tapestry, term, thurible,
     token, trace, tracing, triptych, twin, type, urceole, veronica,
     very image, very picture, vigil light, votive candle,
     wall painting, word
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  Icon
  
      A descendant of SNOBOL4 with Pascal-like
     syntax, produced by Griswold in the 1970's.  Icon is a
     general-purpose language with special features for string
     scanning.  It has dynamic types: records, sets, lists,
     strings, tables.  If has some object oriented features but
     no modules or exceptions.  It has a primitive Unix
     interface.
  
     The central theme of Icon is the generator: when an expression
     is evaluated it may be suspended and later resumed, producing
     a result sequence of values until it fails.  Resumption takes
     place implicitly in two contexts: iteration which is
     syntactically loop-like ('every-do'), and goal-directed
     evaluation in which a conditional expression automatically
     attempts to produce at least one result.  Expressions that
     fail are used in lieu of Booleans.  Data backtracking is
     supported by a reversible assignment.  Icon also has
     co-expressions, which can be explicitly resumed at any time.
  
     Version 8.8 by Ralph Griswold  includes
     an interpreter, a compiler (for some platforms) and a
     library (v8.8).  Icon has been ported to Amiga, Atari,
     CMS, Macintosh, Macintosh/MPW, MS-DOS, MVS, OS/2,
     Unix, VMS, Acorn.
  
     See also Ibpag2.
  
     ftp://cs.arizona.edu/icon/)">(ftp://cs.arizona.edu/icon/), MS-DOS FTP
     ftp://bellcore.com+norman/iconexe.zip)">(ftp://bellcore.com norman/iconexe.zip).
  
     Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.lang.icon.
  
     E-mail: , .
  
     Mailing list: icon-group@arizona.edu.
  
     ["The Icon Programmming Language", Ralph E. Griswold and Madge
     T. Griswold, Prentice Hall, seond edition, 1990].
  
     ["The Implementation of the Icon Programmming Language", Ralph
     E. Griswold and Madge T. Griswold, Princeton University Press
     1986].
  
     (1992-08-21)
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  icon
  
      A small picture intended to represent something (a
     file, directory, or action) in a graphical user interface.
     When an icon is clicked on, some action is performed such as
     opening a directory or aborting a file transfer.
  
     Icons are usually stored as bitmap images.  Microsoft
     Windows uses a special bitmap format with file name extension
     ".ico" as well as embedding icons in executable (".exe") and
     Dynamically Linked Library (DLL) files.
  
     The term originates from Alan Kay's theory for designing
     interfaces which was primarily based on the work of Jerome
     Bruner.  Bruner's second developmental stage, iconic, uses a
     system of representation that depends on visual or other
     sensory organization and upon the use of summarising images.
  
     IEEE publication
     
  http://ieee.org/organizations/history_center/cht_papers/Barnes.pdf)">(http://ieee.org/organizations/history_center/cht_papers/Barnes.pdf).
  
     [What MS tool can create .ico files?]
  
     (2003-08-01)
  

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