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4 definitions found
 for disability
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  disability \dis`a*bil"i*ty\, n.; pl. Disabilities.
     1. State of being disabled; deprivation or want of ability;
        absence of competent physical, intellectual, or moral
        power, means, fitness, and the like.
        [1913 Webster]
              Grossest faults, or disabilities to perform what was
              covenanted.                           --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
              Chatham refused to see him, pleading his disability.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Want of legal qualification to do a thing; legal
        incapacity or incompetency.
        [1913 Webster]
              The disabilities of idiocy, infancy, and coverture.
     Syn: Weakness; inability; incompetence; impotence;
          incapacity; incompetency; disqualification.
     Usage: -- Disability, Inability. Inability is an inherent
            want of power to perform the thing in question;
            disability arises from some deprivation or loss of the
            needed competency. One who becomes deranged is under a
            disability of holding his estate; and one who is made
            a judge, of deciding in his own case. A man may
            decline an office on account of his inability to
            discharge its duties; he may refuse to accept a trust
            or employment on account of some disability prevents
            him from entering into such engagements.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence
           of physical or mental unfitness; "reading disability";
           "hearing impairment" [syn: disability, disablement,
           handicap, impairment]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  97 Moby Thesaurus words for "disability":
     abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment,
     allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease,
     birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease,
     circulatory disease, complaint, complication, condition,
     congenital defect, defect, deficiency disease, deformity,
     degenerative disease, detriment, disablement, disadvantage,
     disease, disorder, disqualification, distemper, drawback, endemic,
     endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease,
     functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease,
     genetic disease, handicap, helplessness, hereditary disease,
     iatrogenic disease, illness, imbecility, impairment, impotence,
     inability, inadequacy, incapability, incapacitation, incapacity,
     incompetence, incompetency, indisposition, inefficiency,
     ineptitude, infancy, infectious disease, inferiority, infirmity,
     insufficiency, legal incapacity, malady, malaise, minority,
     morbidity, morbus, muscular disease, neurological disease,
     nutritional disease, occupational disease, organic disease,
     pandemic disease, pathological condition, pathology, plant disease,
     powerlessness, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease,
     respiratory disease, rockiness, secondary disease, seediness,
     sickishness, sickness, signs, symptomatology, symptomology,
     symptoms, syndrome, the pip, unfitness, urogenital disease,
     virus disease, wardship, wasting disease, worm disease

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  DISABILITY. The want of legal capacity to do a thing. 
       2. Persons may be under disability, 1. To make contracts. 2. To bring 
       3.-1. Those who want understanding; as idiots, lunatics, drunkards, 
  and infants or freedom to exercise their will, as married women, and persons 
  in duress; or who, in consequence of their situation, are forbidden by the 
  policy of the law to enter into contracts, as trustees, executors, 
  administrators, or guardians, are under disabilities to make contracts. See 
  Parties; Contracts. 
      4.-2. The disabilities to sue are, 1. Alienage, when the alien is an 
  enemy. Bac. Ab. Abatement, B 3; Id. Alien, E: Com. Dig. Abatement , K; Co. 
  Litt. 129. 2. Coverture; unless as co-plaintiff with her husband, a married 
  woman cannot sue. 3. Infancy; unless he appears by guardian or prochein ami. 
  Co. Litt. 135, b; 2 Saund. 117, f, n. 1 Bac. Ab. Infancy, K 2 Conn. 357; 7 
  John. 373; Gould, Pl. c. 5, Sec. 54. 4. That no such person as that named 
  has any existence, is not, or never was, in rerum natura. Com. Dig. 
  Abatement, E 16, 17; 1 Chit. Pl. 435; Gould on Pl. c. 5, Sec. 58; Lawes' Pl. 
  104; 19 John. 308. By the law of England there are other disabilities; these 
  are, 1. Outlawry. 2. Attainder. 3. Praemunire. 4. Popish recusancy. 5. 
      5. In the acts of limitation it is provided that persons lying under 
  certain disabilities, such as being non compos, an infant, in prison, or 
  under coverture, shall have the right to bring actions after the disability 
  shall have been removed. 
      6. In the construction of this saving in the acts, it has been decided 
  that two disabilities shall not be joined when they occur in different 
  persons; as, if a right of entry accrue to a feme covert, and during the 
  coverture she die, and the right descends to her infant son. But the rule is 
  otherwise when there are several disabilities in the same person; as, if the 
  right accrues to an infant, and before he has attained his full age, he 
  becomes non compos mentis; in this case he may establish his right after the 
  removal of the last disability. 2 Prest. Abs. of Tit. 341 Shep. To. 31; 3 
  Tho. Co. Litt. pl. 18, note L; 2 H. Bl. 584; 5 Whart. R. 377. Vide 

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