dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information


2 definitions found
 for diachylon
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Soap \Soap\, n. [OE. sope, AS. s[=a]pe; akin to D. zeep, G.
     seife, OHG. seifa, Icel. s[=a]pa, Sw. s?pa, Dan. s?be, and
     perhaps to AS. s[imac]pan to drip, MHG. s[imac]fen, and L.
     sebum tallow. Cf. Saponaceous.]
     A substance which dissolves in water, thus forming a lather,
     and is used as a cleansing agent. Soap is produced by
     combining fats or oils with alkalies or alkaline earths,
     usually by boiling, and consists of salts of sodium,
     potassium, etc., with the fatty acids (oleic, stearic,
     palmitic, etc.). See the Note below, and cf.
     Saponification. By extension, any compound of similar
     composition or properties, whether used as a cleaning agent
     or not.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In general, soaps are of two classes, hard and soft.
           Calcium, magnesium, lead, etc., form soaps, but they
           are insoluble and useless.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 The purifying action of soap depends upon the
                 fact that it is decomposed by a large quantity of
                 water into free alkali and an insoluble acid
                 salt. The first of these takes away the fatty
                 dirt on washing, and the latter forms the soap
                 lather which envelops the greasy matter and thus
                 tends to remove it.                --Roscoe &
                                                    Schorlemmer.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Castile soap, a fine-grained hard soap, white or mottled,
        made of olive oil and soda; -- called also Marseilles
        soap or Venetian soap.
  
     Hard soap, any one of a great variety of soaps, of
        different ingredients and color, which are hard and
        compact. All solid soaps are of this class.
  
     Lead soap, an insoluble, white, pliable soap made by
        saponifying an oil (olive oil) with lead oxide; -- used
        externally in medicine. Called also lead plaster,
        diachylon, etc.
  
     Marine soap. See under Marine.
  
     Pills of soap (Med.), pills containing soap and opium.
  
     Potash soap, any soap made with potash, esp. the soft
        soaps, and a hard soap made from potash and castor oil.
  
     Pumice soap, any hard soap charged with a gritty powder, as
        silica, alumina, powdered pumice, etc., which assists
        mechanically in the removal of dirt.
  
     Resin soap, a yellow soap containing resin, -- used in
        bleaching.
  
     Silicated soap, a cheap soap containing water glass (sodium
        silicate).
  
     Soap bark. (Bot.) See Quillaia bark.
  
     Soap bubble, a hollow iridescent globe, formed by blowing a
        film of soap suds from a pipe; figuratively, something
        attractive, but extremely unsubstantial.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              This soap bubble of the metaphysicians. --J. C.
                                                    Shairp.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Soap cerate, a cerate formed of soap, olive oil, white wax,
        and the subacetate of lead, sometimes used as an
        application to allay inflammation.
  
     Soap fat, the refuse fat of kitchens, slaughter houses,
        etc., used in making soap.
  
     Soap liniment (Med.), a liniment containing soap, camphor,
        and alcohol.
  
     Soap nut, the hard kernel or seed of the fruit of the
        soapberry tree, -- used for making beads, buttons, etc.
  
     Soap plant (Bot.), one of several plants used in the place
        of soap, as the Chlorogalum pomeridianum, a California
        plant, the bulb of which, when stripped of its husk and
        rubbed on wet clothes, makes a thick lather, and smells
        not unlike new brown soap. It is called also soap apple,
        soap bulb, and soap weed.
  
     Soap tree. (Bot.) Same as Soapberry tree.
  
     Soda soap, a soap containing a sodium salt. The soda soaps
        are all hard soaps.
  
     Soft soap, a soap of a gray or brownish yellow color, and
        of a slimy, jellylike consistence, made from potash or the
        lye from wood ashes. It is strongly alkaline and often
        contains glycerin, and is used in scouring wood, in
        cleansing linen, in dyehouses, etc. Figuratively,
        flattery; wheedling; blarney. [Colloq.]
  
     Toilet soap, hard soap for the toilet, usually colored and
        perfumed.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Diachylon \Di*ach"y*lon\, Diachylum \Di*ach"y*lum\, n. [NL.
     diachylum, fr. Gr. ? very juicy; dia` thoroughly + ? juice.]
     (Med. & Chem.)
     A plaster originally composed of the juices of several plants
     (whence its name), but now made of an oxide of lead and oil,
     and consisting essentially of glycerin mixed with lead salts
     of the fat acids.
     [1913 Webster]

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229