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4 definitions found
 for correction
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Correction \Cor*rec"tion\ (k?r-r?k"sh?n), n. [L. correctio: cf.
     F. correction.]
     1. The act of correcting, or making that right which was
        wrong; change for the better; amendment; rectification, as
        of an erroneous statement.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The due correction of swearing, rioting, neglect of
              God's word, and other scandalouss vices. --Strype.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The act of reproving or punishing, or that which is
        intended to rectify or to cure faults; punishment;
        discipline; chastisement.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Correction and instruction must both work
              Ere this rude beast will profit.      --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. That which is substituted in the place of what is wrong;
        an emendation; as, the corrections on a proof sheet should
        be set in the margin.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Abatement of noxious qualities; the counteraction of what
        is inconvenient or hurtful in its effects; as, the
        correction of acidity in the stomach.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. An allowance made for inaccuracy in an instrument; as,
        chronometer correction; compass correction.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Correction line (Surv.), a parallel used as a new base line
        in laying out township in the government lands of the
        United States. The adoption at certain intervals of a
        correction line is necessitated by the convergence of of
        meridians, and the statute requirement that the townships
        must be squares.
  
     House of correction, a house where disorderly persons are
        confined; a bridewell.
  
     Under correction, subject to correction; admitting the
        possibility of error.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  correction
      n 1: the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake;
           setting right [syn: correction, rectification]
      2: a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase
         the accuracy of a scientific measure [syn: correction,
         fudge factor]
      3: something substituted for an error
      4: a rebuke for making a mistake [syn: correction,
         chastening, chastisement]
      5: a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a
         period of increases; "market runups are invariably followed
         by a correction"
      6: the act of punishing; "the offenders deserved the harsh
         discipline they received" [syn: discipline, correction]
      7: treatment of a specific defect; "the correction of his vision
         with eye glasses"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  104 Moby Thesaurus words for "correction":
     admonishment, admonition, amendment, amends, appraisal,
     appraisement, approximation, assessment, assize, assizement,
     calculation, castigation, chastening, chastisement, chiding,
     compensation, computation, condign punishment, corrigendum,
     deserts, determination, disciplinary measures, discipline, editing,
     emendation, estimate, estimation, evaluation, ferule, fixing,
     gauging, improvement, infliction, instrumentation, judgment,
     judicial punishment, lecture, lesson, making right, measure,
     measurement, measuring, mending, mensuration, metric system,
     nemesis, objurgation, overhaul, overhauling, pains,
     pains and punishments, pay, payment, penal retribution, penalty,
     penology, punishment, punition, quantification, quantization,
     rating, rebuke, recension, recompense, rectification, redaction,
     redress, remedy, repair, repairing, reparation, reprehension,
     reprimand, reproach, reprobation, reproof, reproval, rescript,
     rescription, retribution, retributive justice, revampment, revisal,
     revise, revised edition, revision, rewrite, rewriting, rod,
     satisfaction, scolding, scourge, sermon, spanking, survey,
     surveying, telemetering, telemetry, triangulation, troubleshooting,
     upbraiding, valuation, well-deserved punishment, what-for
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CORRECTION,punishment. Chastisement by one having authority of a person who 
  has committed some offence, for the purpose of bringing him to legal 
  subjection. 
       2. It is chiefly exercised in a parental manner, by parents, or those 
  who are placed in loco parentis. A parent may therefore justify the 
  correction of the child either corporally or by confinement; and a 
  schoolmaster, under whose care and instruction a parent has placed his 
  child, may equally justify similar correction; but the correction in both, 
  cases must be moderate, and in proper manner. Com. Dig. Pleader, 3 M. 19; 
  Hawk. c. 60, s. 23, and c. 62, s. 2 c. 29, s. 5. 
       3. The master of an apprentice, for disobedience, may correct him 
  moderately 1 Barn. & Cres. 469 Cro. Car. 179 2 Show. 289; 10 Mart. Lo. It. 
  38; but he cannot delegate the authority to another. 9 Co. 96. 
       4. A master has no right to correct his servants who are not 
  apprentices. 
       5. Soldiers are liable to moderate correction from their superiors. For 
  the sake of maintaining their discipline on board of the navy, the captain 
  of a vessel, either belonging to the United States, or to private 
  individuals, may inflict moderate correction on a sailor for disobedience or 
  disorderly conduct. Abbott on Shipp. 160; 1 Ch. Pr. 73; 14 John. R. 119; 15 
  )lass. 365; 1 Bay, 3; Bee, 161; 1 Pet. Adm. Dec. 168; Molloy, 209; 1 Ware's 
  R. 83. Such has been the general rule. But by a proviso to an act of 
  congress, approved the 28th of September, l850, flogging in the navy and on 
  board vessels of commerce was abolished. 
       6. Any excess of correction by the parent, master, officer, or captain, 
  may render the party guilty of an assault and battery, and liable to all its 
  consequences. In some prisons, the keepers have the right to correct the 
  prisoners. 
  
  

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