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4 definitions found
 for conviction
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Conviction \Con*vic"tion\ (k[o^]n*v[i^]k"sh[u^]n), n. [L.
     convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction (in sense 3 &
     4). See Convict, Convince.]
     1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or
        adjudging, guilty of an offense.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The greater certainty of conviction and the greater
              certainty of punishment.              --Hallam.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Law) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having
        jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the
        state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal
        tribunal.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Conviction may accrue two ways.       --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the
        admission of a truth; confutation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
              Or subtle shifts conviction to evade. --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong
        persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being
        convicted of sin, or by one's conscience.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To call good evil, and evil good, against the
              conviction of their own consciences.  --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And did you presently fall under the power of this
              conviction?                           --Bunyan.
  
     Syn: Conviction; persuasion.
  
     Usage: Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith;
            persuasion respects matters of belief or practice.
            Conviction respects our most important duties;
            persuasion is frequently applied to matters of
            indifference. --Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of
            the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of
            the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind,
            persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. --C. J.
            Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in
            opposition to their conviction of duty.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  conviction
      n 1: an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or
           evidence [syn: conviction, strong belief, article of
           faith]
      2: (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case
         and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as
         no surprise" [syn: conviction, judgment of conviction,
         condemnation, sentence] [ant: acquittal]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  92 Moby Thesaurus words for "conviction":
     anathematizing, arrogance, aspiration, assumption, assurance,
     assured faith, assuredness, belief, censure, certainty, certitude,
     cheerful expectation, cocksureness, condemnation, confidence,
     confidentness, courage, damnation, death sentence, death warrant,
     denouncement, denunciation, dependence, desire, doctrine, dogma,
     doom, doomed hope, excommunication, expectation, eye,
     fair prospect, faith, feeling, fervent hope, fixed opinion,
     good cheer, good hope, great expectations, guilty verdict,
     high hopes, hope, hopeful prognosis, hopefulness, hopes, hoping,
     hoping against hope, hubris, implicit belief, judgment,
     mature judgment, mind, opinion, overconfidence, oversureness,
     overweening, overweeningness, persuasion, poise, pomposity,
     position, positiveness, prayerful hope, presumption, pride,
     promise, proscription, prospect, prospects, rap, reliance,
     sanguine expectation, security, self-assurance, self-confidence,
     self-importance, self-reliance, sentence, sentiment,
     settled belief, settled judgment, staunch belief, steadfast faith,
     subjective certainty, sureness, surety, tenet, trust,
     unshaken confidence, verdict of guilty, view, well-grounded hope
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CONVICTION, practice. A condemnation. In its most extensive sense this word 
  signifies the giving judgment against a defendant, whether criminal or 
  civil. In a more limited sense, it means, the judgment given against the 
  criminal. And in its most restricted sense it is a record of the summary 
  proceedings upon any penal statute before one or more justices of the peace, 
  or other persons duly authorized, in a case where the offender has been 
  convicted and sentenced: this last is usually termed a summary conviction. 
       2. As summary. convictions have been introduced in derogation of the 
  common law, and operate to the exclusion of trial by jury, the courts have 
  required that the strict letter of the statute should be observed 1 Burr. 
  Rep. 613 and that the magistrates should have been guided by rules similar 
  to those adopted by the common law, in criminal prosecution, and founded in 
  natural justice; unless when the statute dispenses with the form of stating 
  them. 
       3. The general rules in relation to convictions are, first, it must be 
  under the hand and seal of the magistrate before whom it is taken; secondly, 
  it must be in the present tense, but this, perhaps, ought to extend only to 
  the judgment; thirdly, it must be certain; fourthly, although it is well to 
  lay the offence to be contra pacem, this is not indispensable; fifthly, a 
  conviction cannot be good in part and bad in part. 
       4. A conviction usually consists of six parts; first, the information; 
  which should contain, 1. The day when it was taken. 2. The place where it 
  was taken.  3. The name of the informer. 4. The name and style of the 
  justice or justices to whom it was given. 5. The name of the offender. 6. 
  The time of committing the offence. 7. The place where the offence was 
  committed. 8. An exact description of the offence. 
       5. Secondly, the summons.
       6. Thirdly, the appearance or non-appearance of the defendant. 
       7. Fourthly, his defence or confessions.
       8. Fifthly, the evidence. Dougl. 469; 2 Burr. 1163; 4 Burr. 2064.
       9. Sixthly, the judgment or adjudication, which should state, 1. That 
  the defendant is convicted. 2. The forfeiture or penalty. Vide Bosc. on 
  Conviction; Espinasse on Penal Actions; 4 Dall. 266; 3 Yeates, 475; 1 
  Yeates, 471. As to the effect of a conviction as evidence in a civil case, 
  see 1 Phil. Ev. 259; 8 Bouv. Inst. 3183. 
  
  

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