The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

3 definitions found
 for congregation
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Congregation \Con`gre*ga"tion\, n. [L. congregatio: cf. F.
     1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of
        collecting into one aggregate or mass.
        [1913 Webster]
              The means of reduction in the fire is but by the
              congregation of homogeneal parts.     --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. A collection or mass of separate things.
        [1913 Webster]
              A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of
        persons met for the worship of God, and for religious
        instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet.
        [1913 Webster]
              He [Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached
              there to large and attentive congregations.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Anc. Jewish Hist.) The whole body of the Jewish people;
        -- called also Congregation of the Lord.
        [1913 Webster]
              It is a sin offering for the congregation. --Lev.
                                                    iv. 21.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. (R. C. Ch.)
        (a) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as
            intrusted some department of the church business; as,
            the Congregation of the Propaganda, which has charge
            of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church.
        (b) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision
            of a monastic order.
            [1913 Webster]
     6. The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or
        Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. (Scotch Church Hist.) the name assumed by the Protestant
        party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves
        (1557) Lords of the Congregation.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a group of people who adhere to a common faith and
           habitually attend a given church [syn: congregation,
           fold, faithful]
      2: an assemblage of people or animals or things collected
         together; "a congregation of children pleaded for his
         autograph"; "a great congregation of birds flew over"
      3: the act of congregating [syn: congregation, congregating]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

     (Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community
     (Num. 15:15). Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and
     upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in
     the land, if circumcised, were, with certain exceptions (Ex.
     12:19; Num. 9:14; Deut. 23:1-3), admitted to the privileges of
     citizenship, and spoken of as members of the congregation (Ex.
     12:19; Num. 9:14; 15:15). The congregation were summonded
     together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at
     the door of the tabernacle (Num. 10:3). These assemblies were
     convened for the purpose of engaging in solemn religious
     services (Ex. 12:27; Num. 25:6; Joel 2:15), or of receiving new
     commandments (Ex. 19:7, 8). The elders, who were summonded by
     the sound of one trumpet (Num. 10:4), represented on various
     occasions the whole congregation (Ex. 3:16; 12:21; 17:5; 24:1).
       After the conquest of Canaan, the people were assembled only
     on occasions of the highest national importance (Judg. 20; 2
     Chr. 30:5; 34:29; 1 Sam. 10:17; 2 Sam. 5:1-5; 1 Kings 12:20; 2
     Kings 11:19; 21:24; 23:30). In subsequent times the congregation
     was represented by the Sanhedrim; and the name synagogue,
     applied in the Septuagint version exclusively to the
     congregation, came to be used to denote the places of worship
     established by the Jews. (See CHURCH.)
       In Acts 13:43, where alone it occurs in the New Testament, it
     is the same word as that rendered "synagogue" (q.v.) in ver. 42,
     and is so rendered in ver. 43 in R.V.

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229