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7 definitions found
 for color
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Color \Col"or\ (k[u^]l"[~e]r), n. [Written also colour.] [OF.
     color, colur, colour, F. couleur, L. color; prob. akin to
     celare to conceal (the color taken as that which covers). See
     1. A property depending on the relations of light to the eye,
        by which individual and specific differences in the hues
        and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay
        colors; sad colors, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: The sensation of color depends upon a peculiar function
           of the retina or optic nerve, in consequence of which
           rays of light produce different effects according to
           the length of their waves or undulations, waves of a
           certain length producing the sensation of red, shorter
           waves green, and those still shorter blue, etc. White,
           or ordinary, light consists of waves of various lengths
           so blended as to produce no effect of color, and the
           color of objects depends upon their power to absorb or
           reflect a greater or less proportion of the rays which
           fall upon them.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. Any hue distinguished from white or black.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. The hue or color characteristic of good health and
        spirits; ruddy complexion.
        [1913 Webster]
              Give color to my pale cheek.          --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as,
        oil colors or water colors.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. That which covers or hides the real character of anything;
        semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance.
        [1913 Webster]
              They had let down the boat into the sea, under color
              as though they would have cast anchors out of the
              foreship.                             --Acts xxvii.
        [1913 Webster]
              That he should die is worthy policy;
              But yet we want a color for his death. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. Shade or variety of character; kind; species.
        [1913 Webster]
              Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this
              color.                                --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol
        (usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship
        or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the
        cap and jacket worn by the jockey).
        [1913 Webster]
              In the United States each regiment of infantry and
              artillery has two colors, one national and one
              regimental.                           --Farrow.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. (Law) An apparent right; as where the defendant in
        trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by
        stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from
        the jury to the court. --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Color is express when it is averred in the pleading,
           and implied when it is implied in the pleading.
           [1913 Webster]
     Body color. See under Body.
     Color blindness, total or partial inability to distinguish
        or recognize colors. See Daltonism.
     Complementary color, one of two colors so related to each
        other that when blended together they produce white light;
        -- so called because each color makes up to the other what
        it lacks to make it white. Artificial or pigment colors,
        when mixed, produce effects differing from those of the
        primary colors, in consequence of partial absorption.
     Of color (as persons, races, etc.), not of the white race;
        -- commonly meaning, esp. in the United States, of negro
        blood, pure or mixed.
     Primary colors, those developed from the solar beam by the
        prism, viz., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and
        violet, which are reduced by some authors to three, --
        red, green, and violet-blue. These three are sometimes
        called fundamental colors.
     Subjective color or Accidental color, a false or spurious
        color seen in some instances, owing to the persistence of
        the luminous impression upon the retina, and a gradual
        change of its character, as where a wheel perfectly white,
        and with a circumference regularly subdivided, is made to
        revolve rapidly over a dark object, the teeth of the wheel
        appear to the eye of different shades of color varying
        with the rapidity of rotation. See Accidental colors,
        under Accidental.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Color \Col"or\, v. i.
     To acquire color; to turn red, especially in the face; to
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Color \Col"or\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Colored; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Coloring.] [F. colorer.]
     1. To change or alter the hue or tint of, by dyeing,
        staining, painting, etc.; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to
        [1913 Webster]
              The rays, to speak properly, are not colored; in
              them there is nothing else than a certain power and
              disposition to stir up a sensation of this or that
              color.                                --Sir I.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. To change or alter, as if by dyeing or painting; to give a
        false appearance to; usually, to give a specious
        appearance to; to cause to appear attractive; to make
        plausible; to palliate or excuse; as, the facts were
        colored by his prejudices.
        [1913 Webster]
              He colors the falsehood of [AE]neas by an express
              command from Jupiter to forsake the queen. --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. To hide. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              That by his fellowship he color might
              Both his estate and love from skill of any wight.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      adj 1: having or capable of producing colors; "color film"; "he
             rented a color television"; "marvelous color
             illustrations" [syn: color, colour] [ant: black and
             white(p), black-and-white]
      n 1: a visual attribute of things that results from the light
           they emit or transmit or reflect; "a white color is made up
           of many different wavelengths of light" [syn: color,
           colour, coloring, colouring] [ant: achromaticity,
           achromatism, colorlessness, colourlessness]
      2: interest and variety and intensity; "the Puritan Period was
         lacking in color"; "the characters were delineated with
         exceptional vividness" [syn: color, colour, vividness]
      3: the timbre of a musical sound; "the recording fails to
         capture the true color of the original music" [syn: color,
         colour, coloration, colouration]
      4: a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race
         (especially Blacks) [syn: color, colour, people of
         color, people of colour]
      5: an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately
         misleading; "he hoped his claims would have a semblance of
         authenticity"; "he tried to give his falsehood the gloss of
         moral sanction"; "the situation soon took on a different
         color" [syn: semblance, gloss, color, colour]
      6: any material used for its color; "she used a different color
         for the trim" [syn: coloring material, colouring
         material, color, colour]
      7: (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their
         role in the strong interaction; "each flavor of quarks comes
         in three colors" [syn: color, colour]
      8: the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in
         terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or
         brightness) and saturation [syn: color, colour]
      v 1: add color to; "The child colored the drawings"; "Fall
           colored the trees"; "colorize black and white film" [syn:
           color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize,
           colour, color in, colour in] [ant: discolor]
      2: affect as in thought or feeling; "My personal feelings color
         my judgment in this case"; "The sadness tinged his life"
         [syn: tinge, color, colour, distort]
      3: modify or bias; "His political ideas color his lectures"
         [syn: color, colour]
      4: decorate with colors; "color the walls with paint in warm
         tones" [syn: color, colour, emblazon]
      5: give a deceptive explanation or excuse for; "color a lie"
         [syn: color, colour, gloss]
      6: change color, often in an undesired manner; "The shirts
         discolored" [syn: discolor, discolour, colour, color]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  1006 Moby Thesaurus words for "color":
     Adrianople red, Alice blue, Arabian red, Argos brown, Bordeaux,
     Brunswick black, Brunswick blue, Burgundy, Capri blue,
     Cassel yellow, Chinese blue, Chinese white, Claude tint,
     Cologne brown, Columbian red, Congo rubine, Copenhagen blue,
     Dresden blue, Dutch orange, Egyptian green, English red,
     French blue, French gray, Gobelin blue, Goya, Guinea green,
     India pink, Indian red, Irish green, Janus green, Kelly green,
     Kendal green, Kildare green, Klangfarbe, Lincoln green,
     Majolica earth, Mars orange, Mars violet, Mexican red, Mitis green,
     Montpellier green, Nile green, Paris green, Paris yellow,
     Persian blue, Persian red, Pompeian blue, Prussian blue,
     Prussian red, Quaker green, Roman umber, Saint Benoit, Saxe blue,
     Saxony green, Schweinfurt green, Spanish green, Spanish ocher,
     Tanagra, Tangier ocher, Technicolor, Titian, Turkey red,
     Turkey umber, Tyrian purple, Vandyke red, Vienna green,
     Wedgwood blue, Wedgwood green, absinthe, acid yellow, acier, acorn,
     acting, action, adjunct, adorn, adornment, affect, affectation,
     air, alabaster, alesan, alibi, alizarin brown, allow for,
     allowance, amber, amethyst, amidonaphthol red, anagnorisis,
     aniline black, aniline blue, annatto, anthracene brown,
     anthragallol, antique brown, antique gold, any color, apology,
     appearance, apple green, apply paint, apricot, aqua green,
     aquamarine, architectonics, architecture, argument, arrangement,
     array, arsenic yellow, ash, ash gray, atmosphere, attitude,
     attitudinizing, aureolin, autumn leaf, avocado green, azo blue,
     azo-orange, azulene, azure, azurite blue, baby blue, background,
     badge, balance, banner, barium sulfate, bat, bearing, beautify,
     bedaub, bedeck, bedizen, begild, belie, bend, benzoazurine, beryl,
     beryl green, besmear, besprinkle, bias, bice, biscuit, bister,
     blanc fixe, blanch, blazon, bleu celeste, blind, blond, blood,
     blue black, blue turquoise, bluff, bluffing, blush, bone black,
     bone brown, bottle green, bracken, brand, breathe, breed, brew,
     bright color, bright rose, brightness, brilliance, brow,
     brush on paint, brushwork, buff, bunny brown, burgee, burgundy,
     burlesque, burnt Roman ocher, burnt almond, burnt carmine,
     burnt ocher, burnt rose, burnt sienna, butter, cadet blue,
     cadmium orange, cadmium yellow, cafe noir, calamine blue,
     calcimine, camouflage, canary, carbon black, cardinal, caricature,
     carmine, carnation, carnelian, carotene, carriage, cartoon, cast,
     cast of countenance, catastrophe, celadon, censor, cerulean, chalk,
     chamois, champagne, change color, character, characterization,
     charcoal, chartreuse, chartreuse green, chartreuse tint,
     chartreuse yellow, cheating, chestnut, chrome, chrome black,
     chrome lemon, chrome orange, chrome oxide green, chrome red,
     chrome yellow, chromogen, chrysophenin, chrysoprase green,
     ciba blue, cinder gray, cinnabar, citron green, civette green,
     clan, clang color, claret, clematis, cloak, cloud gray, coat,
     coat of paint, coating, cobalt, cobalt green, cochineal, coconut,
     color filter, color gelatin, color patterns, color up, colorant,
     colorfulness, coloring, colors, complexion, complication,
     composition, conceal, continuity, contrivance, copper, copper red,
     coptic, copy, corbeau, cordovan, cornflower, countenance, cover,
     cover story, cover-up, cramoisie, crash, crayon, cream, cresol red,
     crimson, crocus, crosshatch, crystal gray, cucumber green, cyan,
     cyanine blue, cypress green, dab, dahlia, damask, damson,
     dandelion, dandify, darken, dash off, daub, dead leaf, dead-color,
     deception, deck, deck out, decoct, decontamination, decor,
     decorate, decoration, deep-dye, delft blue, delineate, delusion,
     demeanor, denomination, denouement, depict, description, design,
     designation, development, device, diagram, diminish, dip, disguise,
     dispose, dissemblance, dissembling, dissimulation, distemper,
     distort, dizen, doeskin, doll up, doodle, double-dye, dove gray,
     drab, draft, draftsmanship, draw, dredge, dress, dress up, drier,
     drop black, duck green, dun, dye, dyestuff, ease, edit, eggshell,
     elaboration, embellish, embellishment, emblazon, emblazonment,
     emblazonry, emblem, embroider, embroidery, emerald, emeraude,
     enamel, engild, enrich, ensign, entincture, episode, erythema,
     exaggerate, excuse, extenuate, extenuating circumstances,
     extenuation, extenuative, exterior paint, fable, facade, face,
     facial appearance, faded rose, fake, fakery, faking,
     falling action, false air, false front, false show, falsify,
     falsity, fast-dye, favor, feather, feature, features, feigning,
     feint, fiesta, fig out, fir, fire red, fix up, flag, flame,
     flat coat, flat wash, flavor, flax, flesh, flesh color, flesh red,
     floor enamel, floridity, floridness, flourish, flower arrangement,
     flush, foliage brown, form, four-flushing, fox, fraud, fresco,
     front, frown, fuchsia, fuchsine, fudge, furbish,
     furniture arrangement, gaiety, gamboge, garb, garble, garnish,
     garnishment, garniture, garter blue, genre, genus, gild, gilding,
     gilt, gimmick, glare, glauconite, glaucous, glaucous blue,
     glaucous gray, glaucous green, glaze, gloss, gloss over, glow,
     glower, gnarl, golden pheasant, gonfalon, gorgeousness, grace,
     grain, grape, grass green, green ocher, grege, ground, grouping,
     grow red, growl, guise, gules, gun metal, gussy up, handle, hatch,
     hazel, helianthin, heliotrope, henna, high color, holly green,
     honey, honey yellow, hue, humbug, humbuggery, hyacinth,
     hyacinth red, identification, identity, ignore, ilk, illuminate,
     illumination, imbrue, imbue, imperial purple, imposture,
     impregnate, incarnadine, incident, incline, indigo, indigo white,
     induce, infiltrate, influence, infrared, infuse, ingrain, instill,
     intensity, interior paint, iron gray, iron red, isamine blue,
     ivory, ivory black, jack, jade, japan, jockey, jonquil,
     jouvence blue, kidney, kin, kind, label, lacquer, lake,
     lame excuse, lampblack, lapis lazuli blue, lavender, lavender blue,
     lay on color, lead, lead gray, leaf green, leather, leaven,
     lemon chrome, lessen, light red, lilac, limn, line, lineaments,
     lines, liver brown, livid pink, lobster, local color, locus standi,
     look black, look daggers, looks, lot, lower, loyalties, madder,
     madder blue, madder crimson, madder lake, madder orange,
     madder pink, madder rose, madder yellow, magenta, magnify, maize,
     make, make allowance for, malachite green, mallow, mallow pink,
     mandarin, manner, mantle, maple sugar, marigold, marine blue, mark,
     maroon, mask, masquerade, massicot, mauve, meadow brook, medium,
     melon, meretriciousness, metanil yellow, methyl green,
     methyl orange, methyl yellow, methylene azure, methylene blue,
     mien, mignonette, milori green, mince, miscite, miscolor,
     misconstrue, misdirect, misinterpret, misquote, misrender,
     misreport, misrepresent, misstate, misteach, misuse, mitigate,
     mitigation, mold, moleskin, monsignor, mood, moonlight, moss green,
     motif, mouse gray, move, movement, mulberry, mummy, murrey, myrtle,
     mythos, naphthol yellow, nature, navy, navy blue, negro,
     neutral tint, new blue, number, ocher brown, ocher orange,
     ocher red, oil yellow, old blue, old gold, old ivory, old red,
     olive, olive brown, olivesheen, opal gray, opaque color,
     orange chrome yellow, orange lead, orange madder, orange mineral,
     orange ocher, orchid, orchid rose, oriflamme, oriole, ornament,
     ornamentation, orpiment, orpiment red, ostensible motive,
     ostentation, otter brown, outward show, overcharge, overdraw,
     overpaint, overstate, oxblood, oxide brown, pad, paint,
     paint a picture, painterliness, pale, palladium red, palliate,
     palliation, palliative, pansy, pansy violet, parget, parody,
     parrot green, partridge, patina green, peach, peachblossom pink,
     peacock blue, pearl, pearl gray, pebble, pelican, pencil,
     penetrate, pennant, pennon, pepper-and-salt, peripeteia, permeate,
     perspective, persuade, persuasion, pervade, pervert, philamot,
     phosphine, phylum, physiognomy, picture, picturize, pigment,
     pigmentation, pink, plan, platinum, plausibility, playacting, plot,
     plum, plumbago gray, pompadour green, ponceau, pontiff purple,
     poor excuse, poppy, port, portray, pose, posing, position, posture,
     powder blue, powder gray, prank, prank up, predispose, preen,
     presence, pretense, pretension, pretext, prettify, prime,
     prime coat, primer, priming, primp, primp up, primrose,
     primuline yellow, prink, prink up, prompt, protestation,
     public motive, puce, pumpkin, pure color, purple lake, purree,
     put-off, put-on, pyrethrum yellow, qualification, quince yellow,
     race, raisin, raw sienna, raw umber, realgar, realgar orange,
     recognition, red, red lead, red ocher, red pink, red race, redden,
     reddishness, redecorate, redness, redo, refuge, refurbish,
     regal purple, representation, reseda, resorcin dark brown,
     richness, rising action, roan, roccellin, rose, rose pink, rouge,
     royal pink, royal purple, rubine, rubor, ruby, ruddle, rufosity,
     russet, saffron, salmon, sand, sap green, saturate, saturation,
     scarlet madder, scheme, scowl, scratch, screen, scumble, sea blue,
     sea-water green, seal, season, secondary plot, seeming, semblance,
     serpentine green, set off, set out, shade, shading, shadow, sham,
     shamrock, shape, shell pink, shellac, shocking pink, show, silver,
     simulacrum, simulation, sketch, sky blue, slant, slop on paint,
     slur over, smalt, smarten, smarten up, smear, smoke blue,
     smoke gray, smoke screen, snap, snapdragon, snarl, soft-pedal,
     soften, soften up, softening, solferino, sort, species,
     speciousness, spit, spruce up, squirm with self-consciousness,
     stain, stalking-horse, stammel, stammer, stamp, stance, stand,
     standard, steel blue, steel gray, steep, stencil,
     stil-de-grain yellow, stipple, story, strain, stratagem, straw,
     strawberry, streamer, stripe, structure, style, subject, subplot,
     subterfuge, suffuse, sulfur, sunflower yellow, suntan, sway,
     switch, symbols, taint, tangerine, tartrazine, taupe, tawny,
     tea rose, technique, temper, tempera, tenne, terra cotta,
     terra sienna, terra umbra, terre-verte, the like of, the likes of,
     thematic development, theme, thinner, timbre, tinct, tinction,
     tincture, tinge, tint, titivate, toast, toluidine red, tonality,
     tone, tone color, tone quality, topaz, topic, torture, trace,
     traits, transfuse, transparent color, travesty, treatment, tribe,
     trick, trick out, trick up, trim, trimming, trypan blue, turn,
     turn color, turn pale, turn red, turpentine, turps, turquoise,
     twist, type, ultramarine, umber, undercoat, undercoating,
     understate, values, variety, varnish, vehicle, veil, verd gay,
     verdant green, verdet, verdigris, vermilionette, violet, viridian,
     viridine green, visage, vividness, warp, wash, wash coat,
     wear down, weigh with, white lead, whiten, whitewash, whitewashing,
     window dressing, wine, wine purple, woad, work, wrench, xanthene,
     xanthin, yellow madder, yellow ocher, zaffer, zinc orange,
     zinc oxide, zinc sulfide, zinc white

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

      (US "color") Colours are usually represented as
     RGB triples in a digital image because this corresponds
     most closely to the electronic signals needed to drive a
     CRT.++Several+equivalent+systems+("{colour+models">CRT.  Several equivalent systems ("{colour models") exist,
     e.g. HSB.  A colour image may be stored as three separate
     images, one for each of red, green, and blue, or each pixel
     may encode the colour using separate bit-fields for each
     colour component, or each pixel may store a logical colour
     number which is looked up in a hardware colour palette to
     find the colour to display.
     Printers may use the CMYK or Pantone representations of
     colours as well as RGB.

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  COLOR, pleading. It is of two kinds, namely, express color, and implied 
       2. Express color. This is defined to be a feigned matter, pleaded by 
  the defendant, in an action of trespass, from which the plaintiff seems to 
  have a good cause of action, whereas he has in truth only an appearance or 
  color of cause. The practice of giving express color in pleas, obtained in 
  the mixed actions of assize, the writ of entry in the nature of assize, as 
  well as in the personal action of trespass. Steph. on Plead. 230; Bac. Ab. 
  Trespass, 14. 
       3. It is a general rule in pleading that no man shall be allowed to 
  plead specially such plea as amounts to the general issue, or a total denial 
  of the charges contained in the declaration, and must in such cases plead 
  the general issue in terms, by which the whole question is referred to the 
  jury; yet, if the defendant in an action of trespass, be desirous to refer 
  the validity of his title to the court, rather than to the jury; he may in 
  his plea stated his title specially, by expressly giving color of title to 
  the plaintiff, or supposing him to have an appearance of title, had indeed 
  in point of law, but of which the jury are not competent judges. 3 Bl. Com. 
  309. Suppose, for example, that the plaintiff wag in wrongful possession of 
  the close, without any further appearance of title than the possession 
  itself, at the time of the trespass alleged, and that the defendants, 
  entered upon him in assertion of their title: but being unable to set forth 
  this title in the pleading, in consequence of the objection that would arise 
  for want of color, are driven to plead the general issue of not guilty. By 
  this plea an issue is produced whether the defendants are-guilty or not of 
  the trespass; but upon the trial of the issue, it will be found that the 
  question turns entirely upon a construction of law. The defendants say they 
  are not guilty of the trespasses, because they are not guilty of breaking 
  the close of the plaintiff, as alleged in the declaration; and that they are 
  not guilty of breaking the close of the plaintiff, because they themselves 
  had the property in that close; and their title is. this, that the father of 
  one of the defendants being seised of the close in fee, gave it in tail to 
  his eldest son, remainder in tail to one of the defendants; the eldest son 
  was disseised, but made continual claim till the death of the disseisor; 
  after whose death, the descent being cast upon the heir, the disseisee 
  entered upon the heir, and afterwards died, when the remainder took effect 
  in the said defendant who demised to the other defendant. Now, this title 
  involves a legal question; namely, whether continual claim will no preserve 
  the right of entry in the disseisee, notwithstanding a descent cast on the 
  heir of the disseisor. (See as to this point, Continual Claim.) The issue 
  however is merely not guilty, and this is triable by jury; and the effect, 
  therefore, would be, that a jury would have to decide this question of law, 
  subject to the direction upon it, which they would receive from the court. 
  But, let it be supposed that the defendants, in a view to the more 
  satisfactory decision of the question, wish to bring it under the 
  consideration of the court in bank, rather than have it referred to a jury. 
  If they have any means of setting forth their title specially in the plea, 
  the object will be attained; for then the plaintiff, if disposed to question 
  the sufficiently of the title, may demur to the plea, and thus refer the 
  question to the decision of the judges. But such plea if pleaded simply, 
  according to the state of the fact, would be informal for want of color; and 
  hence arises a difficulty. 
       4. The pleaders of former days, contrived to overcome this difficulty 
  in the following singular manner. In such case as that supposed, the plea 
  wanting implied color, they gave in lieu of it an express one, by inserting 
  a fictitious allegation of some colorable title in the plaintiff, which 
  they, at the same time avoided by the preferable title of the defendant. S 
  Step. Pl. 225 Brown's Entr. 343, for a form of the plea. Plowd. Rep. 22 b. 
       5. Formerly various suggestions of apparent right, might be adopted 
  according to the fancy of the pleader; and though the same latitude is, 
  perhaps, still available, yet, in practice, it is unusual to resort to any 
  except certain known fictions, which long usage has applied to the 
  particular case for example, in trespass to land, the color universally 
  given is that of a defective charter of the demise. See, in general, 2 
  Saund. 410; 10 Co. 88; Cro. Eliz. 76; 1 East, 215; Doct. Pl. 17; Doct. & 
  Stud. lib. 2, c. 53; Bac. Abr. Pleas, I 8; Trespass, I 4; 1 Chit. Pl. 500 
  Steph. on Pl. 220. 
       6. Implied color. That in pleading which admits by implication, an 
  apparent right in the opposite party, and avoids it by pleading some new 
  matter by which that apparent right is defeated. Steph. Pl. 225. 
       7. It is a rule that every pleading by way of confession and avoidance, 
  must give color; that is, it must admit an apparent right in the opposite 
  party, and rely, therefore, on some new matter by which that apparent right 
  is defeated. For example, where the defendant pleads a release to an action 
  for breach of covenant, the tendency of the plea is to admit an apparent 
  right in the plaintiff, namely, that the defendant did, as alleged in the 
  declaration, execute the deed and break the covenant therein contained, and 
  would therefore, prima facie, be liable on that ground; but shows new matter 
  not before disclosed, by which that apparent right is done away, namely, 
  that the plaintiff executed to him a release. Again, if the plaintiff reply 
  that Such release was obtained by duress, in his, replication, he impliedly 
  admits that the defendant has, prima facie, a good defence, namely, that 
  such release was executed as alleged in the plea; and that the defendant 
  therefore would be discharged; but relies on new matter by which the plea is 
  avoided, namely, that the release was obtained by duress. The plea, in this 
  case, therefore, gives color to the declaration, and the replication, to the 
  plea. But let it be supposed that the plaintiff has replied, that the 
  release was executed by him, but to another person, and not to the 
  defendant; this would be an informal replication wanting color; because, if 
  the release were not to the defendant there would not exist even an apparent 
  defence, requiring the allegation of new matter to avoid it, and the plea 
  might be sufficiently answered by a traverse, denying that the deed stated 
  in the plea is the deed of the plaintiff. See Steph. Pl. 220; 1 Chit. Pl. 
  498; Lawes, Civ. Pl. 126; Arch. Pl. 211; Doct. Pl. 17; 4 Vin. Abr. 552; Bac. 
  Abr. Pleas, &e. I 8; Com. Dig. Pleader, 3 M 40, 3-M 41. See an example of 
  giving color in pleading in the Roman law, Inst. lib. 4, tit 14, De 

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