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3 definitions found
 for cognation
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cognation \Cog*na"tion\, n. [L. cognatio.]
     1. Relationship by blood; descent from the same original;
        kindred.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              As by our cognation to the body of the first Adam.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Participation of the same nature. --Sir T. Browne.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A like temper and cognation.          --Sir K.
                                                    Digby.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Law) That tie of consanguinity which exists between
        persons descended from the same mother; -- used in
        distinction from agnation.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  cognation
      n 1: line of descent traced through the maternal side of the
           family [syn: matrilineage, enation, cognation]
      2: (anthropology) related by blood [syn: consanguinity, blood
         kinship, cognation] [ant: affinity]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  COGNATION, civil law. Signifies generally the kindred which exists between 
  two persons who are united by ties of blood or family, or both. 
       2. Cognation is of three kinds: natural, civil, or mixed. Natural 
  cognation is that which is alone formed by ties of blood; such is the 
  kindred of those who owe their origin to an illicit connexion, either in 
  relation to their ascendants or collaterals. 
       3. Civil cognation is that which proceeds alone from the ties of 
  families as the kindred between the adopted father and the adopted child. 
       4. Mixed cognation is that which unites at the same time the ties of 
  blood and family, as that which exists between brothers, the issue of the 
  same lawful marriage. 6; Dig. 38, 10. 
  
  

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