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5 definitions found
 for black death
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Death \Death\ (d[e^]th), n. [OE. deth, dea[eth], AS.
     de['a][eth]; akin to OS. d[=o][eth], D. dood, G. tod, Icel.
     dau[eth]i, Sw. & Dan. d["o]d, Goth. dau[thorn]us; from a verb
     meaning to die. See Die, v. i., and cf. Dead.]
     1. The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of
        resuscitation, either in animals or plants.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Local death is going on at all times and in all parts
           of the living body, in which individual cells and
           elements are being cast off and replaced by new; a
           process essential to life. General death is of two
           kinds; death of the body as a whole (somatic or
           systemic death), and death of the tissues. By the
           former is implied the absolute cessation of the
           functions of the brain, the circulatory and the
           respiratory organs; by the latter the entire
           disappearance of the vital actions of the ultimate
           structural constituents of the body. When death takes
           place, the body as a whole dies first, the death of the
           tissues sometimes not occurring until after a
           considerable interval. --Huxley.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Total privation or loss; extinction; cessation; as, the
        death of memory.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The death of a language can not be exactly compared
              with the death of a plant.            --J. Peile.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Manner of dying; act or state of passing from life.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A death that I abhor.                 --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Let me die the death of the righteous. --Num. xxiii.
                                                    10.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Cause of loss of life.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Swiftly flies the feathered death.    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He caught his death the last county sessions.
                                                    --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Personified: The destroyer of life, -- conventionally
        represented as a skeleton with a scythe.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Death! great proprietor of all.       --Young.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And I looked, and behold a pale horse; and his name
              that sat on him was Death.            --Rev. vi. 8.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Danger of death. "In deaths oft." --2 Cor. xi. 23.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. Murder; murderous character.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Not to suffer a man of death to live. --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Theol.) Loss of spiritual life.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To be carnally minded is death.       --Rom. viii.
                                                    6.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Anything so dreadful as to be like death.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It was death to them to think of entertaining such
              doctrines.                            --Atterbury.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And urged him, so that his soul was vexed unto
              death.                                --Judg. xvi.
                                                    16.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Death is much used adjectively and as the first part of
           a compound, meaning, in general, of or pertaining to
           death, causing or presaging death; as, deathbed or
           death bed; deathblow or death blow, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Black death. See Black death, in the Vocabulary.
  
     Civil death, the separation of a man from civil society, or
        the debarring him from the enjoyment of civil rights, as
        by banishment, attainder, abjuration of the realm,
        entering a monastery, etc. --Blackstone.
  
     Death adder. (Zool.)
        (a) A kind of viper found in South Africa ({Acanthophis
            tortor); -- so called from the virulence of its
            venom.
        (b) A venomous Australian snake of the family
            Elapid[ae], of several species, as the
            Hoplocephalus superbus and Acanthopis antarctica.
            
  
     Death bell, a bell that announces a death.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The death bell thrice was heard to ring. --Mickle.
  
     Death candle, a light like that of a candle, viewed by the
        superstitious as presaging death.
  
     Death damp, a cold sweat at the coming on of death.
  
     Death fire, a kind of ignis fatuus supposed to forebode
        death.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And round about in reel and rout,
              The death fires danced at night.      --Coleridge.
  
     Death grapple, a grapple or struggle for life.
  
     Death in life, a condition but little removed from death; a
        living death. [Poetic] "Lay lingering out a five years'
        death in life." --Tennyson.
  
     Death rate, the relation or ratio of the number of deaths
        to the population.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              At all ages the death rate is higher in towns than
              in rural districts.                   --Darwin.
  
     Death rattle, a rattling or gurgling in the throat of a
        dying person.
  
     Death's door, the boundary of life; the partition dividing
        life from death.
  
     Death stroke, a stroke causing death.
  
     Death throe, the spasm of death.
  
     Death token, the signal of approaching death.
  
     Death warrant.
        (a) (Law) An order from the proper authority for the
            execution of a criminal.
        (b) That which puts an end to expectation, hope, or joy.
            
  
     Death wound.
        (a) A fatal wound or injury.
        (b) (Naut.) The springing of a fatal leak.
  
     Spiritual death (Scripture), the corruption and perversion
        of the soul by sin, with the loss of the favor of God.
  
     The gates of death, the grave.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? --Job
                                                    xxxviii. 17.
  
     The second death, condemnation to eternal separation from
        God. --Rev. ii. 11.
  
     To be the death of, to be the cause of death to; to make
        die. "It was one who should be the death of both his
        parents." --Milton.
  
     Syn: Death, Decease, Demise, Departure, Release.
  
     Usage: Death applies to the termination of every form of
            existence, both animal and vegetable; the other words
            only to the human race. Decease is the term used in
            law for the removal of a human being out of life in
            the ordinary course of nature. Demise was formerly
            confined to decease of princes, but is now sometimes
            used of distinguished men in general; as, the demise
            of Mr. Pitt. Departure and release are peculiarly
            terms of Christian affection and hope. A violent death
            is not usually called a decease. Departure implies a
            friendly taking leave of life. Release implies a
            deliverance from a life of suffering or sorrow.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Black death \Black" death`\
     A pestilence which ravaged Europe and Asia in the fourteenth
     century.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Bubonic plague \Bubonic plague\ (Med.)
     a severe and often fatal disease caused by infection with the
     bacterium Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis),
     transmitted to man by the bite of fleas, themselves usually
     infected by biting infected rodents. It is characterized by
     the formation of buboes, most notably on the groin and
     armpits, and accompanied by weakness and high fever. The
     disease was known as the black death, and was responsible
     for several devastating plagues throughout the middle ages.
     When lungs became infected, the disease was called the
     pneumonic plague. It is still found occasionally in poor
     areas of undeveloped countries but is rare in developed
     countries.
     [PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Black Death
      n 1: the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the
           Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of
           western Europe [syn: Black Death, Black Plague]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  151 Moby Thesaurus words for "black death":
     African lethargy, Asiatic cholera, Chagres fever, German measles,
     Haverhill fever, acute articular rheumatism, ague, alkali disease,
     ambulatory plague, amebiasis, amebic dysentery, anthrax,
     bacillary dysentery, bastard measles, black fever, black plague,
     blackwater fever, breakbone fever, brucellosis, bubonic plague,
     cachectic fever, cellulocutaneous plague, cerebral rheumatism,
     chicken pox, cholera, cowpox, dandy fever, deer fly fever,
     defervescing plague, dengue, dengue fever, diphtheria,
     dumdum fever, dysentery, elephantiasis, encephalitis lethargica,
     enteric fever, epidemic, epiphytotic, epizootic, erysipelas,
     famine fever, five-day fever, flu, frambesia, glandular fever,
     glandular plague, grippe, hansenosis, hemorrhagic plague,
     hepatitis, herpes, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, histoplasmosis,
     hookworm, hydrophobia, infantile paralysis,
     infectious mononucleosis, inflammatory rheumatism, influenza,
     jail fever, jungle rot, kala azar, kissing disease, larval plague,
     lepra, leprosy, leptospirosis, loa loa, loaiasis, lockjaw, madness,
     malaria, malarial fever, marsh fever, measles, meningitis,
     milzbrand, mumps, murrain, ornithosis, osteomyelitis, pandemia,
     pandemic, paratyphoid fever, parotitis, parrot fever, pertussis,
     pest, pesthole, pestilence, plague, plague spot, pneumonia,
     pneumonic plague, polio, poliomyelitis, polyarthritis rheumatism,
     ponos, premonitory plague, psittacosis, rabbit fever, rabies,
     rat-bite fever, relapsing fever, rheumatic fever, rickettsialpox,
     ringworm, rubella, rubeola, scarlatina, scarlet fever,
     schistosomiasis, scourge, septic sore throat, septicemic plague,
     shingles, siderating plague, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness,
     smallpox, snail fever, splenic fever, spotted fever, strep throat,
     swamp fever, tetanus, thrush, tinea, trench fever, trench mouth,
     tuberculosis, tularemia, typhoid, typhoid fever, typhus,
     typhus fever, undulant fever, vaccinia, varicella, variola,
     venereal disease, viral dysentery, white plague, whooping cough,
     yaws, yellow fever, yellow jack, zona, zoster
  
  

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