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4 definitions found
 for accessary
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Accessary \Ac*ces"sa*ry\ (#; 277), a.
     Accompanying, as a subordinate; additional; accessory; esp.,
     uniting in, or contributing to, a crime, but not as chief
     actor. See Accessory.
     [1913 Webster]
           To both their deaths thou shalt be accessary. --Shak.
     [1913 Webster]
           Amongst many secondary and accessary causes that
           support monarchy, these are not of least reckoning.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Accessary \Ac*ces"sa*ry\ (277), n.; pl. Accessaries. [Cf.
     Accessory and LL. accessarius.] (Law)
     One who, not being present, contributes as an assistant or
     instigator to the commission of an offense.
     [1913 Webster]
     Accessary before the fact (Law), one who commands or
        counsels an offense, not being present at its commission.
     Accessary after the fact, one who, after an offense,
        assists or shelters the offender, not being present at the
        commission of the offense.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: This word, as used in law, is spelt accessory by
           Blackstone and many others; but in this sense is spelt
           accessary by Bouvier, Burrill, Burns, Whishaw, Dane,
           and the Penny Cyclopedia; while in other senses it is
           spelt accessory. In recent text-books on criminal law
           the distinction is not preserved, the spelling being
           either accessary or accessory.
           [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      adj 1: aiding and abetting in a crime; "he was charged with
             being accessory to the crime" [syn: accessary,
      n 1: someone who helps another person commit a crime [syn:
           accessory, accessary]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  ACCESSARY, criminal law. He who is not the chief actor in the perpetration
  of the offence, nor present at its performance, but is some way concerned
  therein, either before or after the fact committed.
       2. An accessary before the fact, is one who being absent at the time
  of, the crime committed, yet procures, counsels, or commands another to
  commit it. 1 Hale, P. C. 615. It is, proper to observe that when the act is
  committed through the agency of a person who has no legal discretion nor a
  will, as in the case of a child or an insane person, the incitor, though
  absent when the crime was committed, will be considered, not an accessary,
  for none can be accessary to the acts of a madman, but a principal in the
  first degree. Fost. 340; 1 P. C. 118.
       3. An accessary after the fact, is one who knowing a felony to have
  been committed, receives, relieves, comforts, or assists the felon. 4 Bl.
  Com. 37.
       4. No one who is a principal (q.v.) can be an accessary.
       5. In certain crimes, there can be no accessaries; all who are
  concerned are principals, whether they were present or absent at the time of
  their commission. These are treason, and all offences below the degree of
  felony.  1 Russ. 21, et seq.; 4 Bl. Com. 35 to 40; 1 Hale, P. C. 615; 1 Vin.
  Abr. 113; Hawk. P. C. b. 2, c. 29, s. 16; such is the English Law.  But
  whether it is law in the United States appears not to be determined as
  regards the cases of persons assisting traitors. Serg. Const. Law, 382; 4
  Cranch, R. 472, 501; United States v. Fries, Parnphl. 199.
       6. It is evident there can be no accessary when there is no principal;
  if a principal in a transaction be not liable under our laws, no one can be
  charged as a more accessary to him. 1 W.& M. 221.
       7. By the rules of the common law, accessaries cannot be tried without
  their consent, before the principals. Foster, 360. The evils resulting from
  this rule, are stated at length in the 8th vol. of Todd's Spencer, pp. 329,

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