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2 definitions found
 for Vegetable sulphur
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Sulphur \Sul"phur\, n. [L., better sulfur: cf. F. soufre.]
     1. (Chem.) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large
        quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as
        pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic
        regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy
        materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic
        weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral
        sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: It is purified by distillation, and is obtained as a
           lemon-yellow powder (by sublimation), called flour, or
           flowers, of sulphur, or in cast sticks called roll
           sulphur, or brimstone. It burns with a blue flame and a
           peculiar suffocating odor. It is an ingredient of
           gunpowder, is used on friction matches, and in medicine
           (as a laxative and insecticide), but its chief use is
           in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. Sulphur can be
           obtained in two crystalline modifications, in
           orthorhombic octahedra, or in monoclinic prisms, the
           former of which is the more stable at ordinary
           temperatures. Sulphur is the type, in its chemical
           relations, of a group of elements, including selenium
           and tellurium, called collectively the sulphur group,
           or family. In many respects sulphur resembles oxygen.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange
        butterflies of the subfamily Pierinae; as, the clouded
        sulphur ({Eurymus philodice syn. Colias philodice),
        which is the common yellow butterfly of the Eastern United
        [1913 Webster]
     Amorphous sulphur (Chem.), an elastic variety of sulphur of
        a resinous appearance, obtained by pouring melted sulphur
        into water. On standing, it passes back into a brittle
        crystalline modification.
     Liver of sulphur. (Old Chem.) See Hepar.
     Sulphur acid. (Chem.) See Sulphacid.
     Sulphur alcohol. (Chem.) See Mercaptan.
     Sulphur auratum [L.] (Old Chem.), a golden yellow powder,
        consisting of antimonic sulphide, Sb2S5, -- formerly a
        famous nostrum.
     Sulphur base (Chem.), an alkaline sulphide capable of
        acting as a base in the formation of sulphur salts
        according to the old dual theory of salts. [Archaic]
     Sulphur dioxide (Chem.), a colorless gas, SO2, of a
        pungent, suffocating odor, produced by the burning of
        sulphur. It is employed chiefly in the production of
        sulphuric acid, and as a reagent in bleaching; -- called
        also sulphurous anhydride, and formerly sulphurous
     Sulphur ether (Chem.), a sulphide of hydrocarbon radicals,
        formed like the ordinary ethers, which are oxides, but
        with sulphur in the place of oxygen.
     Sulphur salt (Chem.), a salt of a sulphacid; a sulphosalt.
     Sulphur showers, showers of yellow pollen, resembling
        sulphur in appearance, often carried from pine forests by
        the wind to a great distance.
     Sulphur trioxide (Chem.), a white crystalline solid, SO3,
        obtained by oxidation of sulphur dioxide. It dissolves in
        water with a hissing noise and the production of heat,
        forming sulphuric acid, and is employed as a dehydrating
        agent. Called also sulphuric anhydride, and formerly
        sulphuric acid.
     Sulphur whale. (Zool.) See Sulphur-bottom.
     Vegetable sulphur (Bot.), lycopodium powder. See under
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Vegetable \Veg`e*ta*ble\, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing,
     capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable,
     from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven,
     invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active,
     vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be
     lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E.
     wake, v. See Vigil, Wake, v.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or
        produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable
        growths, juices, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
              Blooming ambrosial fruit
              Of vegetable gold.                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable
        [1913 Webster]
     Vegetable alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid.
     Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.) See Vegetable sulphur, below.
     Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of several kinds of
        concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian
        butter tree, the African shea tree, and the Pentadesma
        butyracea, a tree of the order Guttiferae, also
        African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of
        cocoa ({Theobroma).
     Vegetable flannel, a textile material, manufactured in
        Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained
        from the leaves of the Pinus sylvestris.
     Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory.
     Vegetable jelly. See Pectin.
     Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.
     Vegetable leather.
        (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia
            punicea), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts.
        (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather.
     Vegetable marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly
        eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender
        quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable
        in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but
        is now thought to have been derived from a form of the
        American pumpkin.
     Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under
     Vegetable parchment, papyrine.
     Vegetable sheep (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia
        eximia) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large
        fleecy cushions on the mountains.
     Vegetable silk, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained
        from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree
        ({Chorisia speciosa). It is used for various purposes, as
        for stuffing cushions, and the like, but is incapable of
        being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the
     Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof.
     Vegetable sulphur, the fine and highly inflammable spores
        of the club moss ({Lycopodium clavatum); witch meal.
     Vegetable tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
        from various plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow,
        obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. Indian
        vegetable tallow is a name sometimes given to piney
     Vegetable wax, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of
        certain plants, as the bayberry.
        [1913 Webster]
        [1913 Webster]
     Vegetable kingdom (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of
        living things which includes all plants. The classes of
        the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by
        various botanists. The following is one of the best of the
        many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.
        [1913 Webster] I. Phaenogamia (called also
        Phanerogamia). Plants having distinct flowers and true
        seeds. [ 1. Dicotyledons (called also Exogens). --
        Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith,
        woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided
        into two subclasses: Angiosperms, having the woody fiber
        interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seeds
        contained in a true ovary; Gymnosperms, having few or no
        ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2.
        Monocotyledons (called also Endogens). -- Seeds with
        single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody
        fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.]
        [1913 Webster] II. Cryptogamia. Plants without true
        flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds,
        or by simple cell division. [ 1. Acrogens. -- Plants
        usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two
        alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and
        sporophoric, the other sexual and oophoric. Divided into
        Vascular Acrogens, or Pteridophyta, having the
        sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of
        vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and
        Cellular Acrogens, or Bryophyta, having the sexual
        plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue,
        as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. Thallogens. -- Plants
        without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple
        or branched mass of cellular tissue, or reduced to a
        single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into
        Algae, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and
        which live upon air and water, and Fungi, which contain
        no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are
        now believed to be fungi parasitic on included algae.]
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Many botanists divide the Phaenogamia primarily into
           Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into
           Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider
           Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes.
           Thallogens are variously divided by different writers,
           and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts
           are altogether uncertain.
           [1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the
           [1913 Webster]

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