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4 definitions found
 for Vegetable sponge
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Sponge \Sponge\ (sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L.
     spongia, Gr. spoggia`, spo`ggos. Cf. Fungus, Spunk.]
     [Formerly written also spunge.]
     1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiae, or
        Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongiae.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny
        Spongiae (Keratosa), used for many purposes, especially
        the varieties of the genus Spongia. The most valuable
        sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea,
        and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinacious and
        indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically:
        (a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
            after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the
            agency of the yeast or leaven.
        (b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
        (c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a
        discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with
        sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped
        nap, and having a handle, or staff.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering
        to the heel.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Bath sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse
        commercial sponges, especially Spongia equina.
  
     Cup sponge, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form.
        
  
     Glass sponge. See Glass-sponge, in the Vocabulary.
  
     Glove sponge, a variety of commercial sponge ({Spongia
        officinalis, variety tubulifera), having very fine
        fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies.
  
     Grass sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse
        commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted,
        as Spongia graminea, and Spongia equina, variety
        cerebriformis, of Florida and the West Indies.
  
     Horse sponge, a coarse commercial sponge, especially
        Spongia equina.
  
     Platinum sponge. (Chem.) See under Platinum.
  
     Pyrotechnical sponge, a substance made of mushrooms or
        fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then
        put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again
        dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder,
        brought from Germany.
  
     Sheep's-wool sponge, a fine and durable commercial sponge
        ({Spongia equina, variety gossypina) found in Florida and
        the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger and
        smaller tufts, having the oscula between them.
  
     Sponge cake, a kind of sweet cake which is light and
        spongy.
  
     Sponge lead, or Spongy lead (Chem.), metallic lead
        brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by
        compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary
        batteries and otherwise.
  
     Sponge tree (Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree ({Acacia
        Farnesiana), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are
        used in perfumery.
  
     Toilet sponge, a very fine and superior variety of
        Mediterranean sponge ({Spongia officinalis, variety
        Mediterranea); -- called also Turkish sponge.
  
     To set a sponge (Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour,
        to be used in leavening a larger quantity.
  
     To throw up the sponge, to give up a contest; to
        acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring,
        the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds
        throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat; -- now,
        throw in the towel is more common, and has the same
        origin and meaning. [Cant or Slang] "He was too brave a
        man to throw up the sponge to fate." --Lowell.
  
     Vegetable sponge. (Bot.) See Loof.
  
     Velvet sponge, a fine, soft commercial sponge ({Spongia
        equina, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the
        West Indies.
  
     Vitreous sponge. See Glass-sponge.
  
     Yellow sponge, a common and valuable commercial sponge
        ({Spongia agaricina, variety corlosia) found in Florida
        and the West Indies.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Loof \Loof\ (l[=oo]f), n. (Bot.)
     The spongelike fibers of the fruit of a cucurbitaceous plant
     ({Luffa Aegyptiaca); called also vegetable sponge.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Vegetable \Veg`e*ta*ble\, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing,
     capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable,
     from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven,
     invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active,
     vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be
     lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E.
     wake, v. See Vigil, Wake, v.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or
        produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable
        growths, juices, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Blooming ambrosial fruit
              Of vegetable gold.                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable
        kingdom.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Vegetable alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid.
  
     Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.) See Vegetable sulphur, below.
        
  
     Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of several kinds of
        concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian
        butter tree, the African shea tree, and the Pentadesma
        butyracea, a tree of the order Guttiferae, also
        African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of
        cocoa ({Theobroma).
  
     Vegetable flannel, a textile material, manufactured in
        Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained
        from the leaves of the Pinus sylvestris.
  
     Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory.
  
     Vegetable jelly. See Pectin.
  
     Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.
        
  
     Vegetable leather.
        (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia
            punicea), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts.
        (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather.
  
     Vegetable marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly
        eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender
        quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable
        in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but
        is now thought to have been derived from a form of the
        American pumpkin.
  
     Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under
        Oyster.
  
     Vegetable parchment, papyrine.
  
     Vegetable sheep (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia
        eximia) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large
        fleecy cushions on the mountains.
  
     Vegetable silk, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained
        from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree
        ({Chorisia speciosa). It is used for various purposes, as
        for stuffing cushions, and the like, but is incapable of
        being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the
        fibers.
  
     Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof.
  
     Vegetable sulphur, the fine and highly inflammable spores
        of the club moss ({Lycopodium clavatum); witch meal.
  
     Vegetable tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
        from various plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow,
        obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. Indian
        vegetable tallow is a name sometimes given to piney
        tallow.
  
     Vegetable wax, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of
        certain plants, as the bayberry.
        [1913 Webster]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Vegetable kingdom (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of
        living things which includes all plants. The classes of
        the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by
        various botanists. The following is one of the best of the
        many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.
        [1913 Webster] I. Phaenogamia (called also
        Phanerogamia). Plants having distinct flowers and true
        seeds. [ 1. Dicotyledons (called also Exogens). --
        Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith,
        woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided
        into two subclasses: Angiosperms, having the woody fiber
        interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seeds
        contained in a true ovary; Gymnosperms, having few or no
        ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2.
        Monocotyledons (called also Endogens). -- Seeds with
        single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody
        fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.]
        [1913 Webster] II. Cryptogamia. Plants without true
        flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds,
        or by simple cell division. [ 1. Acrogens. -- Plants
        usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two
        alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and
        sporophoric, the other sexual and oophoric. Divided into
        Vascular Acrogens, or Pteridophyta, having the
        sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of
        vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and
        Cellular Acrogens, or Bryophyta, having the sexual
        plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue,
        as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. Thallogens. -- Plants
        without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple
        or branched mass of cellular tissue, or reduced to a
        single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into
        Algae, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and
        which live upon air and water, and Fungi, which contain
        no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are
        now believed to be fungi parasitic on included algae.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Many botanists divide the Phaenogamia primarily into
           Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into
           Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider
           Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes.
           Thallogens are variously divided by different writers,
           and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts
           are altogether uncertain.
           [1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the
           Vocabulary.
           [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  vegetable sponge
      n 1: the loofah climber that has cylindrical fruit [syn:
           loofah, vegetable sponge, Luffa cylindrica]

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