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2 definitions found
 for Unity of type
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Type \Type\ (t[imac]p), n. [F. type; cf. It. tipo, from L. typus
     a figure, image, a form, type, character, Gr. ty`pos the mark
     of a blow, impression, form of character, model, from the
     root of ty`ptein to beat, strike; cf. Skr. tup to hurt.]
     1. The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed
        sign; emblem.
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              The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings,
              Short blistered breeches, and those types of travel.
                                                    --Shak.
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     2. Form or character impressed; style; semblance.
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              Thy father bears the type of king of Naples. --Shak.
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     3. A figure or representation of something to come; a token;
        a sign; a symbol; -- correlative to antitype.
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              A type is no longer a type when the thing typified
              comes to be actually exhibited.       --South.
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     4. That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic
        qualities; the representative. Specifically:
        (a) (Biol.) A general form or structure common to a number
            of individuals; hence, the ideal representation of a
            species, genus, or other group, combining the
            essential characteristics; an animal or plant
            possessing or exemplifying the essential
            characteristics of a species, genus, or other group.
            Also, a group or division of animals having a certain
            typical or characteristic structure of body maintained
            within the group.
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                  Since the time of Cuvier and Baer . . . the
                  whole animal kingdom has been universally held
                  to be divisible into a small number of main
                  divisions or types.               --Haeckel.
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        (b) (Fine Arts) The original object, or class of objects,
            scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject
            of a copy; esp., the design on the face of a medal or
            a coin.
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        (c) (Chem.) A simple compound, used as a model or pattern
            to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as
            being related, and from which they may be actually or
            theoretically derived.
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     Note: The fundamental types used to express the simplest and
           most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric
           acid, HCl; water, H2O; ammonia, NH3; and methane,
           CH4.
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     5. (Typog.)
        (a) A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character,
            cast in metal or cut in wood, used in printing.
        (b) Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole
            quantity of them used in printing, spoken of
            collectively; any number or mass of such letters or
            characters, however disposed.
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     Note: Type are mostly made by casting type metal in a mold,
           though some of the larger sizes are made from maple,
           mahogany, or boxwood. In the cut, a is the body; b, the
           face, or part from which the impression is taken; c,
           the shoulder, or top of the body; d, the nick
           (sometimes two or more are made), designed to assist
           the compositor in distinguishing the bottom of the face
           from t`e top; e, the groove made in the process of
           finishing, -- each type as cast having attached to the
           bottom of the body a jet, or small piece of metal
           (formed by the surplus metal poured into the mold),
           which, when broken off, leaves a roughness that
           requires to be removed. The fine lines at the top and
           bottom of a letter are technically called ceriphs, and
           when part of the face projects over the body, as in the
           letter f, the projection is called a kern.
           [1913 Webster] The type which compose an ordinary book
           font consist of Roman CAPITALS, small capitals, and
           lower-case letters, and Italic CAPITALS and lower-case
           letters, with accompanying figures, points, and
           reference marks, -- in all about two hundred
           characters. Including the various modern styles of
           fancy type, some three or four hundred varieties of
           face are made. Besides the ordinary Roman and Italic,
           some of the most important of the varieties are 
           [1913 Webster] Old English. Black Letter. Old Style.
           French Elzevir. Boldface. Antique. Clarendon. Gothic.
           Typewriter. Script.
           [1913 Webster] The smallest body in common use is
           diamond; then follow in order of size, pearl, agate,
           nonpareil, minion, brevier, bourgeois (or two-line
           diamond), long primer (or two-line pearl), small pica
           (or two-line agate), pica (or two-line nonpareil),
           English (or two-line minion), Columbian (or two-line
           brevier), great primer (or two-line bourgeois), paragon
           (or two-line long primer), double small pica (or
           two-line small pica), double pica (or two-line pica),
           double English (or two-line English), double great
           primer (or two-line great primer), double paragon (or
           two-line paragon), canon (or two-line double pica).
           Above this, the sizes are called five-line pica,
           six-line pica, seven-line pica, and so on, being made
           mostly of wood. The following alphabets show the
           different sizes up to great primer.
           [1913 Webster] Brilliant . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
           Diamond . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Pearl . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Agate . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Nonpareil . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Minion . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Brevier . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Bourgeois . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Long primer . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Small pica . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Pica . . . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz English . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Columbian . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Great primer . . .
           abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
           [1913 Webster] The foregoing account is conformed to
           the designations made use of by American type founders,
           but is substantially correct for England. Agate,
           however, is called ruby, in England, where, also, a
           size intermediate between nonpareil and minion is
           employed, called emerald.
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     Point system of type bodies (Type Founding), a system
        adopted by the type founders of the United States by which
        the various sizes of type have been so modified and
        changed that each size bears an exact proportional
        relation to every other size. The system is a modification
        of a French system, and is based on the pica body. This
        pica body is divided into twelfths, which are termed
        "points," and every type body consist of a given number of
        these points. Many of the type founders indicate the new
        sizes of type by the number of points, and the old names
        are gradually being done away with. By the point system
        type founders cast type of a uniform size and height,
        whereas formerly fonts of pica or other type made by
        different founders would often vary slightly so that they
        could not be used together. There are no type in actual
        use corresponding to the smaller theoretical sizes of the
        point system. In some cases, as in that of ruby, the term
        used designates a different size from that heretofore so
        called.
        [1913 Webster] 1 American 9 Bourgeois [bar] [bar] 11/2
        German [bar] 2 Saxon 10 Long Primer [bar] [bar] 21/2 Norse
        [bar] 3 Brilliant 11 Small Pica [bar] [bar] 31/2 Ruby 12
        Pica [bar] [bar] 4 Excelsior [bar] 41/2 Diamond 14 English
        [bar] [bar] 5 Pearl 16 Columbian [bar] [bar] 51/2 Agate
        [bar] 6 Nonpareil 18 Great Primer [bar] [bar] 7 Minion
        [bar] 8 Brevier 20 Paragon [bar] [bar] Diagram of the
        "points" by which sizes of Type are graduated in the
        "Point System".
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     Type founder, one who casts or manufacture type.
  
     Type foundry, Type foundery, a place for the manufacture
        of type.
  
     Type metal, an alloy used in making type, stereotype
        plates, etc., and in backing up electrotype plates. It
        consists essentially of lead and antimony, often with a
        little tin, nickel, or copper.
  
     Type wheel, a wheel having raised letters or characters on
        its periphery, and used in typewriters, printing
        telegraphs, etc.
  
     Unity of type (Biol.), that fundamental agreement in
        structure which is seen in organic beings of the same
        class, and is quite independent of their habits of life.
        --Darwin.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Unity \U"ni*ty\, n.; pl. Unities. [OE. unite, F. unit['e], L.
     unitas, from unus one. See One, and cf. Unit.]
     1. The state of being one; oneness.
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              Whatever we can consider as one thing suggests to
              the understanding the idea of unity.  --Locks.
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     Note: Unity is affirmed of a simple substance or indivisible
           monad, or of several particles or parts so intimately
           and closely united as to constitute a separate body or
           thing. See the Synonyms under Union.
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     2. Concord; harmony; conjunction; agreement; uniformity; as,
        a unity of proofs; unity of doctrine.
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              Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren
              to dwell together in unity!           --Ps. cxxxiii.
                                                    1.
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     3. (Math.) Any definite quantity, or aggregate of quantities
        or magnitudes taken as one, or for which 1 is made to
        stand in calculation; thus, in a table of natural sines,
        the radius of the circle is regarded as unity.
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     Note: The number 1, when it is not applied to any particular
           thing, is generally called unity.
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     4. (Poetry & Rhet.) In dramatic composition, one of the
        principles by which a uniform tenor of story and propriety
        of representation are preserved; conformity in a
        composition to these; in oratory, discourse, etc., the due
        subordination and reference of every part to the
        development of the leading idea or the eastablishment of
        the main proposition.
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     Note: In the Greek drama, the three unities required were
           those of action, of time, and of place; that is, that
           there should be but one main plot; that the time
           supposed should not exceed twenty-four hours; and that
           the place of the action before the spectators should be
           one and the same throughout the piece.
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     5. (Fine Arts & Mus.) Such a combination of parts as to
        constitute a whole, or a kind of symmetry of style and
        character.
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     6. (Law) The peculiar characteristics of an estate held by
        several in joint tenancy.
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     Note: The properties of it are derived from its unity, which
           is fourfold; unity of interest, unity of title, unity
           of time, and unity of possession; in other words, joint
           tenants have one and the same interest, accruing by one
           and the same conveyance, commencing at the same time,
           and held by one and the same undivided possession.
           Unity of possession is also a joint possession of two
           rights in the same thing by several titles, as when a
           man, having a lease of land, afterward buys the fee
           simple, or, having an easement in the land of another,
           buys the servient estate.
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     At unity, at one.
  
     Unity of type. (Biol.) See under Type.
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     Syn: Union; oneness; junction; concord; harmony. See Union.
          [1913 Webster]

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