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3 definitions found
 for United Kingdom
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Kingdom \King"dom\, n. [AS. cyningd[=o]m. See 2d King, and
     1. The rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal
        authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchy.
        [1913 Webster]
              Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom. --Ps. cxiv.
        [1913 Webster]
              When Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his
              father, he strengthened himself.      --2 Chron.
                                                    xxi. 4.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The territory or country subject to a king or queen; the
        dominion of a monarch; the sphere in which one is king or
        has control.
        [1913 Webster]
              Unto the kingdom of perpetual night.  --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
              You're welcome,
              Most learned reverend sir, into our kingdom. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. An extensive scientific division distinguished by leading
        or ruling characteristics; a principal division; a
        department; as, the mineral kingdom. In modern biology,
        the division of life into five kingdoms is widely used for
        classification. "The animal and vegetable kingdoms."
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
     Animal kingdom. See under Animal.
     Kingdom of God.
        (a) The universe.
        (b) That spiritual realm of which God is the acknowledged
        (c) The authority or dominion of God.
     Mineral kingdom. See under Mineral.
     United Kingdom. See under United.
     Vegetable kingdom. See under Vegetable.
     Syn: Realm; empire; dominion; monarchy; sovereignty; domain.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  United Kingdom
      n 1: a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the
           British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales
           and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely
           to refer to the United Kingdom [syn: United Kingdom,
           UK, U.K., Britain, United Kingdom of Great Britain
           and Northern Ireland, Great Britain]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  United Kingdom
     Introduction United Kingdom
                              Background: Great Britain, the dominant
                                          industrial and maritime power of the
                                          19th century, played a leading role
                                          in developing parliamentary
                                          democracy and in advancing
                                          literature and science. At its
                                          zenith, the British Empire stretched
                                          over one-fourth of the earth's
                                          surface. The first half of the 20th
                                          century saw the UK's strength
                                          seriously depleted in two World
                                          Wars. The second half witnessed the
                                          dismantling of the Empire and the UK
                                          rebuilding itself into a modern and
                                          prosperous European nation. As one
                                          of five permanent members of the UN
                                          Security Council, a founding member
                                          of NATO, and of the Commonwealth,
                                          the UK pursues a global approach to
                                          foreign policy; it currently is
                                          weighing the degree of its
                                          integration with continental Europe.
                                          A member of the EU, it chose to
                                          remain outside the European Monetary
                                          Union for the time being.
                                          Constitutional reform is also a
                                          significant issue in the UK. The
                                          Scottish Parliament, the National
                                          Assembly for Wales, and the Northern
                                          Ireland Assembly were established in
     Geography United Kingdom
                                Location: Western Europe, islands including
                                          the northern one-sixth of the island
                                          of Ireland between the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea,
                                          northwest of France
                  Geographic coordinates: 54 00 N, 2 00 W
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 244,820 sq km
                                          water: 3,230 sq km
                                          note: includes Rockall and Shetland
                                          land: 241,590 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon
                         Land boundaries: total: 360 km
                                          border countries: Ireland 360 km
                               Coastline: 12,429 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: as defined in
                                          continental shelf orders or in
                                          accordance with agreed upon
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing
                                          southwest winds over the North
                                          Atlantic Current; more than one-half
                                          of the days are overcast
                                 Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low
                                          mountains; level to rolling plains
                                          in east and southeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Fenland -4 m
                                          highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m
                       Natural resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin,
                                          limestone, iron ore, salt, clay,
                                          chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable
                                Land use: arable land: 26.41%
                                          permanent crops: 0.18%
                                          other: 73.41% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,080 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: winter windstorms; floods
            Environment - current issues: continues to reduce greenhouse gas
                                          emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol
                                          target of a 12.5% reduction from
                                          1990 levels and intends to meet the
                                          legally binding target and move
                                          towards a domestic goal of a 20% cut
                                          in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the
                                          Government aims to reduce the amount
                                          of industrial and commercial waste
                                          disposed of in landfill sites to 85%
                                          of 1998 levels and to recycle or
                                          compost at least 25% of household
                                          waste, increasing to 33% by 2015;
                                          between 1998-99 and 1999-2000,
                                          household recycling increased from
                                          8.8% to 10.3%
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-
                                          Volatile Organic Compounds,
                                          Antarctic-Environmental Protocol,
                                          Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,
                                          Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                        Geography - note: lies near vital North Atlantic sea
                                          lanes; only 35 km from France and
                                          now linked by tunnel under the
                                          English Channel; because of heavily
                                          indented coastline, no location is
                                          more than 125 km from tidal waters
     People United Kingdom
                              Population: 59,778,002 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.7% (male 5,732,385;
                                          female 5,443,900)
                                          15-64 years: 65.5% (male 19,803,478;
                                          female 19,381,734)
                                          65 years and over: 15.8% (male
                                          3,931,463; female 5,485,042) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.21% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 11.34 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 1.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.99 years
                                          female: 80.84 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.29 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.73 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.11% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 20,800 (1999)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 450 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Briton(s), British (collective
                                          adjective: British
                           Ethnic groups: English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish
                                          2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West
                                          Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other
                               Religions: Anglican and Roman Catholic 40
                                          million, Muslim 1.5 million,
                                          Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist
                                          760,000, Sikh 500,000, Hindu
                                          500,000, Jewish 350,000
                               Languages: English, Welsh (about 26% of the
                                          population of Wales), Scottish form
                                          of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has
                                          completed five or more years of
                                          total population: 99% (2000 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government United Kingdom
                            Country name: conventional long form: United
                                          Kingdom of Great Britain and
                                          Northern Ireland
                                          conventional short form: United
                                          abbreviation: UK
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: London
                Administrative divisions: England - 47 boroughs, 36 counties*,
                                          29 London boroughs**, 12 cities and
                                          boroughs***, 10 districts****, 12
                                          cities*****, 3 royal boroughs******;
                                          Barking and Dagenham**, Barnet**,
                                          Barnsley, Bath and North East
                                          Somerset****, Bedfordshire*,
                                          Bexley**, Birmingham***, Blackburn
                                          with Darwen, Blackpool, Bolton,
                                          Bournemouth, Bracknell Forest,
                                          Bradford***, Brent**, Brighton and
                                          Hove, City of Bristol*****,
                                          Bromley**, Buckinghamshire*, Bury,
                                          Calderdale, Cambridgeshire*,
                                          Camden**, Cheshire*, Cornwall*,
                                          Coventry***, Croydon**, Cumbria*,
                                          Darlington, Derby*****, Derbyshire*,
                                          Devon*, Doncaster, Dorset*, Dudley,
                                          Durham*, Ealing**, East Riding of
                                          Yorkshire****, East Sussex*,
                                          Enfield**, Essex*, Gateshead,
                                          Gloucestershire*, Greenwich**,
                                          Hackney**, Halton, Hammersmith and
                                          Fulham**, Hampshire*, Haringey**,
                                          Harrow**, Hartlepool, Havering**,
                                          Herefordshire*, Hertfordshire*,
                                          Hillingdon**, Hounslow**, Isle of
                                          Wight*, Islington**, Kensington and
                                          Chelsea******, Kent*, City of
                                          Kingston upon Hull*****, Kingston
                                          upon Thames******, Kirklees,
                                          Knowsley, Lambeth**, Lancashire*,
                                          Leeds***, Leicester*****,
                                          Leicestershire*, Lewisham**,
                                          Lincolnshire*, Liverpool***, City of
                                          London*****, Luton, Manchester***,
                                          Medway, Merton**, Middlesbrough,
                                          Milton Keynes, Newcastle upon
                                          Tyne***, Newham**, Norfolk*,
                                          Northamptonshire*, North East
                                          Lincolnshire****, North
                                          Lincolnshire****, North
                                          Somerset****, North Tyneside,
                                          Northumberland*, North Yorkshire*,
                                          Nottingham*****, Nottinghamshire*,
                                          Oldham, Oxfordshire*,
                                          Peterborough*****, Plymouth*****,
                                          Poole, Portsmouth*****, Reading,
                                          Redbridge**, Redcar and Cleveland,
                                          Richmond upon Thames**, Rochdale,
                                          Rotherham, Rutland****, Salford***,
                                          Shropshire*, Sandwell, Sefton,
                                          Sheffield***, Slough, Solihull,
                                          Somerset*, Southampton*****,
                                          Southend-on-Sea, South
                                          Gloucestershire****, South Tyneside,
                                          Southwark**, Staffordshire*, St.
                                          Helens, Stockport, Stockton-on-Tees,
                                          Stoke-on-Trent*****, Suffolk*,
                                          Sunderland***, Surrey*, Sutton**,
                                          Swindon, Tameside, Telford and
                                          Wrekin****, Thurrock, Torbay, Tower
                                          Hamlets**, Trafford, Wakefield***,
                                          Walsall, Waltham Forest**,
                                          Wandsworth**, Warrington,
                                          Warwickshire*, West Berkshire****,
                                          Westminster***, West Sussex*, Wigan,
                                          Wiltshire*, Windsor and
                                          Maidenhead******, Wirral,
                                          Wokingham****, Wolverhampton,
                                          Worcestershire*, York*****; Northern
                                          Ireland - 24 districts, 2 cities*, 6
                                          counties**; Antrim, County Antrim**,
                                          Ards, Armagh, County Armagh**,
                                          Ballymena, Ballymoney, Banbridge,
                                          Belfast*, Carrickfergus,
                                          Castlereagh, Coleraine, Cookstown,
                                          Craigavon, Down, County Down**,
                                          Dungannon, Fermanagh, County
                                          Fermanagh**, Larne, Limavady,
                                          Lisburn, County Londonderry**,
                                          Derry*, Magherafelt, Moyle, Newry
                                          and Mourne, Newtownabbey, North
                                          Down, Omagh, Strabane, County
                                          Tyrone**; Scotland - 32 council
                                          areas; Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire,
                                          Angus, Argyll and Bute, The Scottish
                                          Borders, Clackmannanshire, Dumfries
                                          and Galloway, Dundee City, East
                                          Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East
                                          Lothian, East Renfrewshire, City of
                                          Edinburgh, Falkirk, Fife, Glasgow
                                          City, Highland, Inverclyde,
                                          Midlothian, Moray, North Ayrshire,
                                          North Lanarkshire, Orkney Islands,
                                          Perth and Kinross, Renfrewshire,
                                          Shetland Islands, South Ayrshire,
                                          South Lanarkshire, Stirling, West
                                          Dunbartonshire, Eilean Siar (Western
                                          Isles), West Lothian; Wales - 11
                                          county boroughs, 9 counties*, 2
                                          cities and counties**; Isle of
                                          Anglesey*, Blaenau Gwent, Bridgend,
                                          Caerphilly, Cardiff**, Ceredigion*,
                                          Carmarthenshire*, Conwy,
                                          Denbighshire*, Flintshire*, Gwynedd,
                                          Merthyr Tydfil, Monmouthshire*,
                                          Neath Port Talbot, Newport,
                                          Pembrokeshire*, Powys*, Rhondda
                                          Cynon Taff, Swansea**, Torfaen, The
                                          Vale of Glamorgan*, Wrexham
                         Dependent areas: Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian
                                          Ocean Territory, British Virgin
                                          Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland
                                          Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey,
                                          Jersey, Isle of Man, Montserrat,
                                          Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena,
                                          South Georgia and the South Sandwich
                                          Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands
                            Independence: England has existed as a unified
                                          entity since the 10th century; the
                                          union between England and Wales was
                                          enacted under the Statute of
                                          Rhuddlan in 1284; in the Act of
                                          Union of 1707, England and Scotland
                                          agreed to permanent union as Great
                                          Britain; the legislative union of
                                          Great Britain and Ireland was
                                          implemented in 1801, with the
                                          adoption of the name the United
                                          Kingdom of Great Britain and
                                          Ireland; the Anglo-Irish treaty of
                                          1921 formalized a partition of
                                          Ireland; six northern Irish counties
                                          remained part of the United Kingdom
                                          as Northern Ireland and the current
                                          name of the country, the United
                                          Kingdom of Great Britain and
                                          Northern Ireland, was adopted in
                        National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II,
                                          celebrated on the second Saturday in
                                          June (1926)
                            Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes, partly
                                          common law and practice
                            Legal system: common law tradition with early
                                          Roman and modern continental
                                          influences; no judicial review of
                                          Acts of Parliament; accepts
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with
                                          reservations; British courts and
                                          legislation are increasingly subject
                                          to review by European Union courts
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952); Heir
                                          Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the
                                          queen, born 14 November 1948)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Anthony (Tony) BLAIR (since 2 May
                                          cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
                                          appointed by the prime minister
                                          elections: none; the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; the prime minister is
                                          the leader of the majority party in
                                          the House of Commons (assuming there
                                          is no majority party, a prime
                                          minister would have a majority
                                          coalition or at least a coalition
                                          that was not rejected by the
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament comprised of
                                          House of Lords (consists of
                                          approximately 500 life peers, 92
                                          hereditary peers and 26 clergy) and
                                          House of Commons (659 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms unless the House is
                                          dissolved earlier)
                                          elections: House of Lords - no
                                          elections (some proposals for
                                          further reform include elections);
                                          House of Commons - last held 7 June
                                          2001 (next to be held by NA May
                                          election results: House of Commons -
                                          percent of vote by party - Labor
                                          42.1%, Conservative and Unionist
                                          32.7%, Liberal Democrats 18.8%,
                                          other 6.4%; seats by party - Labor
                                          412, Conservative and Unionist 166,
                                          Liberal Democrat 52, other 29; note
                                          - seating as of 15 February 2002:
                                          Labor 410, Conservative 164, Liberal
                                          Democrats 53, other 32
                                          note: in 1998 elections were held
                                          for a Northern Ireland Parliament
                                          (because of unresolved disputes
                                          among existing parties, the transfer
                                          of power from London to Northern
                                          Ireland came only at the end of 1999
                                          and was twice rescinded before
                                          reinstatement in November 2001); in
                                          1999 there were elections for a new
                                          Scottish Parliament and a new Welsh
                         Judicial branch: House of Lords (highest court of
                                          appeal; several Lords of Appeal in
                                          Ordinary are appointed by the
                                          monarch for life); Supreme Courts of
                                          England, Wales, and Northern Ireland
                                          (comprising the Courts of Appeal,
                                          the High Courts of Justice, and the
                                          Crown Courts); Scotland's Court of
                                          Session and Court of the Justiciary
           Political parties and leaders: Conservative and Unionist Party
                                          [Iain Duncan SMITH]; Democratic
                                          Unionist Party (Northern Ireland)
                                          [Rev. Ian PAISLEY]; Labor Party
                                          [Anthony (Tony) BLAIR]; Liberal
                                          Democrats [Charles KENNEDY]; Party
                                          of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Ieuan Wyn
                                          JONES]; Scottish National Party or
                                          SNP [John SWINNEY]; Sinn Fein
                                          (Northern Ireland) [Gerry ADAMS];
                                          Social Democratic and Labor Party or
                                          SDLP (Northern Ireland) [Mark
                                          DURKAN]; Ulster Unionist Party
                                          (Northern Ireland) [David TRIMBLE]
            Political pressure groups and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament;
                                 leaders: Confederation of British Industry;
                                          National Farmers' Union; Trades
                                          Union Congress
               International organization AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, C,
                           participation: CCC, CDB, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECA
                                          (associate), ECE, ECLAC, EIB, ESA,
                                          ESCAP, EU, FAO, G- 5, G- 7, G- 8, G-
                                          10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM
                                          (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          SPC, UN, UN Security Council,
                                          UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP,
                                          UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNMOVIC, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTAET, UNU,
                                          UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sir
                                          Christopher J. R. MEYER
                                          chancery: 3100 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 588-7870
                                          consulate(s): Dallas, Denver, Miami,
                                          and Seattle
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Houston,
                                          Los Angeles, New York, and San
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 588-6500
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador William
                                      US: S. FARISH
                                          embassy: 24/31 Grosvenor Square,
                                          London, W1A1AE
                                          mailing address: PSC 801, Box 40,
                                          FPO AE 09498-4040
                                          telephone: [44] (0) 207499-9000
                                          FAX: [44] (0) 207 629-8288
                                          consulate(s) general: Belfast,
                        Flag description: blue with the red cross of Saint
                                          George (patron saint of England)
                                          edged in white superimposed on the
                                          diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick
                                          (patron saint of Ireland) and which
                                          is superimposed on the diagonal
                                          white cross of Saint Andrew (patron
                                          saint of Scotland); known as the
                                          Union Flag or Union Jack; the design
                                          and colors (especially the Blue
                                          Ensign) have been the basis for a
                                          number of other flags including
                                          other Commonwealth countries and
                                          their constituent states or
                                          provinces, as well as British
                                          overseas territories
     Economy United Kingdom
                      Economy - overview: The UK, a leading trading power and
                                          financial center, is one of the
                                          quartet of trillion dollar economies
                                          of Western Europe. Over the past two
                                          decades the government has greatly
                                          reduced public ownership and
                                          contained the growth of social
                                          welfare programs. Agriculture is
                                          intensive, highly mechanized, and
                                          efficient by European standards,
                                          producing about 60% of food needs
                                          with only 1% of the labor force. The
                                          UK has large coal, natural gas, and
                                          oil reserves; primary energy
                                          production accounts for 10% of GDP,
                                          one of the highest shares of any
                                          industrial nation. Services,
                                          particularly banking, insurance, and
                                          business services, account by far
                                          for the largest proportion of GDP
                                          while industry continues to decline
                                          in importance. GDP growth slipped in
                                          2001 as the global downturn, the
                                          high value of the pound, and the
                                          bursting of the "new economy" bubble
                                          hurt manufacturing and exports.
                                          Still, the economy is one of the
                                          strongest in Europe; inflation,
                                          interest rates, and unemployment
                                          remain low, and the government
                                          expects growth of 2% to 2.5% in
                                          2002. The relatively good economic
                                          performance has complicated the
                                          BLAIR government's efforts to make a
                                          case for Britain to join the
                                          European Economic and Monetary Union
                                          (EMU). The Prime Minister has
                                          pledged to hold a public referendum
                                          if membership meets Chancellor of
                                          the Exchequer BROWN's five economic
                                          "tests." Scheduled for assessment by
                                          mid-2003, the tests will determine
                                          whether joining EMU would have a
                                          positive effect on British
                                          investment, employment, and growth.
                                          Critics point out, however, that the
                                          economy is thriving outside of EMU,
                                          and they point to public opinion
                                          polls that continue to show a
                                          majority of Britons opposed to the
                                          single currency.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.47
                                          trillion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $24,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.7%
                                          industry: 24.9%
                                          services: 73.4% (1999)
           Population below poverty line: 17%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.6%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 27.3% (1991)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 36.1 (1991)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.8% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 29.7 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 1%, industry 25%,
                                          services 74% (1999)
                       Unemployment rate: 5.1% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $565 billion
                                          expenditures: $540 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY01)
                              Industries: machine tools, electric power
                                          equipment, automation equipment,
                                          railroad equipment, shipbuilding,
                                          aircraft, motor vehicles and parts,
                                          electronics and communications
                                          equipment, metals, chemicals, coal,
                                          petroleum, paper and paper products,
                                          food processing, textiles, clothing,
                                          and other consumer goods
       Industrial production growth rate: -1.6% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 355.761 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 73.26%
                                          hydro: 1.46%
                                          other: 2.31% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 22.97%
               Electricity - consumption: 345.032 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 134 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 14.308 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cereals, oilseed, potatoes,
                                          vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry;
                                 Exports: $287 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: manufactured goods, fuels,
                                          chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco
                      Exports - partners: EU 54% (Germany 11%, France 9%,
                                          Netherlands 7%, Ireland 7%), US 15%
                                 Imports: $337 billion (c.i.f., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery,
                                          fuels; foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: EU 48% (Germany 11%, France 7%,
                                          Netherlands 6%), US 13%, Japan 5%
                         Debt - external: $NA
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $4.5 billion (2000)
                                Currency: British pound (GBP)
                           Currency code: GBP
                          Exchange rates: British pounds per US dollar -
                                          0.6981 (January 2002), 0.6944
                                          (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180
                                          (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications United Kingdom
          Telephones - main lines in use: 34.878 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 13 million (yearend 1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: technologically
                                          advanced domestic and international
                                          domestic: equal mix of buried
                                          cables, microwave radio relay, and
                                          fiber-optic systems
                                          international: 40 coaxial submarine
                                          cables; satellite earth stations -
                                          10 Intelsat (7 Atlantic Ocean and 3
                                          Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean region), and 1 Eutelsat; at
                                          least 8 large international
                                          switching centers
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 219, FM 431, shortwave 3 (1998)
                                  Radios: 84.5 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 228 (plus 3,523 repeaters) (1995)
                             Televisions: 30.5 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .uk
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 245 (2000)
                          Internet users: 33 million (2001)
     Transportation United Kingdom
                                Railways: total: 16,878 km
                                          standard gauge: 16,536 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (4,928 km electrified;
                                          12,591 km double- or multiple-
                                          broad gauge: 342 km 1.600-m gauge
                                          (190 km double-tracked)
                                          note: all 1.600-m gauge track is in
                                          common carrier service in Northern
                                          Ireland (1996)
                                Highways: total: 371,603 km
                                          paved: 371,603 km (including 3,303
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 3,200 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil (almost all insignificant)
                                          933 km; petroleum products 2,993 km;
                                          natural gas 12,800 km
                       Ports and harbors: Aberdeen, Belfast, Bristol, Cardiff,
                                          Dover, Falmouth, Felixstowe,
                                          Glasgow, Grangemouth, Hull, Leith,
                                          Liverpool, London, Manchester,
                                          Peterhead, Plymouth, Portsmouth,
                                          Scapa Flow, Southampton, Sullom Voe,
                                          Tees, Tyne
                         Merchant marine: total: 212 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 4,308,232 GRT/4,171,757 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 7, cargo 32,
                                          chemical tanker 13, combination ore/
                                          oil 1, container 53, liquefied gas
                                          3, passenger 13, passenger/cargo 1,
                                          petroleum tanker 48, refrigerated
                                          cargo 4, roll on/roll off 26, short-
                                          sea passenger 10, specialized tanker
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Bermuda 1, Cyprus 1,
                                          Denmark 21, Germany 6, Greece 3,
                                          Hong Kong 4, Italy 1, Monaco 4,
                                          Netherlands 1, Norway 9, Russia 1,
                                          South Africa 2, Sweden 11, Taiwan 2,
                                          United States 5 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 470 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 332
                                          over 3,047 m: 8
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 33
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 84
                                          under 914 m: 57 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 150
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 138
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 23
                                          under 914 m: 114 (2001)
                               Heliports: 13 (2001)
     Military United Kingdom
                         Military branches: Army, Royal Navy (including Royal
                                            Marines), Royal Air Force
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 14,632,418 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 12,151,734 (2002
                                   service: est.)
     Military expenditures - dollar figure: $31.7 billion (2002)
         Military expenditures - percent of 2.32% (2002)
     Transnational Issues United Kingdom
                Disputes - international: Spain and UK are discussing "total
                                          shared sovereignty" over Gibraltar,
                                          subject to a constitutional
                                          referendum by Gibraltarians, who
                                          have largely expressed opposition to
                                          any form of cession to Spain;
                                          Mauritius and Seychelles claim the
                                          Chagos Archipelago (British Indian
                                          Ocean Territory) and its former
                                          inhabitants, who reside chiefly in
                                          Mauritius, but in 2001 were granted
                                          UK citizenship and the right to
                                          repatriation since eviction in 1965;
                                          Argentina claims the Falkland
                                          Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South
                                          Georgia and the South Sandwich
                                          Islands; Rockall continental shelf
                                          dispute involving Denmark and
                                          Iceland; territorial claim in
                                          Antarctica (British Antarctic
                                          Territory) overlaps Argentine claim
                                          and partially overlaps Chilean
                                          claim; disputes with Iceland,
                                          Denmark, and Ireland over the Faroe
                                          Islands continental shelf boundary
                                          outside 200 NM
                           Illicit drugs: gateway country for Latin American
                                          cocaine entering the European
                                          market; major consumer of synthetic
                                          drugs, producer of limited amounts
                                          of synthetic drugs and synthetic
                                          precursor chemicals; major consumer
                                          of Southwest Asian heroin; money-
                                          laundering center

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