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2 definitions found
 for UART
From V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (February 2016) :

  UART
         Universal Asynchronous Receive and Transmit
         

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

  Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
  Serial Communications Interface
  serial IO chip
  UART
  
      (UART) An integrated circuit used
     for serial communications, containing a transmitter
     (parallel-to-serial converter) and a receiver
     (serial-to-parallel converter), each clocked separately.
  
     The parallel side of a UART is usually connected to the bus
     of a computer.  When the computer writes a byte to the UART's
     transmit data register (TDR), the UART will start to transmit
     it on the serial line.  The UART's status register contains a
     flag bit which the computer can read to see if the UART is
     ready to transmit another byte.  Another status register bit
     says whether the UART has received a byte from the serial
     line, in which case the computer should read it from the
     receive data register (RDR).  If another byte is received
     before the previous one is read, the UART will signal an
     "overrun" error via another status bit.
  
     The UART may be set up to interrupt the computer when data
     is received or when ready to transmit more data.
  
     The UART's serial connections usually go via separate line
     driver and line receiver integrated circuits which
     provide the power and voltages required to drive the serial
     line and give some protection against noise on the line.
  
     Data on the serial line is formatted by the UART according
     to the setting of the UART's control register.  This may also
     determine the transmit and receive baud rates if the UART
     contains its own clock circuits or "{baud rate generators".
     If incorrectly formated data is received the UART may signal a
     "{framing error" or "{parity} error".
  
     Often the clock will run at 16 times the baud rate (bits per
     second) to allow the receiver to do centre sampling - i.e. to
     read each bit in the middle of its allotted time period.  This
     makes the UART more tolerant to variations in the clock rate
     ("jitter") of the incoming data.
  
     An example of a late 1980s UART was the Intel 8450.  In the
     1990s, newer UARTs were developed with on-chip buffers.
     This allowed higher transmission speed without data loss and
     without requiring such frequent attention from the computer.
     For example, the Intel 16550 has a 16 byte FIFO.
     Variants include the 16C550, 16C650, 16C750, and
     16C850.
  
     The term "Serial Communications Interface" (SCI) was first
     used at Motorola around 1975 to refer to their start-stop
     asyncronous serial interface device, which others were calling
     a UART.
  
     See also bit bang.
  
     [Is this the same as an ACIA?]
  
     (2003-07-13)
  

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