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1 definition found
 for To take up the cross
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the
     former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the
     second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same
     L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. Crucial, Crusade, Cruise,
     Crux.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed
        transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T,
        or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the
        upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the
        execution of criminals.
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              Nailed to the cross
              By his own nation.                    --Milton.
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     2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in
        ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the
        symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of
        Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The custom of making the sign of the cross with the
              hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or
              preserving from evil, is very old.    --Schaff-Herzog
                                                    Encyc.
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              Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir
                                                    W. Scott.
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              Tis where the cross is preached.      --Cowper.
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     3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial;
        disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
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              Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B.
                                                    Jonson.
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     4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also,
        that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped;
        hence, money in general.
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              I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I
              think you have no money in your purse. --Shak.
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     5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a
        cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape
        of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying
        considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the
        British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a
        central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
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     6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted
        by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross;
        a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London.
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              Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone,
              Rose on a turret octagon.             --Sir W.
                                                    Scott.
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     7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many
        varieties. See the Illustration, above.
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     8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature
        by those unable to write.
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              Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names
              and crosses.                          --Fuller.
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     9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies.
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     10. A line drawn across or through another line.
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     11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle
         breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid
         of any kind.
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               Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a
               cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord
                                                    Dufferin.
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     12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets
         perpendicular to the main course.
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     13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of
         which usually form's right angle.
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     Cross and pile, a game with money, at which it is put to
        chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which
        bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or
        reverse; the game called heads or tails.
  
     Cross bottony or
  
     Cross botton['e]. See under Bottony.
  
     Cross estoil['e] (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is
        pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having
        four long points only.
  
     Cross of Calvary. See Calvary, 3.
  
     Southern cross. (Astron.) See under Southern.
  
     To do a thing on the cross, to act dishonestly; -- opposed
        to acting on the square. [Slang]
  
     To take up the cross, to bear troubles and afflictions with
        patience from love to Christ.
        [1913 Webster]

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