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2 definitions found
 for The liberal arts
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Liberal \Lib"er*al\ (l[i^]b"[~e]r*al), a. [F. lib['e]ral, L.
     liberalis, from liber free; perh. akin to libet, lubet, it
     pleases, E. lief. Cf. Deliver.]
     1. Free by birth; hence, befitting a freeman or gentleman;
        refined; noble; independent; free; not servile or mean;
        as, a liberal ancestry; a liberal spirit; liberal arts or
        studies. " Liberal education." --Macaulay. " A liberal
        tongue." --Shak.
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     2. Bestowing in a large and noble way, as a freeman;
        generous; bounteous; open-handed; as, a liberal giver. "
        Liberal of praise." --Bacon.
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              Infinitely good, and of his good
              As liberal and free as infinite.      --Milton.
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     3. Bestowed in a large way; hence, more than sufficient;
        abundant; bountiful; ample; profuse; as, a liberal gift; a
        liberal discharge of matter or of water.
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              His wealth doth warrant a liberal dower. --Shak.
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     4. Not strict or rigorous; not confined or restricted to the
        literal sense; free; as, a liberal translation of a
        classic, or a liberal construction of law or of language.
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     5. Not narrow or contracted in mind; not selfish; enlarged in
        spirit; catholic.
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     6. Free to excess; regardless of law or moral restraint;
        licentious. " Most like a liberal villain." --Shak.
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     7. Not bound by orthodox tenets or established forms in
        political or religious philosophy; independent in opinion;
        not conservative; friendly to great freedom in the
        constitution or administration of government; having
        tendency toward democratic or republican, as distinguished
        from monarchical or aristocratic, forms; as, liberal
        thinkers; liberal Christians; the Liberal party.
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              I confess I see nothing liberal in this " order of
              thoughts," as Hobbes elsewhere expresses it.
                                                    --Hazlitt.
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     Note: Liberal has of, sometimes with, before the thing
           bestowed, in before a word signifying action, and to
           before a person or object on which anything is
           bestowed; as, to be liberal of praise or censure;
           liberal with money; liberal in giving; liberal to the
           poor.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     The liberal arts. See under Art.
  
     Liberal education, education that enlarges and disciplines
        the mind and makes it master of its own powers,
        irrespective of the particular business or profession one
        may follow.
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     Syn: Generous; bountiful; munificent; beneficent; ample;
          large; profuse; free.
  
     Usage: Liberal, Generous. Liberal is freeborn, and
            generous is highborn. The former is opposed to the
            ordinary feelings of a servile state, and implies
            largeness of spirit in giving, judging, acting, etc.
            The latter expresses that nobleness of soul which is
            peculiarly appropriate to those of high rank, -- a
            spirit that goes out of self, and finds its enjoyment
            in consulting the feelings and happiness of others.
            Generosity is measured by the extent of the sacrifices
            it makes; liberality, by the warmth of feeling which
            it manifests.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Art \Art\ ([aum]rt), n. [F. art, L. ars, artis, orig., skill in
     joining or fitting; prob. akin to E. arm, aristocrat,
     article.]
     1. The employment of means to accomplish some desired end;
        the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses
        of life; the application of knowledge or power to
        practical purposes.
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              Blest with each grace of nature and of art. --Pope.
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     2. A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of
        certain actions; a system of principles and rules for
        attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special
        work; -- often contradistinguished from science or
        speculative principles; as, the art of building or
        engraving; the art of war; the art of navigation.
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              Science is systematized knowledge . . . Art is
              knowledge made efficient by skill.    --J. F.
                                                    Genung.
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     3. The systematic application of knowledge or skill in
        effecting a desired result. Also, an occupation or
        business requiring such knowledge or skill.
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              The fishermen can't employ their art with so much
              success in so troubled a sea.         --Addison.
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     4. The application of skill to the production of the
        beautiful by imitation or design, or an occupation in
        which skill is so employed, as in painting and sculpture;
        one of the fine arts; as, he prefers art to literature.
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     5. pl. Those branches of learning which are taught in the
        academical course of colleges; as, master of arts.
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              In fearless youth we tempt the heights of arts.
                                                    --Pope.
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              Four years spent in the arts (as they are called in
              colleges) is, perhaps, laying too laborious a
              foundation.                           --Goldsmith.
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     6. Learning; study; applied knowledge, science, or letters.
        [Archaic]
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              So vast is art, so narrow human wit.  --Pope.
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     7. Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain
        actions, acquired by experience, study, or observation;
        knack; as, a man has the art of managing his business to
        advantage.
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     8. Skillful plan; device.
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              They employed every art to soothe . . . the
              discontented warriors.                --Macaulay.
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     9. Cunning; artifice; craft.
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              Madam, I swear I use no art at all.   --Shak.
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              Animals practice art when opposed to their superiors
              in strength.                          --Crabb.
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     10. The black art; magic. [Obs.] --Shak.
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     Art and part (Scots Law), share or concern by aiding and
        abetting a criminal in the perpetration of a crime,
        whether by advice or by assistance in the execution;
        complicity.
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     Note: The arts are divided into various classes.
  
     The useful arts,
  
     The mechanical arts, or
  
     The industrial arts are those in which the hands and body
        are more concerned than the mind; as in making clothes and
        utensils. These are called trades.
  
     The fine arts are those which have primarily to do with
        imagination and taste, and are applied to the production
        of what is beautiful. They include poetry, music,
        painting, engraving, sculpture, and architecture; but the
        term is often confined to painting, sculpture, and
        architecture.
  
     The liberal arts (artes liberales, the higher arts, which,
        among the Romans, only freemen were permitted to pursue)
        were, in the Middle Ages, these seven branches of
        learning, -- grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic,
        geometry, music, and astronomy. In modern times the
        liberal arts include the sciences, philosophy, history,
        etc., which compose the course of academical or collegiate
        education. Hence, degrees in the arts; master and bachelor
        of arts.
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              In America, literature and the elegant arts must
              grow up side by side with the coarser plants of
              daily necessity.                      --Irving.
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     Syn: Science; literature; aptitude; readiness; skill;
          dexterity; adroitness; contrivance; profession;
          business; trade; calling; cunning; artifice; duplicity.
          See Science.
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