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2 definitions found
 for Star gauge
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gauge \Gauge\, n. [Written also gage.]
     1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
        determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
              groove to equal breadth by.           --Moxon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
                                                    --I. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
              contempt.                             --Burke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
        regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
        template; as, a button maker's gauge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
        state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
        elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
        particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Naut.)
        (a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
            reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
            gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
            the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
        (b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
            --Totten.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
           four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
           gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
           seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
           gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
           narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
           inches.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
        common plaster to accelerate its setting.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
        is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
        such shingles, slates, or tiles.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Gauge of a carriage, car, etc., the distance between the
        wheels; -- ordinarily called the track.
  
     Gauge cock, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
        the height of the water level in a steam boiler.
  
     Gauge concussion (Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
        flange striking the edge of the rail.
  
     Gauge glass, a glass tube for a water gauge.
  
     Gauge lathe, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
        having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
        to a templet or gauge.
  
     Gauge point, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
        one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
        measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.
  
     Gauge rod, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
        barrels, casks, etc.
  
     Gauge saw, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
        cut. --Knight.
  
     Gauge stuff, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
        cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.
  
     Gauge wheel, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
        determine the depth of the furrow.
  
     Joiner's gauge, an instrument used to strike a line
        parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.
  
     Printer's gauge, an instrument to regulate the length of
        the page.
  
     Rain gauge, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
        rain at any given place.
  
     Salt gauge, or Brine gauge, an instrument or contrivance
        for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
        specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.
  
     Sea gauge, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.
        
  
     Siphon gauge, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
        mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
        degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
        pump or other vacuum; a manometer.
  
     Sliding gauge. (Mach.)
        (a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
            dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
            as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
        (b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
            and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
            working gauges.
        (c) (Railroads) See Note under Gauge, n., 5.
  
     Star gauge (Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
        diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
        length.
  
     Steam gauge, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
        steam, as in a boiler.
  
     Tide gauge, an instrument for determining the height of the
        tides.
  
     Vacuum gauge, a species of barometer for determining the
        relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
        steam engine and the air.
  
     Water gauge.
        (a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
            surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
            glass.
        (b) The height of the water in the boiler.
  
     Wind gauge, an instrument for measuring the force of the
        wind on any given surface; an anemometer.
  
     Wire gauge, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
        the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
        See under Wire.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Star \Star\ (st[aum]r), n. [OE. sterre, AS. steorra; akin to
     OFries. stera, OS. sterro, D. ster, OHG. sterno, sterro, G.
     stern, Icel. stjarna, Sw. stjerna, Dan. stierne, Goth.
     sta['i]rn[=o], Armor. & Corn. steren, L. stella, Gr. 'asth`r,
     'a`stron, Skr. star; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter,
     Skr. st[.r], L. sternere (cf. Stratum), and originally
     applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as
     being scatterers or spreaders of light. [root]296. Cf.
     Aster, Asteroid, Constellation, Disaster, Stellar.]
     1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the
        heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon,
        comets, and nebulae.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              His eyen twinkled in his head aright,
              As do the stars in the frosty night.  --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The stars are distinguished as planets, and fixed
           stars. See Planet, Fixed stars under Fixed, and
           Magnitude of a star under Magnitude.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The polestar; the north star. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny;
        (usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to
        influence fortune.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              O malignant and ill-brooding stars.   --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury. --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament
        worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              On whom . . .
              Lavish Honor showered all her stars.  --Tennyson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an
        asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or
        to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in
        the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding
        in the air, presents a starlike appearance.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially
        on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading
        theatrical performer, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Star is used in the formation of compound words
           generally of obvious signification; as, star-aspiring,
           star-bespangled, star-bestudded, star-blasting,
           star-bright, star-crowned, star-directed, star-eyed,
           star-headed, star-paved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled,
           star-wreathed.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Blazing star, Double star, Multiple star, Shooting
     star, etc. See under Blazing, Double, etc.
  
     Nebulous star (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
        nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.
        
  
     Star anise (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
        called from its star-shaped capsules.
  
     Star apple (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
        Cainito), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
        silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
        fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
        cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
        about sixty species, and the natural order ({Sapotaceae)
        to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family.
  
     Star conner, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
        astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.
  
     Star coral (Zool.), any one of numerous species of stony
        corals belonging to Astraea, Orbicella, and allied
        genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
        contain conspicuous radiating septa.
  
     Star cucumber. (Bot.) See under Cucumber.
  
     Star flower. (Bot.)
        (a) A plant of the genus Ornithogalum;
            star-of-Bethlehem.
        (b) See Starwort
        (b) .
        (c) An American plant of the genus Trientalis
            ({Trientalis Americana). --Gray.
  
     Star fort (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
        projecting angles; -- whence the name.
  
     Star gauge (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
        projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
        different parts of the bore of a gun.
  
     Star grass. (Bot.)
        (a) A small grasslike plant ({Hypoxis erecta) having
            star-shaped yellow flowers.
        (b) The colicroot. See Colicroot.
  
     Star hyacinth (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus Scilla
        ({Scilla autumnalis); -- called also star-headed
        hyacinth.
  
     Star jelly (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
        ({Nostoc commune, Nostoc edule, etc.). See Nostoc.
  
     Star lizard. (Zool.) Same as Stellion.
  
     Star-of-Bethlehem (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
        ({Ornithogalum umbellatum) having a small white starlike
        flower.
  
     Star-of-the-earth (Bot.), a plant of the genus Plantago
        ({Plantago coronopus), growing upon the seashore.
  
     Star polygon (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
        so as to form a star-shaped figure.
  
     Stars and Stripes, a popular name for the flag of the
        United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
        stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
        a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
        one for each.
  
              With the old flag, the true American flag, the
              Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
              chamber in which we sit.              --D. Webster.
  
     Star showers. See Shooting star, under Shooting.
  
     Star thistle (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
        solstitialis) having the involucre armed with stout
        radiating spines.
  
     Star wheel (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
        ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
        of some machines.
  
     Star worm (Zool.), a gephyrean.
  
     Temporary star (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
        shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
        These stars were supposed by some astronomers to be
        variable stars of long and undetermined periods. More
        recently, variations star in start intensity are
        classified more specifically, and this term is now
        obsolescent. See also nova. [Obsolescent]
  
     Variable star (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
        periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
        irregularly; -- called periodical star when its changes
        occur at fixed periods.
  
     Water star grass (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
        graminea) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
        [1913 Webster]

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