The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

2 definitions found
 for Special homology
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Homology \Ho*mol"o*gy\, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See Homologous.]
     1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation;
        as, the homologyof similar polygons.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in
        contradistinction to similarity of function; as, the
        relation in structure between the leg and arm of a man; or
        that between the arm of a man, the fore leg of a horse,
        the wing of a bird, and the fin of a fish, all these
        organs being modifications of one type of structure.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Homology indicates genetic relationship, and according
           to Haeckel special homology should be defined in terms
           of identity of embryonic origin. See Homotypy, and
           [1913 Webster]
     3. (Chem.) The correspondence or resemblance of substances
        belonging to the same type or series; a similarity of
        composition varying by a small, regular difference, and
        usually attended by a regular variation in physical
        properties; as, there is an homology between methane,
        CH4, ethane, C2H6, propane, C3H8, etc., all members
        of the paraffin series. In an extended sense, the term is
        applied to the relation between chemical elements of the
        same group; as, chlorine, bromine, and iodine are said to
        be in homology with each other. Cf. Heterology.
        [1913 Webster]
     General homology (Biol.), the higher relation which a
        series of parts, or a single part, bears to the
        fundamental or general type on which the group is
        constituted. --Owen.
     Serial homology (Biol.), representative or repetitive
        relation in the segments of the same organism, -- as in
        the lobster, where the parts follow each other in a
        straight line or series. --Owen. See Homotypy.
     Special homology (Biol.), the correspondence of a part or
        organ with those of a different animal, as determined by
        relative position and connection. --Owen.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Special \Spe"cial\, a. [L. specialis, fr. species a particular
     sort, kind, or quality: cf. F. sp['e]cial. See Species, and
     cf. Especial.]
     1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or
        [1913 Webster]
              A special is called by the schools a "species". --I.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Particular; peculiar; different from others;
        extraordinary; uncommon.
        [1913 Webster]
              Our Savior is represented everywhere in Scripture as
              the special patron of the poor and the afficted.
        [1913 Webster]
              To this special evil an improvement of style would
              apply a special redress.              --De Quincey.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion,
        or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress;
        a special sermon.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action,
        investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of
        commercial terms; a special branch of study.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. Chief in excellence. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              The king hath drawn
              The special head of all the land together. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     Special administration (Law), an administration limited to
        certain specified effects or acts, or one granted during a
        particular time or the existence of a special cause, as
        during a controversy respecting the probate of a will, or
        the right of administration, etc.
     Special agency, an agency confined to some particular
     Special bail, Bail above, or Bail to the action (Law),
        sureties who undertake that, if the defendant is
        convicted, he shall satisfy the plaintiff, or surrender
        himself into custody. --Tomlins. --Wharton (Law Dict.).
     Special constable. See under Constable. --Bouvier.
     Special damage (Law), a damage resulting from the act
        complained of, as a natural, but not the necessary,
        consequence of it.
     Special demurrer (Law), a demurrer for some defect of form
        in the opposite party pleading, in which the cause of
        demurrer is particularly stated.
     Special deposit, a deposit made of a specific thing to be
        kept distinct from others.
     Special homology. (Biol.) See under Homology.
     Special injuction (Law), an injuction granted on special
        grounds, arising of the circumstances of the case.
     Special issue (Law), an issue produced upon a special plea.
     Special jury (Law), a jury consisting of persons of some
        particular calling, station, or qualification, which is
        called upon motion of either party when the cause is
        supposed to require it; a struck jury.
     Special orders (Mil.), orders which do not concern, and are
        not published to, the whole command, such as those
        relating to the movement of a particular corps, a detail,
        a temporary camp, etc.
     Special partner, a limited partner; a partner with a
        limited or restricted responsibility; -- unknown at common
     Special partnership, a limited or particular partnership;
        -- a term sometimes applied to a partnership in a
        particular business, operation, or adventure.
     Special plea in bar (Law), a plea setting forth particular
        and new matter, distinguished from the general issue.
     Special pleader (Law), originally, a counsel who devoted
        himself to drawing special counts and pleas; in a wider
        sense, a lawyer who draws pleadings.
     Special pleading (Law), the allegation of special or new
        matter, as distingiushed from a direct denial of matter
        previously alleged on the side. --Bouvier. The popular
        denomination of the whole science of pleading. --Stephen.
        The phrase is sometimes popularly applied to the specious,
        but unsound, argumentation of one whose aim is victory,
        and not truth. --Burrill.
     Special property (Law), a qualified or limited ownership
        possession, as in wild animals, things found or bailed.
     Special session, an extraordinary session; a session at an
        unusual time or for an unusual purpose; as, a special
        session of Congress or of a legislature.
     Special statute, or Special law, an act of the
        legislature which has reference to a particular person,
        place, or interest; a private law; -- in distinction
        from a general law or public law.
     Special verdict (Law), a special finding of the facts of
        the case, leaving to the court the application of the law
        to them. --Wharton (Law Dict.).
        [1913 Webster]
     Syn: Peculiar; appropriate; specific; dictinctive;
          particular; exceptional; singular. See Peculiar.
          [1913 Webster]

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229