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3 definitions found
 for SENNACHERIB
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Sennacherib
      n 1: king of Assyria who invaded Judea twice and defeated
           Babylon and rebuilt Nineveh after it had been destroyed by
           Babylonians (died in 681 BC)

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Sennacherib
     Sin (the god) sends many brothers, son of Sargon, whom he
     succeeded on the throne of Assyria (B.C. 705), in the 23rd year
     of Hezekiah. "Like the Persian Xerxes, he was weak and
     vainglorious, cowardly under reverse, and cruel and boastful in
     success." He first set himself to break up the powerful
     combination of princes who were in league against him. Among
     these was Hezekiah, who had entered into an alliance with Egypt
     against Assyria. He accordingly led a very powerful army of at
     least 200,000 men into Judea, and devastated the land on every
     side, taking and destroying many cities (2 Kings 18:13-16; comp.
     Isa. 22, 24, 29, and 2 Chr. 32:1-8). His own account of this
     invasion, as given in the Assyrian annals, is in these words:
     "Because Hezekiah, king of Judah, would not submit to my yoke, I
     came up against him, and by force of arms and by the might of my
     power I took forty-six of his strong fenced cities; and of the
     smaller towns which were scattered about, I took and plundered a
     countless number. From these places I took and carried off
     200,156 persons, old and young, male and female, together with
     horses and mules, asses and camels, oxen and sheep, a countless
     multitude; and Hezekiah himself I shut up in Jerusalem, his
     capital city, like a bird in a cage, building towers round the
     city to hem him in, and raising banks of earth against the
     gates, so as to prevent escape...Then upon Hezekiah there fell
     the fear of the power of my arms, and he sent out to me the
     chiefs and the elders of Jerusalem with 30 talents of gold and
     800 talents of silver, and divers treasures, a rich and immense
     booty...All these things were brought to me at Nineveh, the seat
     of my government." (Comp. Isa. 22:1-13 for description of the
     feelings of the inhabitants of Jerusalem at such a crisis.)
     
       Hezekiah was not disposed to become an Assyrian feudatory. He
     accordingly at once sought help from Egypt (2 Kings 18:20-24).
     Sennacherib, hearing of this, marched a second time into
     Palestine (2 Kings 18:17, 37; 19; 2 Chr. 32:9-23; Isa. 36:2-22.
     Isa. 37:25 should be rendered "dried up all the Nile-arms of
     Matsor," i.e., of Egypt, so called from the "Matsor" or great
     fortification across the isthmus of Suez, which protected it
     from invasions from the east). Sennacherib sent envoys to try to
     persuade Hezekiah to surrender, but in vain. (See TIRHAKAH.) He next sent a threatening letter (2 Kings
     19:10-14), which Hezekiah carried into the temple and spread
     before the Lord. Isaiah again brought an encouraging message to
     the pious king (2 Kings 19:20-34). "In that night" the angel of
     the Lord went forth and smote the camp of the Assyrians. In the
     morning, "behold, they were all dead corpses." The Assyrian army
     was annihilated.
     
       This great disaster is not, as was to be expected, taken
     notice of in the Assyrian annals.
     
       Though Sennacherib survived this disaster some twenty years,
     he never again renewed his attempt against Jerusalem. He was
     murdered by two of his own sons (Adrammelech and Sharezer), and
     was succeeded by another son, Esarhaddon (B.C. 681), after a
     reign of twenty-four years.
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  Sennacherib, bramble of destruction
  

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