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4 definitions found
 for Platinum
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Platinum \Plat"i*num\, n. [NL., fr. Sp. platina, from plata
     silver, LL. plata a thin plate of metal. See Plate, and cf.
     Platina.] (Chem.)
     A metallic element of atomic number 78, one of the noble
     metals, classed with silver and gold as a precious metal,
     occurring native or alloyed with other metals and also as the
     platinum arsenide (sperrylite). It is a heavy tin-white metal
     which is ductile and malleable, but very infusible (melting
     point 1772[deg] C), and characterized by its resistance to
     strong chemical reagents. It is used for crucibles in
     laboratory operations, as a catalyst, in jewelry, for stills
     for sulphuric acid, rarely for coin, and in the form of foil
     and wire for many purposes. Specific gravity 21.5. Atomic
     weight 195.1. Symbol Pt. Formerly called platina.
     [1913 Webster +PJC]
     Platinum black (Chem.), a soft, dull black powder,
        consisting of finely divided metallic platinum obtained by
        reduction and precipitation from its solutions. It absorbs
        oxygen to a high degree, and is employed as an oxidizer.
     Platinum lamp (Elec.), a kind of incandescent lamp of which
        the luminous medium is platinum. See under Incandescent.
     Platinum metals (Chem.), the group of metallic elements
        which in their chemical and physical properties resemble
        platinum. These consist of the light platinum group, viz.,
        rhodium, ruthenium, and palladium, whose specific
        gravities are about 12; and the heavy platinum group,
        viz., osmium, iridium, and platinum, whose specific
        gravities are over 21.
     Platinum sponge (Chem.), metallic platinum in a gray,
        porous, spongy form, obtained by reducing the double
        chloride of platinum and ammonium. It absorbs oxygen,
        hydrogen, and certain other gases, to a high degree, and
        is employed as an agent in oxidizing.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a heavy precious metallic element; grey-white and resistant
           to corroding; occurs in some nickel and copper ores and is
           also found native in some deposits [syn: platinum, Pt,
           atomic number 78]

From The Elements (07Nov00) :

  Symbol: Pt
  Atomic number: 78
  Atomic weight: 195.078
  Attractive greyish-white metal. When pure, it is malleable and ductile.
  Does not oxidize in air, insoluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid.
  Corroded by halogens, cyanides, sulphur and alkalis. Hydrogen and
  oxygen react explosively in the presence of platinum. There are six
  stable isotopes and three radioisotopes, the most stable being Pt-193
  with a half-life of 60 years. Platinum is used in jewelry, laboratory
  equipment, electrical contacts, dentistry, and anti-pollution devices in
  cars. PtCl2(NH3)2 is used to treat some forms of cancer.
  alloys have magnetic properties. It is also used in the definition of
  the Standard Hydrogen Electrode. Discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in South
  America in 1735. The name comes from the Spanish word platina which
  silver. Platinum metal is generally not a health concern due to its
  unreactivity, however platinum compounds should be considered highly

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Platinum, AK -- U.S. city in Alaska
     Population (2000):    41
     Housing Units (2000): 26
     Land area (2000):     44.630629 sq. miles (115.592794 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.071778 sq. miles (0.185904 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    44.702407 sq. miles (115.778698 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            61080
     Located within:       Alaska (AK), FIPS 02
     Location:             59.006890 N, 161.815290 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     99651
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Platinum, AK

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