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6 definitions found
 for Piper nigrum
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pepper \Pep"per\ (p[e^]p"p[~e]r), n. [OE. peper, AS. pipor, L.
     piper, fr. Gr. pe`peri, pi`peri, akin to Skr. pippala,
     pippali.]
     1. A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried
        berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Common pepper, or black pepper, is made from the
           whole berry, dried just before maturity; white pepper
           is made from the ripe berry after the outer skin has
           been removed by maceration and friction. It has less of
           the peculiar properties of the plant than the black
           pepper. Pepper is used in medicine as a carminative
           stimulant.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Bot.) The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody
        climber ({Piper nigrum), with ovate leaves and apetalous
        flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red
        when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several
        hundred species of the genus Piper, widely dispersed
        throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the
        earth.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Any plant of the genus Capsicum (of the Solanaceae
        family, which are unrelated to Piper), and its fruit;
        red pepper; chili pepper; as, the bell pepper and the
        jalapeno pepper (both Capsicum annuum) and the
        habanero+pepper+({Capsicum+chinense">habanero pepper ({Capsicum chinense); . These contain
        capsaicin+({C18H27O3N">varying levels of the substance capsaicin ({C18H27O3N),
        which gives the peppers their hot taste. The habanero is
        about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a
        scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912. See also
        Capsicum and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/.
        [1913 Webster + PJC]
  
     Note: The term pepper has been extended to various other
           fruits and plants, more or less closely resembling the
           true pepper, esp. to the common varieties of
           Capsicum. See Capsicum, and the Phrases, below.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     African pepper, the Guinea pepper. See under Guinea.
  
     Cayenne pepper. See under Cayenne.
  
     Chinese pepper, the spicy berries of the Xanthoxylum
        piperitum, a species of prickly ash found in China and
        Japan.
  
     Guinea pepper. See under Guinea, and Capsicum.
  
     Jamaica pepper. See Allspice.
  
     Long pepper.
        (a) The spike of berries of Piper longum, an East Indian
            shrub.
        (b) The root of Piper methysticum (syn. Macropiper
            methysticum) of the family Piperaceae. See Kava.
            
  
     Malaguetta pepper, or Meleguetta pepper, the aromatic
        seeds of the Amomum Melegueta, an African plant of the
        Ginger family. They are sometimes used to flavor beer,
        etc., under the name of grains of Paradise.
  
     Red pepper. See Capsicum.
  
     Sweet pepper bush (Bot.), an American shrub ({Clethra
        alnifolia), with racemes of fragrant white flowers; --
        called also white alder.
  
     Pepper box or Pepper caster, a small box or bottle, with
        a perforated lid, used for sprinkling ground pepper on
        food, etc.
  
     Pepper corn. See in the Vocabulary.
  
     Pepper elder (Bot.), a West Indian name of several plants
        of the Pepper family, species of Piper and Peperomia.
        
  
     Pepper+moth+(Zool.),+a+European+moth+({Biston+betularia">Pepper moth (Zool.), a European moth ({Biston betularia)
        having white wings covered with small black specks.
  
     Pepper pot, a mucilaginous soup or stew of vegetables and
        cassareep, much esteemed in the West Indies.
  
     Pepper root. (Bot.). See Coralwort.
  
     pepper sauce, a condiment for the table, made of small red
        peppers steeped in vinegar.
  
     Pepper+tree+(Bot.),+an+aromatic+tree+({Drimys+axillaris">Pepper tree (Bot.), an aromatic tree ({Drimys axillaris)
        of the Magnolia family, common in New Zealand. See
        Peruvian mastic tree, under Mastic.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Peppercorn \Pep"per*corn`\, n.
     1. A dried berry of the black pepper ({Piper nigrum).
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Anything insignificant; a particle.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Piperine \Pip"er*ine\, n. [L. piper pepper: cf. F. piperin,
     piperine.] (Chem.)
     A white crystalline compound of piperidine and piperic acid.
     It is obtained from the black pepper ({Piper nigrum) and
     other species.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Piperaceous \Pip`er*a"ceous\, a. [L. piper pepper.] (Bot.)
     Of or pertaining to the order of plants ({Piperace[ae]) of
     which the pepper ({Piper nigrum) is the type. There are
     about a dozen genera and a thousand species, mostly tropical
     plants with pungent and aromatic qualities.
     [1913 Webster] Piperazine

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  madagascar pepper \madagascar pepper\ n. (Bot.)
     A climber ({Piper nigrum) having dark red berries
     (peppercorns) when fully ripe; found in South India and Sri
     Lanka; naturalized in North Burma and Assam.
  
     Syn: pepper, common pepper, black pepper, white pepper,
          Madagascar pepper, Piper nigrum.
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Piper nigrum
      n 1: climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully
           ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern
           Burma and Assam [syn: pepper, common pepper, black
           pepper, white pepper, Madagascar pepper, Piper
           nigrum]

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