dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information


6 definitions found
 for Ohio
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Ohio
      n 1: a midwestern state in north central United States in the
           Great Lakes region [syn: Ohio, Buckeye State, OH]
      2: a river that is formed in western Pennsylvania and flows
         westward to become a tributary of the Mississippi River [syn:
         Ohio, Ohio River]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  OHIO. The name of one of the new states of the United States of America. It 
  was admitted into the Union by virtue of the act of congress, entitled "An 
  act to enable the people of the eastern division of the territory north-west 
  of the river Ohio, to form a constitution and state government, and for the 
  admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the 
  original states, and for other purposes," approved, May 30, 1802, 2 Story's 
  L. U. S. 869; by which it is enacted, 
       Sec. 1. That the inhabitants of the eastern division of the territory 
  north-west of the river Ohio, be, and they are hereby authorized to form for 
  themselves a constitution and state government, and to assume such name as 
  they shall deem proper; and the said state, when formed, shall be admitted 
  into the Union, upon the same footing with the original states, in all 
  respects whatever. 
       2.-Sec. 2. That the said state shall consist of all the territory 
  included within the following boundaries, to wit: Bounded on the east by the 
  Pennsylvania line, on the south by the Ohio river, to the month of the Great 
  Miami river, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the 
  Great Miami aforesaid, and on the north by an east and west line dawn 
  through the southerly extreme of lake Michigan, running east, after 
  intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami 
  until it shall intersect lake Erie, or the territorial line, and thence, 
  with the same, through lake Erie, to the Pennsylvania line aforesaid: 
  Provided, That congress shall be at liberty, at any time hereafter, either 
  to attach all the territory lying east of the line to be drawn due north 
  from the mouth of the Miami aforesaid to the territorial line, and north of 
  an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of lake Michigan, 
  running east as aforesaid to lake Eric, to the aforesaid state, or dispose 
  of it otherwise, in conformity to the fifth Article of compact between the 
  original states and the people and states to be formed are the territory 
  north-west of the river Ohio. 
       3. By virtue of the authority given them by the act of congress, the 
  people of the eastern division of said territory met in convention at 
  Chillicothe; on Monday, the, first day of November, 1802, by which they did 
  ordain and establish the constitution and form of government, and did 
  mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free and 
  independent state, by the name of The State of Ohio. This constitution has 
  been superseded by the present one, which was adopted in 1851. The powers of 
  the government are separated into three distinct branches, the legislative, 
  the executive, and the judicial. 
       4.-1st. By article 2, the legislative department is constituted as 
  follows: 
       5.-Sec. 1. The legislative power of this state shall be vested in a 
  general assembly, which shall consist of a senate, and house of 
  representatives. 
       6.-Sec. 2. Senators and representatives shall be elected biennially, 
  by the electors in the respective counties or districts, on the second 
  Tuesday of October; their term of office shall commence on the first, day of 
  January next thereafter, and continue two years. 
       7.-Sec. 3. Senators and representatives shall have resided in their 
  respective counties, or districts, one year next preceding their election, 
  unless they shall have been absent on the public business of the United 
  States, or of this state. 
       8.-Sec. 4. No person holding office under the authority of the United 
  States, or any lucrative office under the authority of this state, shall be 
  eligible to, or have a seat in, the general assembly; but this provision 
  shall not extend to township officers, justices of the peace, notaries 
  public, or officers of the militia. 
       9.-Sec. 5. No person hereafter convicted of an embezzlement of the 
  public funds, shall hold any office in this state; nor shall any person, 
  holding public money for disbursement, or otherwise, have a seat in the 
  general assembly, until, he shall have accounted for, and paid such money 
  into the treasury. 
      10.-Sec. 6. All regular sessions of the general assembly shall 
  commence on the first Monday of January, biennially. The first session, 
  under this constitution, shall commence on the first Monday of January, one 
  thousand eight hundred and fifty-two. 
      11.-Sec. 7. The style of the laws of this state, shall be, "Be it 
  enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio." 
      12.-Sec. 8. The apportionment of this state for members of the general 
  assembly, shall be made every ten years, after the year one thousand eight 
  hundred and fifty-one, in the following manner: The whole population of the 
  state, as ascertained by the federal census, or in such other mode as the 
  general assembly may direct, shall be divided by the number: one hundred,: 
  and the quotient shall be the ratio of representation in the house of 
  representatives for ten years next succeeding such apportionment. 
      13.-Sec. 9. Every county, having a population equal to one-half of 
  said ratio, shall be entitled to one representative; every county, 
  containing said ratio, and three-fourths over, shall be entitled to two 
  representatives; every county, containing three times said ratio, shall be 
  entitled to three representatives: and so on, requiring after the first two, 
  an entire ratio for each additional representative. 
      14.-Sec. 10. When any county shall have a fraction above the ratio, so 
  large, that being multiplied by five, the result will be equal to one or 
  more ratios, additional representatives shall be apportioned for such 
  ratios, among the several sessions of the decennial period, in the following 
  manner: If there be only one ratio, a representative shall be allotted to 
  the fifth session of the decennial period; if there are two ratios, a 
  representative shall be allotted to the fourth and third sessions, 
  respectively if three, to the third, second, and first sessions, 
  respectively; if four, to the fourth, third, second, and first sessions, 
  respectively. 
      15.-Sec. 11. Any county, forming with another county or counties, a 
  representative district, during one decennial period, if it have acquired 
  sufficient population at the next decennial period; shall be entitled to a 
  separate representation, if there shall be left, in the district from which 
  it shall have been separated, or population sufficient for a representative; 
  but no such change shall be made, except at the regular decennial period for 
  the apportionment of representatives. 
      16.-Sec. 12. If, in fixing any subsequent ratio, a county, previously 
  entitled to a separate representation, shall have less than the number 
  required by the new ratio for a representative, such county shall be 
  attached to the county adjoining it; having the least number of inhabitants; 
  and the representation of the district, so formed, shall be determined as 
  herein provided. 
      17.-Sec. 13. The ratio for a senator shall, forever hereafter, be 
  ascertained, by dividing the whole population of the state by the number 
  thirty-five. 
      18.-Sec. 14. The same rule shall be applied, in apportioning the 
  fractions of senatorial districts, and in annexing districts, which may 
  hereafter have less than three-fourths of a senatorial ratio, as are applied 
  to representative districts. 
      19.-Sec. 15. Any county forming part of a senatorial district, having 
  acquired a population equal to a full senatorial ratio, shall be made a 
  separate senatorial district, at any regular decennial apportionment, if a 
  full senatorial ratio shall be left in the district from which it shall be 
  taken. 
      20.-Sec. 16. For the first ten years, after the year one thousand 
  eight hundred and fifty-one, the apportionment of representatives shall be 
  as provided, in the schedule, and no change shall ever be made in the 
  principles of representation, as herein established, or in the senatorial 
  districts, except as above provided. All territory, belonging to a county at 
  the time of any apportionment, shall, as to the right of representation and 
  suffrage, remain an integral part thereof, during the decennial period. 
      21.-Sec. 17. The governor, auditor, and secretary of state, or any two 
  of them, shall, at least six months prior to the October election, in the 
  year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and, at each decennial period 
  thereafter, ascertain and determine the ratio of representation, according 
  to the decennial census, the number of representatives and senators each 
  county or district shall be entitled to elect, and for what years, within 
  the next ensuing ten years, and the governor shall cause the same to be 
  published, in such manner as shall be directed by law. 
      22.- Sec. 18. Every white male citizen of the United States, of the age 
  of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of the state one year 
  next preceding the election and of the county, township, or ward, in which 
  he resides, such time as may be provided by law, shall have the 
  qualifications of an elector, and be entitled to vote at all elections. 
      23.-Sec. 19. No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in 
  this state, unless he possess, the qualifications of an elector. 
      24.-3d. By article 3, the executive department is constituted as 
  follows: 
      25.-Sec. 1. The executive department shall consist of a governor, 
  lieutenant governor, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer, and an attorney 
  general, who shall be chosen by the electors of the state, on the second 
  Tuesday of October, and at the places of voting for members of the general 
  assembly. 
      26.-Sec. 2. The governor, lieutenant governor, Secretary of State, 
  treasurer, and attorney general, shall hold their offices for two years; and 
  the auditor for four years. Their terms of office shall commence on the 
  second Monday of January next after their election, and continue until their 
  successors are elected and qualified. 
      27.-Sec. 3. The returns of every election for the officers, named in 
  the foregoing section, shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of 
  government, by the returning officers, directed to the resident of the 
  senate, who, during the first week of the session, shall open and publish 
  them, and declare the result, in the presence of a majority of the members 
  of each house of the general assembly. The person having the highest number 
  of votes shall be declared duly elected; but if any two or more shall be 
  highest, and equal in votes, for the same office, one of them shall be 
  chosen, by the joint vote of both houses. 
      28.-Sec. 4. Should there be no session of the general assembly in 
  January next after an election for any of the officers aforesaid, the 
  returns of such election shall be made to the secretary of state, and 
  opened, and the result declared by the governor, in such manner as may be 
  provided by law. 
      29.-Sec. 5. The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested 
  in the governor. 
      30.-Sec. 6. He may require information, in writing, from the officers 
  in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of 
  their respective office's; and shall see that the laws are faithfully 
  executed. 
      31.-Sec. 7. He shall communicate at every session, by message, to the 
  general assembly, the condition of the state, and recommend such measures as 
  he shall deem expedient. 
      32.-Sec. 8. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general 
  assembly by proclamation, and shall state to both houses, when assembled, 
  the purpose for which they have been convened. 
      33.-Sec. 9. In case of disagreement between the two houses, in respect 
  to the time of adjournment, he shall have power to adjourn the general 
  assembly to such time as he may think proper, but not beyond the regular 
  meetings thereof. 
      34.-Sec. 10. He shall be commander-in-chief of the military and naval 
  forces of the state, except when they shall be called into the service of 
  the United States. 
      35.-Sec. 11. He shall have power, after conviction, to grant 
  reprieves, commutations, and pardons, for all crimes and offences, except 
  treason and cases of impeachment, upon such conditions as he may think 
  proper; subject, however, to such regulations, as to the manner of applying 
  for pardons, as may be prescribed by Upon conviction for treason, he may 
  suspend the execution of the sentence, and report the case to the general 
  assembly, at its next meeting, when the general assembly shall either 
  pardon, commute the sentence, direct its execution, or grant a further 
  reprieve. He shall communicate to the general assembly, at every regular 
  session, each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon granted, stating the 
  name and crime of the convict, the sentence, its date, and the date of the 
  commutation, pardon, or reprieve, with his reasons therefor. 
      36.-Sec. 12. There shall be a seal of the state, which shall be kept 
  by the governor and used by him officially; and shall be called "The Great 
  Seal of the State of Ohio." 
      37.-Sec. 13. All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name, 
  and by the authority, of the State of Ohio; sealed with the great seal 
  signed, by the governor, and countersigned by the secretary of state. 
      38.-Sec. 14. No member of congress, or other person holding office 
  under the authority of this state, or of the United States, shall execute 
  the office of governor, except as herein provided. 
      39.-Sec. 15. In case of the death, impeachment, resignation, removal, 
  or other disability of the governor, the powers and duties of the office, 
  for the residue of the term, or until he shall be acquitted, or the 
  disability removed, shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor. 
      40.-Sec. 16. The lieutenant governor shall be president of the senate, 
  but shall vote only when the, senate is equally divided; and in case of him 
  absence, or impeachment, or when he shall exercise the office of governor, 
  the senate shall choose a president pro tempore. 
      41.-Sec. 17. If the lieutenant governor, while executing the office of 
  governor, shall be impeached, displaced, resign or die, or otherwise become 
  incapable of performing the duties of the office, the president of the 
  senate shall act as governor, until the vacancy is filled, or the disability 
  removed; and if the president of the senate, for any of the above causes, 
  shall be rendered incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the 
  office of governor, the same shall devolve upon the speaker of the house of 
  representatives. 
      42.-Sec. 18. Should the office of auditor, treasurer, secretary, or 
  attorney general, become vacant for any of the causes specified in the 
  fifteenth section of this article, the governor shall fill the vacancy until 
  the disability is removed, or a successor elected and qualified. Every such 
  vacancy shall be filled by election, at the first general election that 
  occurs, more than thirty days after it shall have happened; and the person 
  chosen shall hold the office for the full term fixed in the second section 
  of this article. 
      43.-Sec. 19. The officers mentioned in this article, shall, at stated 
  times, receive for their services, a compensation to be established by law, 
  which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which 
  they shall have been elected. 
      44.-Sec. 20. The officers of the executive department, and of the 
  public state institutions, shall, at least five days preceding each regular 
  session of the general assembly, severally report to the governor, who shall 
  transmit such reports, with his message, to the general assembly. 
      45.-4th. By article 4, the judicial department is constituted as 
  follows: 
      46.-Sec. 1. The judicial power of the state shall be vested, in a supreme 
  court, in district courts, courts of common pleas, courts of probate, 
  justices of the peace, and in such other courts, inferior to the supreme 
  court, in one or more counties, as the general assembly, may from time to 
  time establish. 
      47.-Sec. 2. The supreme court shall consist of five judges, a majority 
  of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum, or to pronounce a decision. It 
  shall have original jurisdiction in quo warranto, mandamus, habeas corpus, 
  and procedendo and such appellate jurisdiction as may be provided by law. It 
  shall hold at least one term in each year, at the seat of government, and 
  such other terms, at the seat of government, or elsewhere, as may be 
  provided by law. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected by the 
  electors of the state at large. 
      48.-Sec. 3. The state shall be divided into nine common pleas 
  districts, of which the county of Hamilton shall constitute one, of compact 
  territory, and bounded by county lines; and each of said districts, 
  consisting of three or more counties, shall be subdivided into three parts, 
  of compact territory, bounded by county lines, and as nearly equal, in 
  population as practicable; in each of which, one judge of the court of 
  common pleas for said district, and residing therein, shall be elected by 
  the electors of said subdivision. Courts of common pleas shall be held, by 
  one or more of these judges, in every county in the district, as often as 
  may be provided by law; and more than one court, or sitting thereof, may be 
  held at the same time in each district. 
      49.-Sec. 4. The jurisdiction of the courts of common pleas, and of 
  the judges thereof, shall be fixed by law. 
      50.-Sec. 5. District courts shall be composed of the judges of the 
  court of common pleas of the respective districts, and one of the judges of 
  the supreme court, any three of whom shall be a quorum, and shall be held in 
  each county therein, at least once in each year; but, if it shall be found 
  inexpedient to hold such court annually, in each county, of any district, 
  the general assembly may, for such district, provide that said court shall 
  hold at least three annual sessions therein, in not less than three places: 
  Provided, that the general assembly may, by law, authorize the judges of 
  each district to fix the times of holding the courts therein. 
      51.-Sec. 6. The district court shall have like original jurisdiction 
  with the supreme court, and such appellate jurisdiction as may be provided 
  by law. 
      52.-Sec. 7. There shall be established in each county, a probate 
  court, which shall be a court of record, open at all times, and holden by 
  one judge, elected by the voters of the county, who shall hold his office 
  for the term of three years, and shall receive such compensation, payable 
  out of the county treasury, or by fees, or both; as shall be provided by 
  law. 
      53.-Sec. 8. The probate court shall have jurisdiction in probate and 
  testamentary matters, the appointment of administrators and guardians, the 
  settlement of the accounts of executors, administrators and guardians, and 
  such jurisdiction in habeas corpus, the issuing of marriage licenses, and 
  for the sale of land by executors, administrators and guardians, and such 
  other jurisdiction, in any county, or counties, as may be provided by law. 
      54.-Sec. 9. A competent number of justices of the peace shall be 
  elected, by the electors, in each township in the several counties. Their 
  term, of office shall be three years, and their powers and duties shall be 
  regulated by law. 
      55.-Sec. 10. All judges, other than those provided for in this 
  constitution, shall be elected by the electors of the judicial district for 
  which they may be created, but not for a longer term of office than five 
  years. 
      56.-Sec. 11. The judges of the supreme court shall, immediately after 
  the first election under this constitution, be classified by lot, so that 
  one shall hold for the term of one year, one for two years, one for three 
  years, one for four years, and one for five years; and, at all subsequent 
  elections, the term of each of said judges shall be for five years. 
      57.-Sec. 12. The judges of the courts of common pleas shall, while in 
  office, reside in the district for which they, are elected; and their term 
  of office shall be for five years. 
      58.-Sec. 13. In case the office of any judge shall become vacant 
  before the expiration of the regular term for which he was elected, the 
  vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the governor, until a successor is 
  elected and qualified; and such successor shall be elected for the unexpired 
  term, at the first annual election that occurs more than thirty, days after 
  the vacancy shall have happened. 
      59.-Sec. 14. The judges of the supreme court, and of the court of 
  common pleas shall, at stated times, receive for their services, such 
  compensation as may be provided by law, which shall not be diminished or 
  increased, during their term of office; but they shall receive no fees or 
  perquisites, nor hold any other office of profit or trust, under the 
  authority of this state, or the United States. All votes for either of them, 
  for any elective office, except a judicial office, under the authority of 
  this state, given by the general assembly, or the people, shall be void. 
      60.-Sec. 15. The general assembly may increase or diminish the number 
  of the judges of the supreme court, the number of the districts of the court 
  of common pleas, the number of judges in any district; change the districts, 
  or the subdivisions thereof, or establish other courts, whenever two-thirds 
  of the members elected to each house shall concur therein; but no such 
  change, addition, or diminution, shall vacate the office of any judge. 
      61.-Sec. 16. There shall be elected in each county by the electors 
  thereof, one clerk of the court of common pleas, who shall hold his office 
  for the term of three years, and until his successor shall be elected and 
  qualified. He shall, by virtue of his office, be clerk of all other courts 
  of record held therein; but the general assembly may provide by law, for the 
  election of a clerk, with a like term of office, for each or any other of 
  the courts of record, and may authorize the judge of the probate court to 
  perform the duties of clerk for his court, under such regulations as may be 
  directed by law. Clerks of courts shall be removable for such cause, and in 
  such manner, as shall be prescribed by law. 
      62.-Sec. 17. Judges may be removed from office, by concurrent 
  resolution of both houses of the general assembly, if two-thirds of the 
  members elected to each house concur therein; but no such removal shall be 
  made, except upon complaint, the substance of which shall be entered on the 
  journal, nor until the party charged shall have had notice thereof, and an 
  opportunity to be heard. 
      63.-Sec. 18. The several judges of the supreme court, of the common 
  pleas, and of such other courts as may be created, shall, respectively, have 
  and exercise such power and jurisdiction, at chambers, or otherwise as may 
  be directed by law. 
      64.-Sec. 19. The general assembly may establish courts of 
  conciliation, and prescribe their powers and duties; but such courts shall 
  not render final judgment in any case, except upon submission, by the 
  parties of the matter in dispute, and their agreement to abide such 
  judgment. 
      65.-Sec. 20. The style of all process shall be, "The State of Ohio;" 
  all prosecutions shall be carried on in the name and by the authority of the 
  state of Ohio; and all indictments shall conclude, "against the peace and 
  dignity of the state of Ohio." 
  
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Ohio -- U.S. County in Kentucky
     Population (2000):    22916
     Housing Units (2000): 9909
     Land area (2000):     593.789132 sq. miles (1537.906727 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    2.943132 sq. miles (7.622677 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    596.732264 sq. miles (1545.529404 sq. km)
     Located within:       Kentucky (KY), FIPS 21
     Location:             37.456506 N, 86.879363 W
     Headwords:
      Ohio
      Ohio, KY
      Ohio County
      Ohio County, KY
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Ohio -- U.S. County in Indiana
     Population (2000):    5623
     Housing Units (2000): 2424
     Land area (2000):     86.723533 sq. miles (224.612911 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.746984 sq. miles (1.934679 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    87.470517 sq. miles (226.547590 sq. km)
     Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
     Location:             38.948067 N, 84.940039 W
     Headwords:
      Ohio
      Ohio, IN
      Ohio County
      Ohio County, IN
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Ohio -- U.S. County in West Virginia
     Population (2000):    47427
     Housing Units (2000): 22166
     Land area (2000):     106.176455 sq. miles (274.995745 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    2.679173 sq. miles (6.939026 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    108.855628 sq. miles (281.934771 sq. km)
     Located within:       West Virginia (WV), FIPS 54
     Location:             40.078772 N, 80.676120 W
     Headwords:
      Ohio
      Ohio, WV
      Ohio County
      Ohio County, WV
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Ohio, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
     Population (2000):    540
     Housing Units (2000): 241
     Land area (2000):     0.752831 sq. miles (1.949822 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.752831 sq. miles (1.949822 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            55379
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             41.556900 N, 89.460995 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     61349
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Ohio, IL
      Ohio
  

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229