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3 definitions found
 for Nostoc commune
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Nostoc \Nos"toc\, prop. n. [F.] (Bot.)
     A genus of algae. The plants are composed of moniliform cells
     imbedded in a gelatinous substance.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Nostoc commune is found on the ground, and is
           ordinarily not seen; but after a rain it swells up into
           a conspicuous jellylike mass, which was formerly
           supposed to have fallen from the sky, whence the
           popular names, fallen star and star jelly. Also
           called witches' butter.
           [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Star \Star\ (st[aum]r), n. [OE. sterre, AS. steorra; akin to
     OFries. stera, OS. sterro, D. ster, OHG. sterno, sterro, G.
     stern, Icel. stjarna, Sw. stjerna, Dan. stierne, Goth.
     sta['i]rn[=o], Armor. & Corn. steren, L. stella, Gr. 'asth`r,
     'a`stron, Skr. star; perhaps from a root meaning, to scatter,
     Skr. st[.r], L. sternere (cf. Stratum), and originally
     applied to the stars as being strewn over the sky, or as
     being scatterers or spreaders of light. [root]296. Cf.
     Aster, Asteroid, Constellation, Disaster, Stellar.]
     1. One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the
        heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon,
        comets, and nebulae.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              His eyen twinkled in his head aright,
              As do the stars in the frosty night.  --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The stars are distinguished as planets, and fixed
           stars. See Planet, Fixed stars under Fixed, and
           Magnitude of a star under Magnitude.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The polestar; the north star. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Astrol.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny;
        (usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to
        influence fortune.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              O malignant and ill-brooding stars.   --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Blesses his stars, and thinks it luxury. --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament
        worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              On whom . . .
              Lavish Honor showered all her stars.  --Tennyson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an
        asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or
        to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Pyrotechny) A composition of combustible matter used in
        the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding
        in the air, presents a starlike appearance.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially
        on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading
        theatrical performer, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Star is used in the formation of compound words
           generally of obvious signification; as, star-aspiring,
           star-bespangled, star-bestudded, star-blasting,
           star-bright, star-crowned, star-directed, star-eyed,
           star-headed, star-paved, star-roofed, star-sprinkled,
           star-wreathed.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Blazing star, Double star, Multiple star, Shooting
     star, etc. See under Blazing, Double, etc.
  
     Nebulous star (Astron.), a small well-defined circular
        nebula, having a bright nucleus at its center like a star.
        
  
     Star anise (Bot.), any plant of the genus Illicium; -- so
        called from its star-shaped capsules.
  
     Star apple (Bot.), a tropical American tree ({Chrysophyllum
        Cainito), having a milky juice and oblong leaves with a
        silky-golden pubescence beneath. It bears an applelike
        fruit, the carpels of which present a starlike figure when
        cut across. The name is extended to the whole genus of
        about sixty species, and the natural order ({Sapotaceae)
        to which it belongs is called the Star-apple family.
  
     Star conner, one who cons, or studies, the stars; an
        astronomer or an astrologer. --Gascoigne.
  
     Star coral (Zool.), any one of numerous species of stony
        corals belonging to Astraea, Orbicella, and allied
        genera, in which the calicles are round or polygonal and
        contain conspicuous radiating septa.
  
     Star cucumber. (Bot.) See under Cucumber.
  
     Star flower. (Bot.)
        (a) A plant of the genus Ornithogalum;
            star-of-Bethlehem.
        (b) See Starwort
        (b) .
        (c) An American plant of the genus Trientalis
            ({Trientalis Americana). --Gray.
  
     Star fort (Fort.), a fort surrounded on the exterior with
        projecting angles; -- whence the name.
  
     Star gauge (Ordnance), a long rod, with adjustable points
        projecting radially at its end, for measuring the size of
        different parts of the bore of a gun.
  
     Star grass. (Bot.)
        (a) A small grasslike plant ({Hypoxis erecta) having
            star-shaped yellow flowers.
        (b) The colicroot. See Colicroot.
  
     Star hyacinth (Bot.), a bulbous plant of the genus Scilla
        ({Scilla autumnalis); -- called also star-headed
        hyacinth.
  
     Star jelly (Bot.), any one of several gelatinous plants
        ({Nostoc commune, Nostoc edule, etc.). See Nostoc.
  
     Star lizard. (Zool.) Same as Stellion.
  
     Star-of-Bethlehem (Bot.), a bulbous liliaceous plant
        ({Ornithogalum umbellatum) having a small white starlike
        flower.
  
     Star-of-the-earth (Bot.), a plant of the genus Plantago
        ({Plantago coronopus), growing upon the seashore.
  
     Star polygon (Geom.), a polygon whose sides cut each other
        so as to form a star-shaped figure.
  
     Stars and Stripes, a popular name for the flag of the
        United States, which consists of thirteen horizontal
        stripes, alternately red and white, and a union having, in
        a blue field, white stars to represent the several States,
        one for each.
  
              With the old flag, the true American flag, the
              Eagle, and the Stars and Stripes, waving over the
              chamber in which we sit.              --D. Webster.
  
     Star showers. See Shooting star, under Shooting.
  
     Star thistle (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea
        solstitialis) having the involucre armed with stout
        radiating spines.
  
     Star wheel (Mach.), a star-shaped disk, used as a kind of
        ratchet wheel, in repeating watches and the feed motions
        of some machines.
  
     Star worm (Zool.), a gephyrean.
  
     Temporary star (Astron.), a star which appears suddenly,
        shines for a period, and then nearly or quite disappears.
        These stars were supposed by some astronomers to be
        variable stars of long and undetermined periods. More
        recently, variations star in start intensity are
        classified more specifically, and this term is now
        obsolescent. See also nova. [Obsolescent]
  
     Variable star (Astron.), a star whose brilliancy varies
        periodically, generally with regularity, but sometimes
        irregularly; -- called periodical star when its changes
        occur at fixed periods.
  
     Water star grass (Bot.), an aquatic plant ({Schollera
        graminea) with small yellow starlike blossoms.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Witch \Witch\, n. [OE. wicche, AS. wicce, fem., wicca, masc.;
     perhaps the same word as AS. w[imac]tiga, w[imac]tga, a
     soothsayer (cf. Wiseacre); cf. Fries. wikke, a witch, LG.
     wikken to predict, Icel. vitki a wizard, vitka to bewitch.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. One who practices the black art, or magic; one regarded as
        possessing supernatural or magical power by compact with
        an evil spirit, esp. with the Devil; a sorcerer or
        sorceress; -- now applied chiefly or only to women, but
        formerly used of men as well.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There was a man in that city whose name was Simon, a
              witch.                                --Wyclif (Acts
                                                    viii. 9).
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He can not abide the old woman of Brentford; he
              swears she's a witch.                 --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. An ugly old woman; a hag. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. One who exercises more than common power of attraction; a
        charming or bewitching person; also, one given to
        mischief; -- said especially of a woman or child.
        [Colloq.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Geom.) A certain curve of the third order, described by
        Maria Agnesi under the name versiera.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Zool.) The stormy petrel.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. A Wiccan; an adherent or practitioner of Wicca, a
        religion which in different forms may be paganistic and
        nature-oriented, or ditheistic. The term witch applies to
        both male and female adherents in this sense.
        [PJC]
  
     Witch balls, a name applied to the interwoven rolling
        masses of the stems of herbs, which are driven by the
        winds over the steppes of Tartary. Cf. Tumbleweed.
        --Maunder (Treas. of Bot.)
  
     Witches' besoms (Bot.), tufted and distorted branches of
        the silver fir, caused by the attack of some fungus.
        --Maunder (Treas. of Bot.)
  
     Witches' butter (Bot.), a name of several gelatinous
        cryptogamous plants, as Nostoc commune, and Exidia
        glandulosa. See Nostoc.
  
     Witch+grass+(Bot.),+a+kind+of+grass+({Panicum+capillare">Witch grass (Bot.), a kind of grass ({Panicum capillare)
        with minute spikelets on long, slender pedicels forming a
        light, open panicle.
  
     Witch meal (Bot.), vegetable sulphur. See under
        Vegetable.
        [1913 Webster]

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