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2 definitions found
 for King''s Bench
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  King's Bench \King's Bench\n. (Law)
     Formerly, the highest court of common law in England; -- so
     called because the king used to sit there in person. It
     consisted of a chief justice and four puisne, or junior,
     justices. During the reign of a queen it was called the
     Queen's Bench. Its jurisdiction was transferred by the
     judicature acts of 1873 and 1875 to the high court of justice
     created by that legislation.
     [1913 Webster]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  KING'S BENCH. The name of the supreme court of law in England. It is so 
  called because formerly the king used to sit there in person, the style of 
  the court being still coram ipso rege, before the king himself. During the 
  reign of a queen, it is called the Queen's Bench, and during the 
  protectorate of Cromwell, it was called the Upper Bench. It consists of a 
  chief justices and three other judges, who are, by their office, the 
  principal coroners and conservators of the peace. 3 Bl. Com. 41. 
       2. This court has jurisdiction in criminal matters, in civil causes, 
  and is a supervisory tribunal to keep other jurisdictions within their 
  proper bounds. 
       3.-1. Its criminal jurisdiction extends over all offenders, and not 
  only over an capital offences but also over another misdemeanors of a public 
  nature; it being considered the custos morum of the realm. Its jurisdiction 
  is so universal that an act of parliament appointing that all crimes of a 
  certain denomination shall be tried before certain judges, does not exclude 
  the jurisdiction of this court, without negative words. It may also proceed 
  on indictments removed into that court out of the inferior courts by 
       4.-2. Its civil jurisdiction is against the officers or ministers of 
  the court entitled to its privilege. 2 Inst. 23; 4 Inst. 71; 2 Bulst. 123. 
  And against prisoners for trespasses. In these last cases a declaration may 
  be filed against them in debt, covenant or account: and this is done also 
  upon the notion of a privilege, because the common pleas could not obtain or 
  procure the prisoners of the king's bench to appear in their court. 
       5.-3. Its supervisory powers extend, 1. To issuing writs of error to 
  inferior jurisdictions, and affirming or reversing their judgments. 2. To 
  issuing writs of mandamus to compel inferior officers and courts to perform 
  the duties required of them by law. Bac. Ab. Court of King's Bench. 

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