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3 definitions found
 for Justice of the peace
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Peace \Peace\, n. [OE. pees, pais, OF. pais, paiz, pes, F. paix,
     L. pax, pacis, akin to pacere, paciscere, pacisci, to make an
     agreement, and prob. also pangere to fasten. Cf. Appease,
     Fair, a., Fay, v., Fang, Pacify, Pact, Pay to
     requite.]
     A state of quiet or tranquillity; freedom from disturbance or
     agitation; calm; repose; specifically:
     (a) Exemption from, or cessation of, war with public enemies.
     (b) Public quiet, order, and contentment in obedience to law.
     (c) Exemption from, or subjection of, agitating passions;
         tranquillity of mind or conscience.
     (d) Reconciliation; agreement after variance; harmony;
         concord. "The eternal love and pees." --Chaucer.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Peace is sometimes used as an exclamation in commanding
           silence, quiet, or order. "Peace! foolish woman."
           --Shak.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     At peace, in a state of peace.
  
     Breach of the peace. See under Breach.
  
     Justice of the peace. See under Justice.
  
     Peace of God. (Law)
     (a) A term used in wills, indictments, etc., as denoting a
         state of peace and good conduct.
     (b) (Theol.) The peace of heart which is the gift of God.
  
     Peace offering.
     (a) (Jewish Antiq.) A voluntary offering to God in token of
         devout homage and of a sense of friendly communion with
         Him.
     (b) A gift or service offered as satisfaction to an offended
         person.
  
     Peace officer, a civil officer whose duty it is to preserve
        the public peace, to prevent riots, etc., as a polliceman,
        sheriff or constable.
  
     To hold one's peace, to be silent; to refrain from
        speaking.
  
     To make one's peace with, to reconcile one with, to plead
        one's cause with, or to become reconciled with, another.
        "I will make your peace with him." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Justice \Jus"tice\ (j[u^]s"t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr.
     justus just. See Just, a.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of
        righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict
        performance of moral obligations; practical conformity to
        human or divine law; integrity in the dealings of men with
        each other; rectitude; equity; uprightness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Justice and judgment are the haditation of thy
              throne.                               --Ps. ixxxix.
                                                    11.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The king-becoming graces,
              As justice, verity, temperance, stableness, . . .
              I have no relish of them.             --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Conformity to truth and reality in expressing opinions and
        in conduct; fair representation of facts respecting merit
        or demerit; honesty; fidelity; impartiality; as, the
        justice of a description or of a judgment; historical
        justice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The rendering to every one his due or right; just
        treatment; requital of desert; merited reward or
        punishment; that which is due to one's conduct or motives.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              This even-handed justice
              Commends the ingredients of our poisoned chalice
              To our own lips.                      --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Agreeableness to right; equity; justness; as, the justice
        of a claim.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A person duly commissioned to hold courts, or to try and
        decide controversies and administer justice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This title is given to the judges of the common law
           courts in England and in the United States, and extends
           to judicial officers and magistrates of every grade.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Bed of justice. See under Bed.
  
     Chief justice. See in the Vocabulary.
  
     Justice of the peace (Law), a judicial officer or
        subordinate magistrate appointed for the conservation of
        the peace in a specified district, with other incidental
        powers specified in his commission. In the United States a
        justice of the peace has jurisdiction to adjudicate
        certain minor cases, commit offenders, officiate at
        marriages, etc.; abbreviated JP.
  
     Syn: Equity; law; right; rectitude; honesty; integrity;
          uprightness; fairness; impartiality.
  
     Usage: Justice, Equity, Law. Justice and equity are the
            same; but human laws, though designed to secure
            justice, are of necessity imperfect, and hence what is
            strictly legal is at times far from being equitable or
            just. Here a court of equity comes in to redress the
            grievances. It does so, as distinguished from courts
            of law; and as the latter are often styled courts of
            justice, some have fancied that there is in this case
            a conflict between justice and equity. The real
            conflict is against the working of the law; this a
            court of equity brings into accordance with the claims
            of justice. It would be an unfortunate use of language
            which should lead any one to imagine he might have
            justice on his side while practicing iniquity
            (inequity). Justice, Rectitude. Rectitude, in its
            widest sense, is one of the most comprehensive words
            in our language, denoting absolute conformity to the
            rule of right in principle and practice. Justice
            refers more especially to the carrying out of law, and
            has been considered by moralists as of three kinds:
            (1) Commutative justice, which gives every man his own
            property, including things pledged by promise. (2)
            Distributive justice, which gives every man his exact
            deserts. (3) General justice, which carries out all
            the ends of law, though not in every case through the
            precise channels of commutative or distributive
            justice; as we see often done by a parent or a ruler
            in his dealings with those who are subject to his
            control.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  justice of the peace
      n 1: a local magistrate with limited powers

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