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 for Judge-Advocate General
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Judge \Judge\ (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF.
     jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to
        hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer
        justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.
        [1913 Webster]
              The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct
              the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or
              impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and
              collate the material points of that which hath been
              said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to
        decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or
        value of anything; one who discerns properties or
        relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an
        expert; a critic.
        [1913 Webster]
              A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of
              poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a
              painting.                             --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed,
        etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge
        in a horse race.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Jewish Hist.) One of the supreme magistrates, with both
        civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more
        than four hundred years.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament;
        the Book of Judges.
        [1913 Webster]
     Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as
        prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the
        representative of the government, as the responsible
        adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as
        counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.
     Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of
        two officers, one attached to the War Department and
        having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached
        to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of
        marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the
        Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs
        a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation
        of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of
        the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the
        proceedings of courts-martial.
     Syn: Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee.
     Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed
            to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person
            selected to decide between two or more who contend for
            a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two
            contestants their portion of a claim, usually on
            grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one
            to whom a case is referred for final adjustment.
            Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary,
            sometimes appointed by a court.
            [1913 Webster]

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