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2 definitions found
 for Horse sponge
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Horse \Horse\ (h[^o]rs), n. [AS. hors; akin to OS. hros, D. &
     OHG. ros, G. ross, Icel. hross; and perh. to L. currere to
     run, E. course, current Cf. Walrus.]
     1. (Zool.) A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus;
        especially, the domestic horse ({Equus caballus), which
        was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period.
        It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with
        six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below.
        The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or
        wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having
        a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base.
        Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all
        its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility,
        courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for
        drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Many varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait,
           speed, etc., are known, but all are believed to have
           been derived from the same original species. It is
           supposed to have been a native of the plains of Central
           Asia, but the wild species from which it was derived is
           not certainly known. The feral horses of America are
           domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably
           true that most of those of Asia have a similar origin.
           Some of the true wild Asiatic horses do, however,
           approach the domestic horse in several characteristics.
           Several species of fossil ({Equus) are known from the
           later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The
           fossil species of other genera of the family
           Equid[ae] are also often called horses, in general
           sense.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The male of the genus Equus, in distinction from the
        female or male; usually, a castrated male.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural
        termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished
        from foot.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five
              thousand horse and foot.              --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a
        clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers
        were made to ride for punishment.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a
        horse; a hobby.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same
        character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a
        vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a
        vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. (Naut.)
        (a) See Footrope, a.
        (b) A breastband for a leadsman.
        (c) An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
        (d) A jackstay. --W. C. Russell. --Totten.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     9. (Student Slang)
        (a) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or
            examination; -- called also trot, pony, Dobbin.
        (b) Horseplay; tomfoolery.
            [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     10. heroin. [slang]
         [PJC]
  
     11. horsepower. [Colloq. contraction]
         [PJC]
  
     Note: Horse is much used adjectively and in composition to
           signify of, or having to do with, a horse or horses,
           like a horse, etc.; as, horse collar, horse dealer or
           horse?dealer, horsehoe, horse jockey; and hence, often
           in the sense of strong, loud, coarse, etc.; as,
           horselaugh, horse nettle or horse-nettle, horseplay,
           horse ant, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Black horse, Blood horse, etc. See under Black, etc.
  
     Horse aloes, caballine aloes.
  
     Horse+ant+(Zool.),+a+large+ant+({Formica+rufa">Horse ant (Zool.), a large ant ({Formica rufa); -- called
        also horse emmet.
  
     Horse artillery, that portion of the artillery in which the
        cannoneers are mounted, and which usually serves with the
        cavalry; flying artillery.
  
     Horse balm (Bot.), a strong-scented labiate plant
        ({Collinsonia Canadensis), having large leaves and
        yellowish flowers.
  
     Horse bean (Bot.), a variety of the English or Windsor bean
        ({Faba vulgaris), grown for feeding horses.
  
     Horse boat, a boat for conveying horses and cattle, or a
        boat propelled by horses.
  
     Horse bot. (Zool.) See Botfly, and Bots.
  
     Horse box, a railroad car for transporting valuable horses,
        as hunters. [Eng.]
  
     Horse breaker or Horse trainer, one employed in subduing
        or training horses for use.
  
     Horse car.
         (a) A railroad car drawn by horses. See under Car.
         (b) A car fitted for transporting horses.
  
     Horse cassia (Bot.), a leguminous plant ({Cassia
        Javanica), bearing long pods, which contain a black,
        catharic pulp, much used in the East Indies as a horse
        medicine.
  
     Horse cloth, a cloth to cover a horse.
  
     Horse conch (Zool.), a large, spiral, marine shell of the
        genus Triton. See Triton.
  
     Horse courser.
         (a) One that runs horses, or keeps horses for racing.
             --Johnson.
         (b) A dealer in horses. [Obs.] --Wiseman.
  
     Horse crab (Zool.), the Limulus; -- called also
        horsefoot, horsehoe crab, and king crab.
  
     Horse crevall['e] (Zool.), the cavally.
  
     Horse emmet (Zool.), the horse ant.
  
     Horse finch (Zool.), the chaffinch. [Prov. Eng.]
  
     Horse gentian (Bot.), fever root.
  
     Horse iron (Naut.), a large calking iron.
  
     Horse latitudes, a space in the North Atlantic famous for
        calms and baffling winds, being between the westerly winds
        of higher latitudes and the trade winds. --Ham. Nav.
        Encyc.
  
     Horse mackrel. (Zool.)
         (a) The common tunny ({Orcynus thunnus), found on the
             Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in the
             Mediterranean.
         (b) The bluefish ({Pomatomus saltatrix).
         (c) The scad.
         (d) The name is locally applied to various other fishes,
             as the California hake, the black candlefish, the
             jurel, the bluefish, etc.
  
     Horse marine (Naut.), an awkward, lubbery person; one of a
        mythical body of marine cavalry. [Slang]
  
     Horse mussel (Zool.), a large, marine mussel ({Modiola
        modiolus), found on the northern shores of Europe and
        America.
  
     Horse nettle (Bot.), a coarse, prickly, American herb, the
        Solanum Carolinense.
  
     Horse parsley. (Bot.) See Alexanders.
  
     Horse purslain (Bot.), a coarse fleshy weed of tropical
        America ({Trianthema monogymnum).
  
     Horse race, a race by horses; a match of horses in running
        or trotting.
  
     Horse racing, the practice of racing with horses.
  
     Horse railroad, a railroad on which the cars are drawn by
        horses; -- in England, and sometimes in the United States,
        called a tramway.
  
     Horse run (Civil Engin.), a device for drawing loaded
        wheelbarrows up an inclined plane by horse power.
  
     Horse sense, strong common sense. [Colloq. U.S.]
  
     Horse soldier, a cavalryman.
  
     Horse sponge (Zool.), a large, coarse, commercial sponge
        ({Spongia equina).
  
     Horse stinger (Zool.), a large dragon fly. [Prov. Eng.]
  
     Horse sugar (Bot.), a shrub of the southern part of the
        United States ({Symplocos tinctoria), whose leaves are
        sweet, and good for fodder.
  
     Horse tick (Zool.), a winged, dipterous insect ({Hippobosca
        equina), which troubles horses by biting them, and
        sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly, horse
        louse, and forest fly.
  
     Horse vetch (Bot.), a plant of the genus Hippocrepis
        ({Hippocrepis comosa), cultivated for the beauty of its
        flowers; -- called also horsehoe vetch, from the
        peculiar shape of its pods.
  
     Iron horse, a locomotive. [Colloq.]
  
     Salt horse, the sailor's name for salt beef.
  
     To look a gift horse in the mouth, to examine the mouth of
        a horse which has been received as a gift, in order to
        ascertain his age; -- hence, to accept favors in a
        critical and thankless spirit. --Lowell.
  
     To take horse.
         (a) To set out on horseback. --Macaulay.
         (b) To be covered, as a mare.
         (c) See definition 7 (above).
             [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Sponge \Sponge\ (sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L.
     spongia, Gr. spoggia`, spo`ggos. Cf. Fungus, Spunk.]
     [Formerly written also spunge.]
     1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiae, or
        Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongiae.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny
        Spongiae (Keratosa), used for many purposes, especially
        the varieties of the genus Spongia. The most valuable
        sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea,
        and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinacious and
        indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically:
        (a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
            after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the
            agency of the yeast or leaven.
        (b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
        (c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a
        discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with
        sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped
        nap, and having a handle, or staff.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering
        to the heel.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Bath sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse
        commercial sponges, especially Spongia equina.
  
     Cup sponge, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form.
        
  
     Glass sponge. See Glass-sponge, in the Vocabulary.
  
     Glove sponge, a variety of commercial sponge ({Spongia
        officinalis, variety tubulifera), having very fine
        fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies.
  
     Grass sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse
        commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted,
        as Spongia graminea, and Spongia equina, variety
        cerebriformis, of Florida and the West Indies.
  
     Horse sponge, a coarse commercial sponge, especially
        Spongia equina.
  
     Platinum sponge. (Chem.) See under Platinum.
  
     Pyrotechnical sponge, a substance made of mushrooms or
        fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then
        put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again
        dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder,
        brought from Germany.
  
     Sheep's-wool sponge, a fine and durable commercial sponge
        ({Spongia equina, variety gossypina) found in Florida and
        the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger and
        smaller tufts, having the oscula between them.
  
     Sponge cake, a kind of sweet cake which is light and
        spongy.
  
     Sponge lead, or Spongy lead (Chem.), metallic lead
        brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by
        compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary
        batteries and otherwise.
  
     Sponge tree (Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree ({Acacia
        Farnesiana), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are
        used in perfumery.
  
     Toilet sponge, a very fine and superior variety of
        Mediterranean sponge ({Spongia officinalis, variety
        Mediterranea); -- called also Turkish sponge.
  
     To set a sponge (Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour,
        to be used in leavening a larger quantity.
  
     To throw up the sponge, to give up a contest; to
        acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring,
        the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds
        throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat; -- now,
        throw in the towel is more common, and has the same
        origin and meaning. [Cant or Slang] "He was too brave a
        man to throw up the sponge to fate." --Lowell.
  
     Vegetable sponge. (Bot.) See Loof.
  
     Velvet sponge, a fine, soft commercial sponge ({Spongia
        equina, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the
        West Indies.
  
     Vitreous sponge. See Glass-sponge.
  
     Yellow sponge, a common and valuable commercial sponge
        ({Spongia agaricina, variety corlosia) found in Florida
        and the West Indies.
        [1913 Webster]

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