The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

4 definitions found
 for High priest
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  High \High\, a. [Compar. Higher; superl. Highest.] [OE.
     high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. he['a]h, h?h; akin to OS. h?h,
     OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. h?h, G. hoch, Icel. h?r, Sw.
     h["o]g, Dan. h["o]i, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound,
     G. h["u]gel hill, Lith. kaukaras.]
     1. Elevated above any starting point of measurement, as a
        line, or surface; having altitude; lifted up; raised or
        extended in the direction of the zenith; lofty; tall; as,
        a high mountain, tower, tree; the sun is high.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Regarded as raised up or elevated; distinguished;
        remarkable; conspicuous; superior; -- used indefinitely or
        relatively, and often in figurative senses, which are
        understood from the connection; as
        (a) Elevated in character or quality, whether moral or
            intellectual; pre["e]minent; honorable; as, high aims,
            or motives. "The highest faculty of the soul."
        (b) Exalted in social standing or general estimation, or
            in rank, reputation, office, and the like; dignified;
            as, she was welcomed in the highest circles.
            [1913 Webster]
                  He was a wight of high renown.    --Shak.
        (c) Of noble birth; illustrious; as, of high family.
        (d) Of great strength, force, importance, and the like;
            strong; mighty; powerful; violent; sometimes,
            triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high
            wind; high passions. "With rather a high manner."
            [1913 Webster]
                  Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
                                                    --Ps. lxxxix.
            [1913 Webster]
                  Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?
            [1913 Webster]
        (e) Very abstract; difficult to comprehend or surmount;
            grand; noble.
            [1913 Webster]
                  Both meet to hear and answer such high things.
            [1913 Webster]
                  Plain living and high thinking are no more.
        (f) Costly; dear in price; extravagant; as, to hold goods
            at a high price.
            [1913 Webster]
                  If they must be good at so high a rate, they
                  know they may be safe at a cheaper. --South.
        (g) Arrogant; lofty; boastful; proud; ostentatious; --
            used in a bad sense.
            [1913 Webster]
                  An high look and a proud heart . . . is sin.
                                                    --Prov. xxi.
            [1913 Webster]
                  His forces, after all the high discourses,
                  amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot.
            [1913 Webster]
     3. Possessing a characteristic quality in a supreme or
        superior degree; as, high (i. e., intense) heat; high (i.
        e., full or quite) noon; high (i. e., rich or spicy)
        seasoning; high (i. e., complete) pleasure; high (i. e.,
        deep or vivid) color; high (i. e., extensive, thorough)
        scholarship, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
              High time it is this war now ended were. --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
              High sauces and spices are fetched from the Indies.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Cookery) Strong-scented; slightly tainted; as, epicures
        do not cook game before it is high.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. (Mus.) Acute or sharp; -- opposed to grave or low; as,
        a high note.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. (Phon.) Made with a high position of some part of the
        tongue in relation to the palate, as [=e] ([=e]ve), [=oo]
        (f[=oo]d). See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 10,
        [1913 Webster]
     High admiral, the chief admiral.
     High altar, the principal altar in a church.
     High and dry, out of water; out of reach of the current or
        tide; -- said of a vessel, aground or beached.
     High and mighty arrogant; overbearing. [Colloq.]
     High art, art which deals with lofty and dignified subjects
        and is characterized by an elevated style avoiding all
        meretricious display.
     High bailiff, the chief bailiff.
     High Church, & Low Church, two ecclesiastical parties in
        the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church.
        The high-churchmen emphasize the doctrine of the apostolic
        succession, and hold, in general, to a sacramental
        presence in the Eucharist, to baptismal regeneration, and
        to the sole validity of Episcopal ordination. They attach
        much importance to ceremonies and symbols in worship.
        Low-churchmen lay less stress on these points, and, in
        many instances, reject altogether the peculiar tenets of
        the high-church school. See Broad Church.
     High constable (Law), a chief of constabulary. See
        Constable, n., 2.
     High commission court, a court of ecclesiastical
        jurisdiction in England erected and united to the regal
        power by Queen Elizabeth in 1559. On account of the abuse
        of its powers it was abolished in 1641.
     High day (Script.), a holy or feast day. --John xix. 31.
     High festival (Eccl.), a festival to be observed with full
     High German, or High Dutch. See under German.
     High jinks, an old Scottish pastime; hence, noisy revelry;
        wild sport. [Colloq.] "All the high jinks of the county,
        when the lad comes of age." --F. Harrison.
     High latitude (Geog.), one designated by the higher
        figures; consequently, a latitude remote from the equator.
     High life, life among the aristocracy or the rich.
     High liver, one who indulges in a rich diet.
     High living, a feeding upon rich, pampering food.
     High Mass. (R. C. Ch.) See under Mass.
     High milling, a process of making flour from grain by
        several successive grindings and intermediate sorting,
        instead of by a single grinding.
     High noon, the time when the sun is in the meridian.
     High place (Script.), an eminence or mound on which
        sacrifices were offered.
     High priest. See in the Vocabulary.
     High relief. (Fine Arts) See Alto-rilievo.
     High school. See under School.
     High seas (Law), the open sea; the part of the ocean not in
        the territorial waters of any particular sovereignty,
        usually distant three miles or more from the coast line.
     High steam, steam having a high pressure.
     High steward, the chief steward.
     High tea, tea with meats and extra relishes.
     High tide, the greatest flow of the tide; high water.
     High time.
        (a) Quite time; full time for the occasion.
        (b) A time of great excitement or enjoyment; a carousal.
     High treason, treason against the sovereign or the state,
        the highest civil offense. See Treason.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: It is now sufficient to speak of high treason as
           treason simply, seeing that petty treason, as a
           distinct offense, has been abolished. --Mozley & W.
     High water, the utmost flow or greatest elevation of the
        tide; also, the time of such elevation.
     High-water mark.
        (a) That line of the seashore to which the waters
            ordinarily reach at high water.
        (b) A mark showing the highest level reached by water in a
            river or other body of fresh water, as in time of
     High-water shrub (Bot.), a composite shrub ({Iva
        frutescens), growing in salt marshes along the Atlantic
        coast of the United States.
     High wine, distilled spirits containing a high percentage
        of alcohol; -- usually in the plural.
     To be on a high horse, to be on one's dignity; to bear
        one's self loftily. [Colloq.]
     With a high hand.
        (a) With power; in force; triumphantly. "The children of
            Israel went out with a high hand." --Ex. xiv. 8.
        (b) In an overbearing manner, arbitrarily. "They governed
            the city with a high hand." --Jowett (Thucyd. ).
     Syn: Tall; lofty; elevated; noble; exalted; supercilious;
          proud; violent; full; dear. See Tall.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  High priest \High" priest`\ (Eccl.)
     A chief priest; esp., the head of the Jewish priesthood.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  high priest
      n 1: a preeminent authority or major proponent of a movement or
           doctrine; "he's the high priest of contemporary jazz"
      2: a senior clergyman and dignitary [syn: archpriest,
         hierarch, high priest, prelate, primate]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  High priest
     Aaron was the first who was solemnly set apart to this office
     (Ex. 29:7; 30:23; Lev. 8:12). He wore a peculiar dress, which on
     his death passed to his successor in office (Ex. 29:29, 30).
     Besides those garments which he wore in common with all priests,
     there were four that were peculiar to himself as high priest:
       (1.) The "robe" of the ephod, all of blue, of "woven work,"
     worn immediately under the ephod. It was without seam or
     sleeves. The hem or skirt was ornamented with pomegranates and
     golden bells, seventy-two of each in alternate order. The
     sounding of the bells intimated to the people in the outer court
     the time when the high priest entered into the holy place to
     burn incense before the Lord (Ex. 28).
       (2.) The "ephod" consisted of two parts, one of which covered
     the back and the other the breast, which were united by the
     "curious girdle." It was made of fine twined linen, and
     ornamented with gold and purple. Each of the shoulder-straps was
     adorned with a precious stone, on which the names of the twelve
     tribes were engraved. This was the high priest's distinctive
     vestment (1 Sam. 2:28; 14:3; 21:9; 23:6, 9; 30:7).
       (3.) The "breastplate of judgment" (Ex. 28:6-12, 25-28;
     39:2-7) of "cunning work." It was a piece of cloth doubled, of
     one span square. It bore twelve precious stones, set in four
     rows of three in a row, which constituted the Urim and Thummim
     (q.v.). These stones had the names of the twelve tribes engraved
     on them. When the high priest, clothed with the ephod and the
     breastplate, inquired of the Lord, answers were given in some
     mysterious way by the Urim and Thummim (1 Sam. 14:3, 18, 19;
     23:2, 4, 9, 11,12; 28:6; 2 Sam. 5:23).
       (4.) The "mitre," or upper turban, a twisted band of eight
     yards of fine linen coiled into a cap, with a gold plate in
     front, engraved with "Holiness to the Lord," fastened to it by a
     ribbon of blue.
       To the high priest alone it was permitted to enter the holy of
     holies, which he did only once a year, on the great Day of
     Atonement, for "the way into the holiest of all was not yet made
     manifest" (Heb. 9; 10). Wearing his gorgeous priestly vestments,
     he entered the temple before all the people, and then, laying
     them aside and assuming only his linen garments in secret, he
     entered the holy of holies alone, and made expiation, sprinkling
     the blood of the sin offering on the mercy seat, and offering up
     incense. Then resuming his splendid robes, he reappeared before
     the people (Lev. 16). Thus the wearing of these robes came to be
     identified with the Day of Atonement.
       The office, dress, and ministration of the high priest were
     typical of the priesthood of our Lord (Heb. 4:14; 7:25; 9:12,
       It is supposed that there were in all eighty-three high
     priests, beginning with Aaron (B.C. 1657) and ending with
     Phannias (A.D. 70). At its first institution the office of high
     priest was held for life (but comp. 1 Kings 2:27), and was
     hereditary in the family of Aaron (Num. 3:10). The office
     continued in the line of Eleazar, Aaron's eldest son, for two
     hundred and ninety-six years, when it passed to Eli, the first
     of the line of Ithamar, who was the fourth son of Aaron. In this
     line it continued to Abiathar, whom Solomon deposed, and
     appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (1 Kings
     2:35), in which it remained till the time of the Captivity.
     After the Return, Joshua, the son of Josedek, of the family of
     Eleazar, was appointed to this office. After him the succession
     was changed from time to time under priestly or political

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229