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4 definitions found
 for Formica rufa
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Horse \Horse\ (h[^o]rs), n. [AS. hors; akin to OS. hros, D. &
     OHG. ros, G. ross, Icel. hross; and perh. to L. currere to
     run, E. course, current Cf. Walrus.]
     1. (Zool.) A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus;
        especially, the domestic horse ({Equus caballus), which
        was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period.
        It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with
        six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below.
        The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or
        wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having
        a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base.
        Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all
        its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility,
        courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for
        drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Many varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait,
           speed, etc., are known, but all are believed to have
           been derived from the same original species. It is
           supposed to have been a native of the plains of Central
           Asia, but the wild species from which it was derived is
           not certainly known. The feral horses of America are
           domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably
           true that most of those of Asia have a similar origin.
           Some of the true wild Asiatic horses do, however,
           approach the domestic horse in several characteristics.
           Several species of fossil ({Equus) are known from the
           later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The
           fossil species of other genera of the family
           Equid[ae] are also often called horses, in general
           [1913 Webster]
     2. The male of the genus Equus, in distinction from the
        female or male; usually, a castrated male.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural
        termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished
        from foot.
        [1913 Webster]
              The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five
              thousand horse and foot.              --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a
        clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers
        were made to ride for punishment.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a
        horse; a hobby.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same
        character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a
        vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a
        vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. (Naut.)
        (a) See Footrope, a.
        (b) A breastband for a leadsman.
        (c) An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
        (d) A jackstay. --W. C. Russell. --Totten.
            [1913 Webster]
     9. (Student Slang)
        (a) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or
            examination; -- called also trot, pony, Dobbin.
        (b) Horseplay; tomfoolery.
            [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
     10. heroin. [slang]
     11. horsepower. [Colloq. contraction]
     Note: Horse is much used adjectively and in composition to
           signify of, or having to do with, a horse or horses,
           like a horse, etc.; as, horse collar, horse dealer or
           horse?dealer, horsehoe, horse jockey; and hence, often
           in the sense of strong, loud, coarse, etc.; as,
           horselaugh, horse nettle or horse-nettle, horseplay,
           horse ant, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
     Black horse, Blood horse, etc. See under Black, etc.
     Horse aloes, caballine aloes.
     Horse+ant+(Zool.),+a+large+ant+({Formica+rufa">Horse ant (Zool.), a large ant ({Formica rufa); -- called
        also horse emmet.
     Horse artillery, that portion of the artillery in which the
        cannoneers are mounted, and which usually serves with the
        cavalry; flying artillery.
     Horse balm (Bot.), a strong-scented labiate plant
        ({Collinsonia Canadensis), having large leaves and
        yellowish flowers.
     Horse bean (Bot.), a variety of the English or Windsor bean
        ({Faba vulgaris), grown for feeding horses.
     Horse boat, a boat for conveying horses and cattle, or a
        boat propelled by horses.
     Horse bot. (Zool.) See Botfly, and Bots.
     Horse box, a railroad car for transporting valuable horses,
        as hunters. [Eng.]
     Horse breaker or Horse trainer, one employed in subduing
        or training horses for use.
     Horse car.
         (a) A railroad car drawn by horses. See under Car.
         (b) A car fitted for transporting horses.
     Horse cassia (Bot.), a leguminous plant ({Cassia
        Javanica), bearing long pods, which contain a black,
        catharic pulp, much used in the East Indies as a horse
     Horse cloth, a cloth to cover a horse.
     Horse conch (Zool.), a large, spiral, marine shell of the
        genus Triton. See Triton.
     Horse courser.
         (a) One that runs horses, or keeps horses for racing.
         (b) A dealer in horses. [Obs.] --Wiseman.
     Horse crab (Zool.), the Limulus; -- called also
        horsefoot, horsehoe crab, and king crab.
     Horse crevall['e] (Zool.), the cavally.
     Horse emmet (Zool.), the horse ant.
     Horse finch (Zool.), the chaffinch. [Prov. Eng.]
     Horse gentian (Bot.), fever root.
     Horse iron (Naut.), a large calking iron.
     Horse latitudes, a space in the North Atlantic famous for
        calms and baffling winds, being between the westerly winds
        of higher latitudes and the trade winds. --Ham. Nav.
     Horse mackrel. (Zool.)
         (a) The common tunny ({Orcynus thunnus), found on the
             Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in the
         (b) The bluefish ({Pomatomus saltatrix).
         (c) The scad.
         (d) The name is locally applied to various other fishes,
             as the California hake, the black candlefish, the
             jurel, the bluefish, etc.
     Horse marine (Naut.), an awkward, lubbery person; one of a
        mythical body of marine cavalry. [Slang]
     Horse mussel (Zool.), a large, marine mussel ({Modiola
        modiolus), found on the northern shores of Europe and
     Horse nettle (Bot.), a coarse, prickly, American herb, the
        Solanum Carolinense.
     Horse parsley. (Bot.) See Alexanders.
     Horse purslain (Bot.), a coarse fleshy weed of tropical
        America ({Trianthema monogymnum).
     Horse race, a race by horses; a match of horses in running
        or trotting.
     Horse racing, the practice of racing with horses.
     Horse railroad, a railroad on which the cars are drawn by
        horses; -- in England, and sometimes in the United States,
        called a tramway.
     Horse run (Civil Engin.), a device for drawing loaded
        wheelbarrows up an inclined plane by horse power.
     Horse sense, strong common sense. [Colloq. U.S.]
     Horse soldier, a cavalryman.
     Horse sponge (Zool.), a large, coarse, commercial sponge
        ({Spongia equina).
     Horse stinger (Zool.), a large dragon fly. [Prov. Eng.]
     Horse sugar (Bot.), a shrub of the southern part of the
        United States ({Symplocos tinctoria), whose leaves are
        sweet, and good for fodder.
     Horse tick (Zool.), a winged, dipterous insect ({Hippobosca
        equina), which troubles horses by biting them, and
        sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly, horse
        louse, and forest fly.
     Horse vetch (Bot.), a plant of the genus Hippocrepis
        ({Hippocrepis comosa), cultivated for the beauty of its
        flowers; -- called also horsehoe vetch, from the
        peculiar shape of its pods.
     Iron horse, a locomotive. [Colloq.]
     Salt horse, the sailor's name for salt beef.
     To look a gift horse in the mouth, to examine the mouth of
        a horse which has been received as a gift, in order to
        ascertain his age; -- hence, to accept favors in a
        critical and thankless spirit. --Lowell.
     To take horse.
         (a) To set out on horseback. --Macaulay.
         (b) To be covered, as a mare.
         (c) See definition 7 (above).
             [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Wood \Wood\, n. [OE. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG.
     witu, Icel. vi?r, Dan. & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. &
     Gael. fiodh, W. gwydd trees, shrubs.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove;
        -- frequently used in the plural.
        [1913 Webster]
              Light thickens, and the crow
              Makes wing to the rooky wood.         --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The substance of trees and the like; the hard fibrous
        substance which composes the body of a tree and its
        branches, and which is covered by the bark; timber. "To
        worship their own work in wood and stone for gods."
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Bot.) The fibrous material which makes up the greater
        part of the stems and branches of trees and shrubby
        plants, and is found to a less extent in herbaceous stems.
        It consists of elongated tubular or needle-shaped cells of
        various kinds, usually interwoven with the shinning bands
        called silver grain.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Wood consists chiefly of the carbohydrates cellulose
           and lignin, which are isomeric with starch.
           [1913 Webster]
     4. Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses.
        [1913 Webster]
     Wood acid, Wood vinegar (Chem.), a complex acid liquid
        obtained in the dry distillation of wood, and containing
        large quantities of acetic acid; hence, specifically,
        acetic acid. Formerly called pyroligneous acid.
     Wood+anemone+(Bot.),+a+delicate+flower+({Anemone+nemorosa">Wood anemone (Bot.), a delicate flower ({Anemone nemorosa)
        of early spring; -- also called windflower. See Illust.
        of Anemone.
     Wood+ant+(Zool.),+a+large+ant+({Formica+rufa">Wood ant (Zool.), a large ant ({Formica rufa) which lives
        in woods and forests, and constructs large nests.
     Wood apple (Bot.). See Elephant apple, under Elephant.
     Wood baboon (Zool.), the drill.
     Wood betony. (Bot.)
        (a) Same as Betony.
        (b) The common American lousewort ({Pedicularis
            Canadensis), a low perennial herb with yellowish or
            purplish flowers.
     Wood borer. (Zool.)
        (a) The larva of any one of numerous species of boring
            beetles, esp. elaters, longicorn beetles,
            buprestidans, and certain weevils. See Apple borer,
            under Apple, and Pine weevil, under Pine.
        (b) The larva of any one of various species of
            lepidopterous insects, especially of the clearwing
            moths, as the peach-tree borer (see under Peach),
            and of the goat moths.
        (c) The larva of various species of hymenopterous of the
            tribe Urocerata. See Tremex.
        (d) Any one of several bivalve shells which bore in wood,
            as the teredos, and species of Xylophaga.
        (e) Any one of several species of small Crustacea, as the
            Limnoria, and the boring amphipod ({Chelura
     Wood carpet, a kind of floor covering made of thin pieces
        of wood secured to a flexible backing, as of cloth.
     Wood cell (Bot.), a slender cylindrical or prismatic cell
        usually tapering to a point at both ends. It is the
        principal constituent of woody fiber.
     Wood choir, the choir, or chorus, of birds in the woods.
        [Poetic] --Coleridge.
     Wood coal, charcoal; also, lignite, or brown coal.
     Wood cricket (Zool.), a small European cricket ({Nemobius
     Wood culver (Zool.), the wood pigeon.
     Wood cut, an engraving on wood; also, a print from such an
     Wood dove (Zool.), the stockdove.
     Wood drink, a decoction or infusion of medicinal woods.
     Wood duck (Zool.)
        (a) A very beautiful American duck ({Aix sponsa). The
            male has a large crest, and its plumage is varied with
            green, purple, black, white, and red. It builds its
            nest in trees, whence the name. Called also bridal
            duck, summer duck, and wood widgeon.
        (b) The hooded merganser.
        (c) The Australian maned goose ({Chlamydochen jubata).
     Wood echo, an echo from the wood.
     Wood engraver.
        (a) An engraver on wood.
        (b) (Zool.) Any of several species of small beetles whose
            larvae bore beneath the bark of trees, and excavate
            furrows in the wood often more or less resembling
            coarse engravings; especially, Xyleborus
     Wood engraving.
        (a) The act or art engraving on wood; xylography.
        (b) An engraving on wood; a wood cut; also, a print from
            such an engraving.
     Wood fern. (Bot.) See Shield fern, under Shield.
     Wood fiber.
        (a) (Bot.) Fibrovascular tissue.
        (b) Wood comminuted, and reduced to a powdery or dusty
     Wood fretter (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
        beetles whose larvae bore in the wood, or beneath the
        bark, of trees.
     Wood frog (Zool.), a common North American frog ({Rana
        sylvatica) which lives chiefly in the woods, except
        during the breeding season. It is drab or yellowish brown,
        with a black stripe on each side of the head.
     Wood germander. (Bot.) See under Germander.
     Wood god, a fabled sylvan deity.
     Wood grass. (Bot.) See under Grass.
     Wood grouse. (Zool.)
        (a) The capercailzie.
        (b) The spruce partridge. See under Spruce.
     Wood guest (Zool.), the ringdove. [Prov. Eng.]
     Wood hen. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of several species of Old World short-winged
            rails of the genus Ocydromus, including the weka and
            allied species.
        (b) The American woodcock.
     Wood hoopoe (Zool.), any one of several species of Old
        World arboreal birds belonging to Irrisor and allied
        genera. They are closely allied to the common hoopoe, but
        have a curved beak, and a longer tail.
     Wood ibis (Zool.), any one of several species of large,
        long-legged, wading birds belonging to the genus
        Tantalus. The head and neck are naked or scantily
        covered with feathers. The American wood ibis ({Tantalus
        loculator) is common in Florida.
     Wood lark (Zool.), a small European lark ({Alauda
        arborea), which, like, the skylark, utters its notes
        while on the wing. So called from its habit of perching on
     Wood laurel (Bot.), a European evergreen shrub ({Daphne
     Wood leopard (Zool.), a European spotted moth ({Zeuzera
        aesculi) allied to the goat moth. Its large fleshy larva
        bores in the wood of the apple, pear, and other fruit
     Wood lily (Bot.), the lily of the valley.
     Wood lock (Naut.), a piece of wood close fitted and
        sheathed with copper, in the throating or score of the
        pintle, to keep the rudder from rising.
     Wood louse (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial isopod
            Crustacea belonging to Oniscus, Armadillo, and
            related genera. See Sow bug, under Sow, and Pill
            bug, under Pill.
        (b) Any one of several species of small, wingless,
            pseudoneuropterous insects of the family Psocidae,
            which live in the crevices of walls and among old
            books and papers. Some of the species are called also
            book lice, and deathticks, or deathwatches.
     Wood mite (Zool.), any one of numerous small mites of the
        family Oribatidae. They are found chiefly in woods, on
        tree trunks and stones.
     Wood mote. (Eng. Law)
        (a) Formerly, the forest court.
        (b) The court of attachment.
     Wood nettle. (Bot.) See under Nettle.
     Wood nightshade (Bot.), woody nightshade.
     Wood nut (Bot.), the filbert.
     Wood nymph. (a) A nymph inhabiting the woods; a fabled
        goddess of the woods; a dryad. "The wood nymphs, decked
        with daisies trim." --Milton.
        (b) (Zool.) Any one of several species of handsomely
            colored moths belonging to the genus Eudryas. The
            larvae are bright-colored, and some of the species, as
            Eudryas grata, and Eudryas unio, feed on the
            leaves of the grapevine.
        (c) (Zool.) Any one of several species of handsomely
            colored South American humming birds belonging to the
            genus Thalurania. The males are bright blue, or
            green and blue.
     Wood offering, wood burnt on the altar.
        [1913 Webster]
              We cast the lots . . . for the wood offering. --Neh.
                                                    x. 34.
        [1913 Webster]
     Wood oil (Bot.), a resinous oil obtained from several East
        Indian trees of the genus Dipterocarpus, having
        properties similar to those of copaiba, and sometimes
        substituted for it. It is also used for mixing paint. See
     Wood opal (Min.), a striped variety of coarse opal, having
        some resemblance to wood.
     Wood paper, paper made of wood pulp. See Wood pulp,
     Wood pewee (Zool.), a North American tyrant flycatcher
        ({Contopus virens). It closely resembles the pewee, but
        is smaller.
     Wood pie (Zool.), any black and white woodpecker,
        especially the European great spotted woodpecker.
     Wood pigeon. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of Old World pigeons
            belonging to Palumbus and allied genera of the
            family Columbidae.
        (b) The ringdove.
     Wood puceron (Zool.), a plant louse.
     Wood pulp (Technol.), vegetable fiber obtained from the
        poplar and other white woods, and so softened by digestion
        with a hot solution of alkali that it can be formed into
        sheet paper, etc. It is now produced on an immense scale.
     Wood quail (Zool.), any one of several species of East
        Indian crested quails belonging to Rollulus and allied
        genera, as the red-crested wood quail ({Rollulus
        roulroul), the male of which is bright green, with a long
        crest of red hairlike feathers.
     Wood rabbit (Zool.), the cottontail.
     Wood rat (Zool.), any one of several species of American
        wild rats of the genus Neotoma found in the Southern
        United States; -- called also bush rat. The Florida wood
        rat ({Neotoma Floridana) is the best-known species.
     Wood+reed+grass+(Bot.),+a+tall+grass+({Cinna+arundinacea">Wood reed grass (Bot.), a tall grass ({Cinna arundinacea)
        growing in moist woods.
     Wood reeve, the steward or overseer of a wood. [Eng.]
     Wood rush (Bot.), any plant of the genus Luzula,
        differing from the true rushes of the genus Juncus
        chiefly in having very few seeds in each capsule.
     Wood sage (Bot.), a name given to several labiate plants of
        the genus Teucrium. See Germander.
     Wood screw, a metal screw formed with a sharp thread, and
        usually with a slotted head, for insertion in wood.
     Wood sheldrake (Zool.), the hooded merganser.
     Wood shock (Zool.), the fisher. See Fisher, 2.
     Wood shrike (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World singing birds belonging to Grallina,
        Collyricincla, Prionops, and allied genera, common in
        India and Australia. They are allied to the true shrikes,
        but feed upon both insects and berries.
     Wood snipe. (Zool.)
        (a) The American woodcock.
        (b) An Asiatic snipe ({Gallinago nemoricola).
     Wood soot, soot from burnt wood.
     Wood sore. (Zool.) See Cuckoo spit, under Cuckoo.
     Wood sorrel (Bot.), a plant of the genus Oxalis ({Oxalis
        Acetosella), having an acid taste. See Illust. (a) of
     Wood spirit. (Chem.) See Methyl alcohol, under Methyl.
     Wood stamp, a carved or engraved block or stamp of wood,
        for impressing figures or colors on fabrics.
     Wood star (Zool.), any one of several species of small
        South American humming birds belonging to the genus
        Calothorax. The male has a brilliant gorget of blue,
        purple, and other colors.
     Wood sucker (Zool.), the yaffle.
     Wood swallow (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World passerine birds belonging to the genus Artamus and
        allied genera of the family Artamidae. They are common
        in the East Indies, Asia, and Australia. In form and
        habits they resemble swallows, but in structure they
        resemble shrikes. They are usually black above and white
     Wood tapper (Zool.), any woodpecker.
     Wood tar. See under Tar.
     Wood thrush, (Zool.)
        (a) An American thrush ({Turdus mustelinus) noted for the
            sweetness of its song. See under Thrush.
        (b) The missel thrush.
     Wood tick. See in Vocabulary.
     Wood tin. (Min.). See Cassiterite.
     Wood titmouse (Zool.), the goldcgest.
     Wood tortoise (Zool.), the sculptured tortoise. See under
     Wood vine (Bot.), the white bryony.
     Wood vinegar. See Wood acid, above.
     Wood warbler. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of American warblers of
            the genus Dendroica. See Warbler.
        (b) A European warbler ({Phylloscopus sibilatrix); --
            called also green wren, wood wren, and yellow
     Wood worm (Zool.), a larva that bores in wood; a wood
     Wood wren. (Zool.)
        (a) The wood warbler.
        (b) The willow warbler.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hill \Hill\, n. [OE. hil, hul, AS. hyll; akin to OD. hille, hil,
     L. collis, and prob. to E. haulm, holm, and column. Cf. 2d
     1. A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising
        above the common level of the surrounding land; an
        eminence less than a mountain.
        [1913 Webster]
              Every mountain and hill shall be made low. --Is. xl.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The earth raised about the roots of a plant or cluster of
        plants. [U. S.] See Hill, v. t.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. A single cluster or group of plants growing close
        together, and having the earth heaped up about them; as, a
        hill of corn or potatoes. [U. S.]
        [1913 Webster]
     Hill+ant+(Zool.),+a+common+ant+({Formica+rufa">Hill ant (Zool.), a common ant ({Formica rufa), of Europe
        and America, which makes mounds or ant-hills over its
     Hill myna (Zool.), one of several species of birds of
        India, of the genus Gracula, and allied to the
        starlings. They are easily taught to speak many words.
        [Written also hill mynah.] See Myna.
     Hill partridge (Zool.), a partridge of the genus
        Aborophila, of which numerous species in habit Southern
        Asia and the East Indies.
     Hill tit (Zool.), one of numerous species of small Asiatic
        singing birds of the family Leiotrichid[ae]. Many are
        beautifully colored.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Formica rufa
      n 1: reddish-brown European ant typically living in anthills in
           woodlands [syn: wood ant, Formica rufa]

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