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3 definitions found
 for Diurnal parallax
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Parallax \Par"al*lax\, n. [Gr. ? alternation, the mutual
     inclination of two lines forming an angle, fr. ? to change a
     little, go aside, deviate; para` beside, beyond + ? to
     change: cf. F. parallaxe. Cf. Parallel.]
     1. The apparent displacement, or difference of position, of
        an object, as seen from two different stations, or points
        of view.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Astron.) The apparent difference in position of a body
        (as the sun, or a star) as seen from some point on the
        earth's surface, and as seen from some other conventional
        point, as the earth's center or the sun.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Astron.) The annual parallax. See annual parallax,
        below.
        [PJC]
  
     Annual parallax, the greatest value of the heliocentric
        parallax, or the greatest annual apparent change of place
        of a body as seen from the earth and sun; it is equivalent
        to the parallax of an astronomical object which would be
        observed by taking observations of the object at two
        different points one astronomical unit (the distance of
        the Earth from the sun) apart, if the line joining the two
        observing points is perpendicular to the direction to the
        observed object; as, the annual parallax of a fixed star.
        The distance of an astronomical object from the Earth is
        inversely proportional to the annual parallax. A star
        which has an annual parallax of one second of an arc is
        considered to be one parsec (3.26 light years) distant
        from the earth; a star with an annual parallax of
        one-hundredth second of an arc is 326 light years distant.
        See parsec in the vocabulary, and stellar parallax,
        below.
  
     Binocular parallax, the apparent difference in position of
        an object as seen separately by one eye, and then by the
        other, the head remaining unmoved.
  
     Diurnal parallax or Geocentric parallax, the parallax of
        a body with reference to the earth's center. This is the
        kind of parallax that is generally understood when the
        term is used without qualification.
  
     Heliocentric parallax, the parallax of a body with
        reference to the sun, or the angle subtended at the body
        by lines drawn from it to the earth and sun; as, the
        heliocentric parallax of a planet.
  
     Horizontal parallax, the geocentric parallx of a heavenly
        body when in the horizon, or the angle subtended at the
        body by the earth's radius.
  
     Optical parallax, the apparent displacement in position
        undergone by an object when viewed by either eye singly.
        --Brande & C.
  
     Parallax of the cross wires (of an optical instrument),
        their apparent displacement when the eye changes its
        position, caused by their not being exactly in the focus
        of the object glass.
  
     Stellar parallax, the annual parallax of a fixed star.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Diurnal \Di*ur"nal\, a. [L. diurnalis, fr. dies day. See
     Deity, and cf. Journal.]
     1. Relating to the daytime; belonging to the period of
        daylight, distinguished from the night; -- opposed to
        nocturnal; as, diurnal heat; diurnal hours.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Daily; recurring every day; performed in a day; going
        through its changes in a day; constituting the measure of
        a day; as, a diurnal fever; a diurnal task; diurnal
        aberration, or diurnal parallax; the diurnal revolution of
        the earth.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Ere twice the horses of the sun shall bring
              Their fiery torcher his diurnal ring. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Bot.) Opening during the day, and closing at night; --
        said of flowers or leaves.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Zool.) Active by day; -- applied especially to the eagles
        and hawks among raptorial birds, and to butterflies
        (Diurna) among insects.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Diurnal aberration (Anat.), the aberration of light arising
        from the effect of the earth's rotation upon the apparent
        direction of motion of light.
  
     Diurnal arc, the arc described by the sun during the
        daytime or while above the horizon; hence, the arc
        described by the moon or a star from rising to setting.
  
     Diurnal circle, the apparent circle described by a
        celestial body in consequence of the earth's rotation.
  
     Diurnal motion of the earth, the motion of the earth upon
        its axis which is described in twenty-four hours.
  
     Diurnal motion of a heavenly body, that apparent motion of
        the heavenly body which is due to the earth's diurnal
        motion.
  
     Diurnal parallax. See under Parallax.
  
     Diurnal revolution of a planet, the motion of the planet
        upon its own axis which constitutes one complete
        revolution.
  
     Syn: See Daily.
          [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  diurnal parallax
      n 1: the parallax of a celestial body using two points on the
           surface of the earth as the earth rotates [syn: geocentric
           parallax, diurnal parallax]

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