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4 definitions found
 for Department
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Department \De*part"ment\, n. [F. d['e]partement, fr.
     d['e]partir. See Depart, v. i.]
     1. Act of departing; departure. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
              Sudden departments from one extreme to another.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. A part, portion, or subdivision.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. A distinct course of life, action, study, or the like;
        appointed sphere or walk; province.
        [1913 Webster]
              Superior to Pope in Pope's own peculiar department
              of literature.                        --Macaulay.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. Subdivision of business or official duty; especially, one
        of the principal divisions of executive government; as,
        the treasury department; the war department; also, in a
        university, one of the divisions of instruction; as, the
        medical department; the department of physics.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. A territorial division; a district; esp., in France, one
        of the districts composed of several arrondissements into
        which the country is divided for governmental purposes;
        as, the Department of the Loire.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. A military subdivision of a country; as, the Department of
        the Potomac.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a specialized division of a large organization; "you'll
           find it in the hardware department"; "she got a job in the
           historical section of the Treasury" [syn: department,
      2: the territorial and administrative division of some countries
         (such as France)
      3: a specialized sphere of knowledge; "baking is not my
         department"; "his work established a new department of

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  83 Moby Thesaurus words for "department":
     airspace, ambit, area, arena, bailiwick, beat, belt, border,
     borderland, branch, bureau, circle, circuit, commissariat, concern,
     confines, constablery, constablewick, constabulary,
     continental shelf, control, corridor, country, demesne, discipline,
     district, division, domain, dominion, environs, field, ground,
     heartland, hemisphere, hinterland, judicial circuit, jurisdiction,
     land, march, milieu, ministry, municipality, neighborhood, office,
     offshore rights, orb, orbit, pale, part, parts, place, precinct,
     precincts, premises, province, purlieus, quarter, realm, region,
     responsibility, round, salient, secretariat, section, segment,
     sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shrievalty, soil, space, sphere,
     subdiscipline, subdivision, terrain, territory, three-mile limit,
     twelve-mile limit, unit, vicinage, vicinity, walk, worry, zone

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  DEPARTMENT. A portion of a country. In France, the country is divided into 
  departments, which are somewhat similar to the counties in this country. The 
  United States have been divided into military departments, including certain 
  portions of the country. 1 Pet. 293. 
       2. By department is also meant the division of authority, as, the 
  department of state, of the navy, &c. 

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