dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information


6 definitions found
 for Conium maculatum
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hemlock \Hem"lock\, n. [OE. hemeluc, humloc, AS. hemlic,
     hymlic.]
     1. (Bot.) The name of several poisonous umbelliferous herbs
        having finely cut leaves and small white flowers, as the
        Cicuta maculata, Cicuta bulbifera, and Cicuta
        virosa, and the Conium maculatum. See Conium.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The potion of hemlock administered to Socrates is by
           some thought to have been a decoction of Cicuta
           virosa, or water hemlock, by others, of Conium
           maculatum.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Bot.) An evergreen tree common in North America ({Abies
        Canadensis or Tsuga Canadensis); hemlock spruce.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The murmuring pines and the hemlocks. --Longfellow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The wood or timber of the hemlock tree.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Ground hemlock, or Dwarf hemlock. See under Ground.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Poison \Poi"son\, n. [F. poison, in Old French also, a potion,
     fr. L. potio a drink, draught, potion, a poisonous draught,
     fr. potare to drink. See Potable, and cf. Potion.]
     1. Any agent which, when introduced into the animal organism,
        is capable of producing a morbid, noxious, or deadly
        effect upon it; as, morphine is a deadly poison; the
        poison of pestilential diseases.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. That which taints or destroys moral purity or health; as,
        the poison of evil example; the poison of sin.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Poison ash. (Bot.)
        Amyris+({Amyris+balsamifera">(a) A tree of the genus Amyris ({Amyris balsamifera)
            found in the West Indies, from the trunk of which a
            black liquor distills, supposed to have poisonous
            qualities.
        (b) The poison sumac ({Rhus venenata). [U. S.]
  
     Poison dogwood (Bot.), poison sumac.
  
     Poison fang (Zool.), one of the superior maxillary teeth of
        some species of serpents, which, besides having the cavity
        for the pulp, is either perforated or grooved by a
        longitudinal canal, at the lower end of which the duct of
        the poison gland terminates. See Illust. under Fang.
  
     Poison gland (Biol.), a gland, in animals or plants, which
        secretes an acrid or venomous matter, that is conveyed
        along an organ capable of inflicting a wound.
  
     Poison hemlock (Bot.), a poisonous umbelliferous plant
        ({Conium maculatum). See Hemlock.
  
     Poison ivy (Bot.), a poisonous climbing plant (formerly
        Rhus Toxicodendron, or Rhus radicans, now classified
        as Toxicodendron radicans) of North America. It is
        common as a climbing vine, especially found on tree
        trunks, or walls, or as a low, spreading vine or as a
        shrub. As a low vine it grows well in lightly shaded
        areas, recognizable by growing in clusters of three
        leaves. Its leaves are trifoliate, rhombic-ovate, and
        variously notched. Its form varies slightly from location
        to location, leading to some speculation that it may
        consist of more than one species. Many people are poisoned
        by it, though some appear resistant to its effects.
        Touching the leaves may leave a residue of an oil on the
        skin, and if not washed off quickly, sensitive areas of
        skin become reddened and develop multiple small blisters,
        lasting for several days to several weeks, and causing a
        persistent itch. The toxic reaction is due to an oil,
        present in all parts of the plant except the pollen,
        called urushiol, the active component of which is the
        compound pentadecylacatechol (according to [a
  
        href="http:]/www.jaxmed.com/articles/Diseases/poison_ivy_dermatitis.htm">Charles
        H. Booras). See Poison sumac. It is related to poison
        oak, and is also called mercury.
  
     Poison nut. (Bot.)
        (a) Nux vomica.
        (b) The tree which yields this seed ({Strychnos
            Nuxvomica). It is found on the Malabar and Coromandel
            coasts.
  
     Poison oak (Bot.), a dermatitis-producing plant often
        lumped together with the poison ivy ({Toxicodendron
        radicans) in common terminology, but more properly
        distinguished as the more shrubby Toxicodendron
        quercifolium (syn. Toxicodendron diversilobum), common
        in California and Oregon. Opinion varies as to whether the
        poison oak and poison ivy are only variants of a single
        species. See poison ivy, above.
  
     Poison sac. (Zool.) Same as Poison gland, above. See
        Illust. under Fang.
  
     Poison sumac (Bot.), a poisonous shrub formerly considered
        Rhus+({Rhus+venenata">to be of the genus Rhus ({Rhus venenata), but now
        classified as Toxicodendron vernix; -- also called
        poison ash, poison dogwood, and poison elder. It has
        pinnate leaves on graceful and slender common petioles,
        and usually grows in swampy places. Both this plant and
        the poison ivy ({Toxicodendron radicans, formerly Rhus
        Toxicodendron) have clusters of smooth greenish white
        berries, while the red-fruited species of this genus are
        harmless. The tree ({Rhus vernicifera) which yields the
        celebrated Japan lacquer is almost identical with the
        poison sumac, and is also very poisonous. The juice of the
        poison sumac also forms a lacquer similar to that of
        Japan.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     Syn: Venom; virus; bane; pest; malignity.
  
     Usage: Poison, Venom. Poison usually denotes something
            received into the system by the mouth, breath, etc.
            Venom is something discharged from animals and
            received by means of a wound, as by the bite or sting
            of serpents, scorpions, etc. Hence, venom specifically
            implies some malignity of nature or purpose.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Conhydrine \Con*hy"drine\ (? or ?), n. [Conium + hydrate.]
     (Chem.)
     A vegetable alkaloid found with conine in the poison hemlock
     ({Conium maculatum). It is a white crystalline substance,
     C8H17NO, easily convertible into conine.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Conium \Co*ni"um\ (? or ?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? hemlock.]
     1. (Bot.) A genus of biennial, poisonous, white-flowered,
        umbelliferous plants, bearing ribbed fruit ("seeds") and
        decompound leaves.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Med.) The common hemlock ({Conium maculatum, poison
        hemlock, spotted hemlock, poison parsley), a roadside weed
        of Europe, Asia, and America, cultivated in the United
        States for medicinal purpose. It is an active poison. The
        leaves and fruit are used in medicine.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Conine \Co"nine\ (? or ?), n. [From Conium.] (Chem.)
     A powerful and very poisonous vegetable alkaloid found in the
     hemlock ({Conium maculatum) and extracted as a colorless
     oil, C8H17N, of strong repulsive odor and acrid taste. It
     is regarded as a derivative of piperidine and likewise of one
     of the collidines. It occasions a gradual paralysis of the
     motor nerves. Called also coniine, coneine, conia, etc.
     See Conium, 2.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Conium maculatum
      n 1: large branching biennial herb native to Eurasia and Africa
           and adventive in North America having large fernlike leaves
           and white flowers; usually found in damp habitats; all
           parts extremely poisonous [syn: hemlock, poison
           hemlock, poison parsley, California fern, Nebraska
           fern, winter fern, Conium maculatum]

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229