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5 definitions found
 for Columba livia
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Homing \Hom"ing\ (h[=o]m"[i^]ng), p. a.
     Home-returning; -- used specifically of carrier pigeons.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Homing pigeon, any pigeon trained to return home from a
        distance. Also called carrier pigeon. Most are bred from
        the domestic pigeon Columba livia. Homing pigeons are
        used for sending back messages or for flying races. By
        carrying the birds away and releasing them at gradually
        increasing distances from home, they may be trained to
        return with more or less certainty and promptness from
        distances up to four or five hundred miles. The birds
        typically do not stop on their way home, and may average
        as much as 60 miles per hour on their return trip. If the
        distance is increased much beyond 400 miles, the birds are
        unable to cover it without stopping for a prolonged rest,
        and their return becomes doubtful. The record for returnig
        from a distance is close to 1,200 miles. Homing pigeons
        are not bred for fancy points or special colors, but for
        strength, speed, endurance, and intelligence or homing
        instinct. Although used since ancient times, homing
        pigeons have been largely displaced for practical purposes
        by radio and electronic communications, but they are still
        used in some special situations at the end of the 20th
        century. They were used in military operations as recently
        as in World War II.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] hominian

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pigeon \Pi"geon\, n. [F., fr. L. pipio a young pipping or
     chirping bird, fr. pipire to peep, chirp. Cf. Peep to
     chirp.]
     1. (Zool.) Any bird of the order Columb[ae], of which
        numerous species occur in nearly all parts of the world.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The common domestic pigeon, or dove, was derived from
           the Old World rock pigeon or rock dove ({Columba
           livia), common in cities. It has given rise to
           numerous very remarkable varieties, such as the
           carrier, fantail, nun, pouter, tumbler, etc. The common
           wild pigeon of the Eastern United States is the
           Mourning+dove+({Zenaida+macroura">Mourning dove ({Zenaida macroura, called also
           Carolina dove). Before the 19th century, the most
           common pigeon was the passenger pigeon, but that
           species is now extinct. See Passenger pigeon, and
           Carolina dove under Dove. See, also, Fruit
           pigeon, Ground pigeon, Queen pigeon, Stock
           pigeon, under Fruit, Ground, etc.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     2. An unsuspected victim of sharpers; a gull. [Slang]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Blue pigeon (Zool.), an Australian passerine bird
        ({Graucalus melanops); -- called also black-faced crow.
        
  
     Green pigeon (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World pigeons belonging to the family Treronid[ae].
  
     Imperial pigeon (Zool.), any one of the large Asiatic fruit
        pigeons of the genus Carpophada.
  
     Pigeon berry (Bot.), the purplish black fruit of the
        pokeweed; also, the plant itself. See Pokeweed.
  
     Pigeon English [perhaps a corruption of business English],
        an extraordinary and grotesque dialect, employed in the
        commercial cities of China, as the medium of communication
        between foreign merchants and the Chinese. Its base is
        English, with a mixture of Portuguese and Hindustani.
        --Johnson's Cyc.
  
     Pigeon grass (Bot.), a kind of foxtail grass ({Setaria
        glauca), of some value as fodder. The seeds are eagerly
        eaten by pigeons and other birds.
  
     Pigeon hawk. (Zool.)
        (a) A small American falcon ({Falco columbarius). The
            adult male is dark slate-blue above, streaked with
            black on the back; beneath, whitish or buff, streaked
            with brown. The tail is banded.
        (b) The American sharp-shinned hawk ({Accipiter velox or
            Accipiter fuscus).
  
     Pigeon hole.
        (a) A hole for pigeons to enter a pigeon house.
        (b) See Pigeonhole.
        (c) pl. An old English game, in which balls were rolled
            through little arches. --Halliwell.
  
     Pigeon house, a dovecote.
  
     Pigeon pea (Bot.), the seed of Cajanus Indicus; a kind of
        pulse used for food in the East and West Indies; also, the
        plant itself.
  
     Pigeon plum (Bot.), the edible drupes of two West African
        Chrysobalanus+({Chrysobalanus+ellipticus">species of Chrysobalanus ({Chrysobalanus ellipticus and
        Chrysobalanus luteus).
  
     Pigeon tremex. (Zool.) See under Tremex.
  
     Pigeon wood (Bot.), a name in the West Indies for the wood
        of several very different kinds of trees, species of
        Dipholis, Diospyros, and Coccoloba.
  
     Pigeon woodpecker (Zool.), the flicker.
  
     Prairie pigeon. (Zool.)
        (a) The upland plover.
        (b) The golden plover. [Local, U.S.]
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Rock \Rock\, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc'h, and AS.
     rocc.]
     1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed
        stone or crag. See Stone.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Come one, come all! this rock shall fly
              From its firm base as soon as I.      --Sir W.
                                                    Scott.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Geol.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's
        crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth,
        clay, etc., when in natural beds.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a
        support; a refuge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The Lord is my rock, and my fortress. --2 Sam. xxii.
                                                    2.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling
        the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Zool.) The striped bass. See under Bass.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: This word is frequently used in the formation of
           self-explaining compounds; as, rock-bound, rock-built,
           rock-ribbed, rock-roofed, and the like.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Rock alum. [Probably so called by confusion with F. roche a
        rock.] Same as Roche alum.
  
     Rock+barnacle+(Zool.),+a+barnacle+({Balanus+balanoides">Rock barnacle (Zool.), a barnacle ({Balanus balanoides)
        very abundant on rocks washed by tides.
  
     Rock bass. (Zool.)
        (a) The stripped bass. See under Bass.
        (b) The goggle-eye.
        (c) The cabrilla. Other species are also locally called
            rock bass.
  
     Rock builder (Zool.), any species of animal whose remains
        contribute to the formation of rocks, especially the
        corals and Foraminifera.
  
     Rock butter (Min.), native alum mixed with clay and oxide
        of iron, usually in soft masses of a yellowish white
        color, occuring in cavities and fissures in argillaceous
        slate.
  
     Rock candy, a form of candy consisting of crystals of pure
        sugar which are very hard, whence the name.
  
     Rock cavy. (Zool.) See Moco.
  
     Rock cod (Zool.)
        (a) A small, often reddish or brown, variety of the cod
            found about rocks andledges.
        (b) A California rockfish.
  
     Rock cook. (Zool.)
        (a) A European wrasse ({Centrolabrus exoletus).
        (b) A rockling.
  
     Rock cork (Min.), a variety of asbestus the fibers of which
        are loosely interlaced. It resembles cork in its texture.
        
  
     Rock crab (Zool.), any one of several species of large
        crabs of the genus C, as the two species of the New
        England coast ({Cancer irroratus and Cancer borealis).
        See Illust. under Cancer.
  
     Rock cress (Bot.), a name of several plants of the cress
        kind found on rocks, as Arabis petraea, Arabis lyrata,
        etc.
  
     Rock crystal (Min.), limpid quartz. See Quartz, and under
        Crystal.
  
     Rock dove (Zool.), the rock pigeon; -- called also rock
        doo.
  
     Rock drill, an implement for drilling holes in rock; esp.,
        a machine impelled by steam or compressed air, for
        drilling holes for blasting, etc.
  
     Rock duck (Zool.), the harlequin duck.
  
     Rock eel. (Zool.) See Gunnel.
  
     Rock goat (Zool.), a wild goat, or ibex.
  
     Rock hopper (Zool.), a penguin of the genus Catarractes.
        See under Penguin.
  
     Rock kangaroo. (Zool.) See Kangaroo, and Petrogale.
  
     Rock lobster (Zool.), any one of several species of large
        spinose lobsters of the genera Panulirus and
        Palinurus. They have no large claws. Called also spiny
        lobster, and sea crayfish.
  
     Rock meal (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite
        occuring as an efflorescence.
  
     Rock milk. (Min.) See Agaric mineral, under Agaric.
  
     Rock moss, a kind of lichen; the cudbear. See Cudbear.
  
     Rock oil. See Petroleum.
  
     Rock parrakeet (Zool.), a small Australian parrakeet
        ({Euphema petrophila), which nests in holes among the
        rocks of high cliffs. Its general color is yellowish olive
        green; a frontal band and the outer edge of the wing
        quills are deep blue, and the central tail feathers bluish
        green.
  
     Rock+pigeon+(Zool.),+the+wild+pigeon+({Columba+livia">Rock pigeon (Zool.), the wild pigeon ({Columba livia) Of
        Europe and Asia, from which the domestic pigeon was
        derived. See Illust. under Pigeon.
  
     Rock pipit. (Zool.) See the Note under Pipit.
  
     Rock plover. (Zool.)
        (a) The black-bellied, or whistling, plover.
        (b) The rock snipe.
  
     Rock ptarmigan (Zool.), an arctic American ptarmigan
        ({Lagopus rupestris), which in winter is white, with the
        tail and lores black. In summer the males are grayish
        brown, coarsely vermiculated with black, and have black
        patches on the back.
  
     Rock rabbit (Zool.), the hyrax. See Cony, and Daman.
  
     Rock ruby (Min.), a fine reddish variety of garnet.
  
     Rock salt (Min.), cloride of sodium (common salt) occuring
        in rocklike masses in mines; mineral salt; salt dug from
        the earth. In the United States this name is sometimes
        given to salt in large crystals, formed by evaporation
        from sea water in large basins or cavities.
  
     Rock seal (Zool.), the harbor seal. See Seal.
  
     Rock shell (Zool.), any species of Murex, Purpura, and
        allied genera.
  
     Rock snake (Zool.), any one of several large pythons; as,
        rock+snake+({Python+regia">the royal rock snake ({Python regia) of Africa, and the
        rock+snake+of+India+({Python+molurus">rock snake of India ({Python molurus). The Australian
        rock snakes mostly belong to the allied genus Morelia.
        
  
     Rock snipe (Zool.), the purple sandpiper ({Tringa
        maritima); -- called also rock bird, rock plover,
        winter snipe.
  
     Rock soap (Min.), a kind of clay having a smooth, greasy
        feel, and adhering to the tongue.
  
     Rock sparrow. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of several species of Old World sparrows of
            the genus Petronia, as Petronia stulla, of Europe.
        (b) A North American sparrow ({Pucaea ruficeps).
  
     Rock tar, petroleum.
  
     Rock thrush (Zool.), any Old World thrush of the genus
        Monticola, or Petrocossyphus; as, the European rock
        thrush ({Monticola saxatilis), and the blue rock thrush
        of India ({Monticola cyaneus), in which the male is blue
        throughout.
  
     Rock tripe (Bot.), a kind of lichen ({Umbilicaria
        Dillenii) growing on rocks in the northen parts of
        America, and forming broad, flat, coriaceous, dark fuscous
        or blackish expansions. It has been used as food in cases
        of extremity.
  
     Rock trout (Zool.), any one of several species of marine
        food fishes of the genus Hexagrammus, family Chiradae,
        native of the North Pacific coasts; -- called also sea
        trout, boregat, bodieron, and starling.
  
     Rock warbler (Zool.), a small Australian singing bird
        ({Origma rubricata) which frequents rocky ravines and
        water courses; -- called also cataract bird.
  
     Rock wren (Zool.), any one of several species of wrens of
        the genus Salpinctes, native of the arid plains of Lower
        California and Mexico.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Dove \Dove\ (d[u^]v), n. [OE. dove, duve, douve, AS. d[=u]fe;
     akin to OS. d[=u]ba, D. duif, OHG. t[=u]ba, G. taube, Icel.
     d[=u]fa, Sw. dufva, Dan. due, Goth. d[=u]b[=o]; perh. from
     the root of E. dive.]
     1. (Zool.) A pigeon of the genus Columba and various
        related genera. The species are numerous.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The domestic dove, including the varieties called
           fantails, tumblers, carrier pigeons, etc., was
           rock+pigeon+({Columba+livia">derived from the rock pigeon ({Columba livia) of
           Europe and Asia; the turtledove of Europe, celebrated
           for its sweet, plaintive note, is Columba turtur or
           Turtur vulgaris; the ringdove, the largest of
           European species, is Columba palumbus; the Carolina
           dove, or Mourning dove, is Zenaidura macroura; the
           sea+dove+is+the+little+auk+({Mergulus+alle">sea dove is the little auk ({Mergulus alle or Alle
           alle). See Turtledove, Ground dove, and Rock
           pigeon. The dove is a symbol of peace, innocence,
           gentleness, and affection; also, in art and in the
           Scriptures, the typical symbol of the Holy Ghost.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A word of endearment for one regarded as pure and gentle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              O my dove, . . . let me hear thy voice. --Cant. ii.
                                                    14.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. a person advocating peace, compromise or conciliation
        rather than war or conflict. Opposite of hawk.
        [PJC]
  
     Dove+tick+(Zool.),+a+mite+({Argas+reflexus">Dove tick (Zool.), a mite ({Argas reflexus) which infests
        doves and other birds.
  
     Soiled dove, a prostitute. [Slang] Dovecot

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Columba livia
      n 1: pale grey Eurasian pigeon having black-striped wings from
           which most domestic species are descended [syn: rock
           dove, rock pigeon, Columba livia]

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