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3 definitions found
 for Civil engineering
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Engineering \En`gi*neer"ing\, n.
     Originally, the art of managing engines; in its modern and
     extended sense, the art and science by which the properties
     of matter are made useful to man, whether in structures,
     machines, chemical substances, or living organisms; the
     occupation and work of an engineer. In the modern sense, the
     application of mathematics or systematic knowledge beyond the
     routine skills of practise, for the design of any complex
     system which performs useful functions, may be considered as
     engineering, including such abstract tasks as designing
     software ({software engineering).
     [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     Note: In a comprehensive sense, engineering includes
           architecture as a mechanical art, in distinction from
           architecture as a fine art. It was formerly divided
           into military engineering, which is the art of
           designing and constructing offensive and defensive
           works, and civil engineering, in a broad sense, as
           relating to other kinds of public works, machinery,
           etc.
  
     Civil engineering, in modern usage, is strictly the art of
        planning, laying out, and constructing fixed public works,
        such as railroads, highways, canals, aqueducts, water
        works, bridges, lighthouses, docks, embankments,
        breakwaters, dams, tunnels, etc.
  
     Mechanical engineering relates to machinery, such as steam
        engines, machine tools, mill work, etc.
  
     Mining engineering deals with the excavation and working of
        mines, and the extraction of metals from their ores, etc.
        Engineering is further divided into steam engineering, gas
        engineering, agricultural engineering, topographical
        engineering, electrical engineering, etc.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Civil \Civ"il\, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil.
     See City.]
     1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his
        relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within
        the city or state.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not
        barbarous; -- said of the community.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but
              even the other day since England grew civil.
                                                    --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to
        government; -- said of an individual.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others;
              they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed
        to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous;
        complaisant; affable.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: "A civil man now is one observant of slight external
           courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and
           man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the
           duties and obligations flowing from his position as a
           'civis' and his relations to the other members of that
           'civitas.'" --Trench
           [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from
        military, ecclesiastical, or official state.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit
        distinct from criminal proceedings.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Civil action, an action to enforce the rights or redress
        the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal
        proceeding.
  
     Civil architecture, the architecture which is employed in
        constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in
        distinction from military and naval architecture, as
        private houses, palaces, churches, etc.
  
     Civil death. (Law.) See under Death.
  
     Civil engineering. See under Engineering.
  
     Civil law. See under Law.
  
     Civil list. See under List.
  
     Civil remedy (Law), that given to a person injured, by
        action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.
  
     Civil service, all service rendered to and paid for by the
        state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or
        military affairs.
  
     Civil service reform, the substitution of business
        principles and methods for the spoils system in the
        conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of
        appointments to office.
  
     Civil state, the whole body of the laity or citizens not
        included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical
        states.
  
     Civil suit. Same as Civil action.
  
     Civil war. See under War.
  
     Civil year. See under Year.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  civil engineering
      n 1: the branch of engineering concerned with the design and
           construction of such public works as dams or bridges

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