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 for Bench plane
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Bench \Bench\, n.; pl. Benches. [OE. bench, benk, AS. benc;
     akin to Sw. b[aum]nk, Dan b[ae]nk, Icel. bekkr, OS., D., & G.
     bank. Cf. Bank, Beach.]
     1. A long seat, differing from a stool in its greater length.
        [1913 Webster]
              Mossy benches supplied the place of chairs. --Sir W.
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     2. A long table at which mechanics and other work; as, a
        carpenter's bench.
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     3. The seat where judges sit in court.
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              To pluck down justice from your awful bench. --Shak.
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     4. The persons who sit as judges; the court; as, the opinion
        of the full bench. See King's Bench.
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     5. A collection or group of dogs exhibited to the public; --
        so named because the animals are usually placed on benches
        or raised platforms.
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     6. A conformation like a bench; a long stretch of flat
        ground, or a kind of natural terrace, near a lake or
        [1913 Webster]
     Bench mark (Leveling), one of a number of marks along a
        line of survey, affixed to permanent objects, to show
        where leveling staffs were placed. See bench mark in the
     Bench of bishops, the whole body of English prelates
        assembled in council.
     Bench plane, any plane used by carpenters and joiners for
        working a flat surface, as jack planes, long planes.
     Bench show, an exhibition of dogs.
     Bench table (Arch.), a projecting course at the base of a
        building, or round a pillar, sufficient to form a seat.
        [1913 Webster]

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