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3 definitions found
 for Artificial person
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Person \Per"son\ (p[~e]r"s'n; 277), n. [OE. persone, persoun,
     person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne, L. persona a mask
     (used by actors), a personage, part, a person, fr. personare
     to sound through; per + sonare to sound. See Per-, and cf.
     1. A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or
        manifestation of individual character, whether in real
        life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an
        assumed character. [Archaic]
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              His first appearance upon the stage in his new
              person of a sycophant or juggler.     --Bacon.
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              No man can long put on a person and act a part.
                                                    --Jer. Taylor.
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              To bear rule, which was thy part
              And person, hadst thou known thyself aright.
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              How different is the same man from himself, as he
              sustains the person of a magistrate and that of a
              friend!                               --South.
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     2. The bodily form of a human being; body; outward
        appearance; as, of comely person.
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              A fair persone, and strong, and young of age.
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              If it assume my noble father's person. --Shak.
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              Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shined.
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     3. A living, self-conscious being, as distinct from an animal
        or a thing; a moral agent; a human being; a man, woman, or
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              Consider what person stands for; which, I think, is
              a thinking, intelligent being, that has reason and
              reflection.                           --Locke.
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     4. A human being spoken of indefinitely; one; a man; as, any
        person present.
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     5. A parson; the parish priest. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
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     6. (Theol.) Among Trinitarians, one of the three subdivisions
        of the Godhead (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost);
        an hypostasis. "Three persons and one God." --Bk. of Com.
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     7. (Gram.) One of three relations or conditions (that of
        speaking, that of being spoken to, and that of being
        spoken of) pertaining to a noun or a pronoun, and thence
        also to the verb of which it may be the subject.
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     Note: A noun or pronoun, when representing the speaker, is
           said to be in the first person; when representing what
           is spoken to, in the second person; when representing
           what is spoken of, in the third person.
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     8. (Biol.) A shoot or bud of a plant; a polyp or zooid of the
        compound Hydrozoa, Anthozoa, etc.; also, an individual, in
        the narrowest sense, among the higher animals. --Haeckel.
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              True corms, composed of united person[ae] . . .
              usually arise by gemmation, . . . yet in sponges and
              corals occasionally by fusion of several originally
              distinct persons.                     --Encyc. Brit.
        [1913 Webster]
     Artificial person, or Fictitious person (Law), a
        corporation or body politic; -- this term is used in
        contrast with natural person, a real human being. See
        also legal person. --Blackstone.
     Legal person (Law), an individual or group that is allowed
        by law to take legal action, as plaintiff or defendent. It
        may include natural persons as well as fictitious persons
        (such as corporations).
     Natural person (Law), a man, woman, or child, in
        distinction from a corporation.
     In person, by one's self; with bodily presence, rather than
        by remote communication; not by representative. "The king
        himself in person is set forth." --Shak.
     In the person of, in the place of; acting for. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Artificial \Ar`ti*fi"cial\, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium:
     cf. F. artificiel. See Artifice.]
     1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human
        skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial
        heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.
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              Artificial strife
              Lives in these touches, livelier than life. --Shak.
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     2. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.
        "Artificial tears." --Shak.
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     3. Artful; cunning; crafty. [Obs.] --Shak.
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     4. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as,
        artificial grasses. --Gibbon.
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     Artificial arguments (Rhet.), arguments invented by the
        speaker, in distinction from laws, authorities, and the
        like, which are called inartificial arguments or proofs.
     Artificial classification (Science), an arrangement based
        on superficial characters, and not expressing the true
        natural relations species; as, "the artificial system" in
        botany, which is the same as the Linn[ae]an system.
     Artificial horizon. See under Horizon.
     Artificial light, any light other than that which proceeds
        from the heavenly bodies.
     Artificial lines, lines on a sector or scale, so contrived
        as to represent the logarithmic sines and tangents, which,
        by the help of the line of numbers, solve, with tolerable
        exactness, questions in trigonometry, navigation, etc.
     Artificial numbers, logarithms.
     Artificial person (Law). See under Person.
     Artificial sines, tangents, etc., the same as logarithms
        of the natural sines, tangents, etc. --Hutton.
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From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  ARTIFICIAL PERSON. In a figurative sense, a body of men or company are
  sometimes called an artificial person, because the law associates them as
  one, and gives them various powers possessed by natural persons.
  Corporations are such artificial persons. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 177.

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