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4 definitions found
 for Arithmetic
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Mathematics \Math`e*mat"ics\, n. [F. math['e]matiques, pl., L.
     mathematica, sing., Gr. ? (sc. ?) science. See Mathematic,
     and -ics.]
     That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact
     relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of
     the methods by which, in accordance with these relations,
     quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known
     or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative
     [1913 Webster]
     Note: Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1.
           Arithmetic. 2. Geometry, including Trigonometry
           and Conic Sections. 3. Analysis, in which letters
           are used, including Algebra, Analytical Geometry,
           and Calculus. Each of these divisions is divided into
           pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity
           abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or
           applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in
           material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with
           physical considerations.
           [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Arithmetic \A*rith"me*tic\, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique,
     L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ?
     to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the
     idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See
     Arm. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to
     the Greek.]
     1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. A book containing the principles of this science.
        [1913 Webster]
     Arithmetic of sines, trigonometry.
     Political arithmetic, the application of the science of
        numbers to problems in civil government, political
        economy, and social science.
     Universal arithmetic, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      adj 1: relating to or involving arithmetic; "arithmetical
             computations" [syn: arithmetical, arithmetic]
      n 1: the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of
           numerical calculations

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  65 Moby Thesaurus words for "arithmetic":
     Boolean algebra, Euclidean geometry, Fourier analysis,
     Lagrangian function, algebra, algebraic geometry, analysis,
     analytic geometry, associative algebra, binary arithmetic,
     calculation, calculus, ciphering, circle geometry,
     descriptive geometry, differential calculus, division algebra,
     equivalent algebras, estimation, figuring, game theory, geodesy,
     geometry, graphic algebra, group theory, higher algebra,
     higher arithmetic, hyperbolic geometry, infinitesimal calculus,
     integral calculus, intuitional geometry, invariant subalgebra,
     inverse geometry, line geometry, linear algebra,
     mathematical physics, matrix algebra, metageometry,
     modular arithmetic, n-tuple linear algebra, natural geometry,
     nilpotent algebra, number theory, plane trigonometry,
     political arithmetic, projective geometry, proper subalgebra,
     quaternian algebra, reckoning, reducible algebra, set theory,
     simple algebra, solid geometry, speculative geometry,
     spherical trigonometry, statistics, subalgebra, systems analysis,
     topology, trig, trigonometry, universal algebra,
     universal geometry, vector algebra, zero algebra

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