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1 definition found
 for Absolute terms
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf.
     F. absolu. See Absolve.]
     1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled;
        unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority,
        monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command;
        absolute power; an absolute monarch.
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     2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
        absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
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              So absolute she seems,
              And in herself complete.              --Milton.
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     3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
        comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to
        relative and comparative; as, absolute motion;
        absolute time or space.
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     Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man
           in a state of nature as contradistinguished from
           relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him
           in his social relations.
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     4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
        being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
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     Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
           The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the
           universe, or the total of all existence, as only
           capable of relations in its parts to each other and to
           the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its
           phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their
           laws.
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     5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
        unconditioned; non-relative.
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     Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
           this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
           abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined,
           can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
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                 To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word
                 and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute.
                                                    --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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     6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
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              I am absolute 't was very Cloten.     --Shak.
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     7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
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              The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
              With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. --Mrs.
                                                    Browning.
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     8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
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     9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
        the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
        Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
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     Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
        double curvature, which is measured in the osculating
        plane of the curve.
  
     Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the optic and
        eccentric equations.
  
     Absolute space (Physics), space considered without relation
        to material limits or objects.
  
     Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not
        contain the unknown quantity. --Davies & Peck.
  
     Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured
        on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic
        principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.
  
     Absolute zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in
        the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to
        -273[deg] centigrade or -459.4[deg] Fahrenheit.
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     Syn: Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited;
          unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic;
          autocratic.
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