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2 definitions found
 for Absolute equation
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf.
     F. absolu. See Absolve.]
     1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled;
        unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority,
        monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command;
        absolute power; an absolute monarch.
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     2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
        absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
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              So absolute she seems,
              And in herself complete.              --Milton.
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     3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
        comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to
        relative and comparative; as, absolute motion;
        absolute time or space.
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     Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man
           in a state of nature as contradistinguished from
           relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him
           in his social relations.
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     4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
        being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
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     Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
           The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the
           universe, or the total of all existence, as only
           capable of relations in its parts to each other and to
           the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its
           phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their
           laws.
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     5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
        unconditioned; non-relative.
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     Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
           this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
           abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined,
           can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
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                 To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word
                 and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute.
                                                    --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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     6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
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              I am absolute 't was very Cloten.     --Shak.
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     7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
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              The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
              With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. --Mrs.
                                                    Browning.
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     8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
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     9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
        the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
        Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
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     Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
        double curvature, which is measured in the osculating
        plane of the curve.
  
     Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the optic and
        eccentric equations.
  
     Absolute space (Physics), space considered without relation
        to material limits or objects.
  
     Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not
        contain the unknown quantity. --Davies & Peck.
  
     Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured
        on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic
        principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.
  
     Absolute zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in
        the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to
        -273[deg] centigrade or -459.4[deg] Fahrenheit.
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     Syn: Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited;
          unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic;
          autocratic.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Equation \E*qua"tion\, n. [L. aequatio an equalizing: cf. F.
     ['e]quation equation. See Equate.]
     1. A making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium.
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              Again the golden day resumed its right,
              And ruled in just equation with the night. --Rowe.
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     2. (Math.) An expression of the condition of equality between
        two algebraic quantities or sets of quantities, the sign =
        being placed between them; as, a binomial equation; a
        quadratic equation; an algebraic equation; a
        transcendental equation; an exponential equation; a
        logarithmic equation; a differential equation, etc.
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     3. (Astron.) A quantity to be applied in computing the mean
        place or other element of a celestial body; that is, any
        one of the several quantities to be added to, or taken
        from, its position as calculated on the hypothesis of a
        mean uniform motion, in order to find its true position as
        resulting from its actual and unequal motion.
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     Absolute equation. See under Absolute.
  
     Equation box, or Equational box, a system of differential
        gearing used in spinning machines for regulating the twist
        of the yarn. It resembles gearing used in equation clocks
        for showing apparent time.
  
     Equation of the center (Astron.), the difference between
        the place of a planet as supposed to move uniformly in a
        circle, and its place as moving in an ellipse.
  
     Equations of condition (Math.), equations formed for
        deducing the true values of certain quantities from others
        on which they depend, when different sets of the latter,
        as given by observation, would yield different values of
        the quantities sought, and the number of equations that
        may be found is greater than the number of unknown
        quantities.
  
     Equation of a curve (Math.), an equation which expresses
        the relation between the co["o]rdinates of every point in
        the curve.
  
     Equation of equinoxes (Astron.), the difference between the
        mean and apparent places of the equinox.
  
     Equation of payments (Arith.), the process of finding the
        mean time of payment of several sums due at different
        times.
  
     Equation of time (Astron.), the difference between mean and
        apparent time, or between the time of day indicated by the
        sun, and that by a perfect clock going uniformly all the
        year round.
  
     Equation clock or Equation watch, a timepiece made to
        exhibit the differences between mean solar and apparent
        solar time. --Knight.
  
     Normal equation. See under Normal.
  
     Personal equation (Astron.), the difference between an
        observed result and the true qualities or peculiarities in
        the observer; particularly the difference, in an average
        of a large number of observation, between the instant when
        an observer notes a phenomenon, as the transit of a star,
        and the assumed instant of its actual occurrence; or,
        relatively, the difference between these instants as noted
        by two observers. It is usually only a fraction of a
        second; -- sometimes applied loosely to differences of
        judgment or method occasioned by temperamental qualities
        of individuals.
  
     Theory of equations (Math.), the branch of algebra that
        treats of the properties of a single algebraic equation of
        any degree containing one unknown quantity.
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