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2 definitions found
 for Absolute curvature
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Curvature \Cur"va*ture\ (k?r"v?-t?r; 135), n. [L. curvatura. See
     Curvate.]
     1. The act of curving, or the state of being bent or curved;
        a curving or bending, normal or abnormal, as of a line or
        surface from a rectilinear direction; a bend; a curve.
        --Cowper.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The elegant curvature of their fronds. --Darwin.
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     2. (Math.) The amount of degree of bending of a mathematical
        curve, or the tendency at any point to depart from a
        tangent drawn to the curve at that point.
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     Aberrancy of curvature (Geom.), the deviation of a curve
        from a circular form.
  
     Absolute curvature. See under Absolute.
  
     Angle of curvature (Geom.), one that expresses the amount
        of curvature of a curve.
  
     Chord of curvature. See under Chord.
  
     Circle of curvature. See Osculating circle of a curve,
        under Circle.
  
     Curvature of the spine (Med.), an abnormal curving of the
        spine, especially in a lateral direction.
  
     Radius of curvature, the radius of the circle of curvature,
        or osculatory circle, at any point of a curve.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf.
     F. absolu. See Absolve.]
     1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled;
        unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority,
        monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command;
        absolute power; an absolute monarch.
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     2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
        absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
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              So absolute she seems,
              And in herself complete.              --Milton.
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     3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
        comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to
        relative and comparative; as, absolute motion;
        absolute time or space.
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     Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man
           in a state of nature as contradistinguished from
           relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him
           in his social relations.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
        being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
           The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the
           universe, or the total of all existence, as only
           capable of relations in its parts to each other and to
           the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its
           phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their
           laws.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
        unconditioned; non-relative.
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     Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
           this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
           abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined,
           can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word
                 and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute.
                                                    --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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     6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
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              I am absolute 't was very Cloten.     --Shak.
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     7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
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              The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
              With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. --Mrs.
                                                    Browning.
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     8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
        the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
        Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
        double curvature, which is measured in the osculating
        plane of the curve.
  
     Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the optic and
        eccentric equations.
  
     Absolute space (Physics), space considered without relation
        to material limits or objects.
  
     Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not
        contain the unknown quantity. --Davies & Peck.
  
     Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured
        on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic
        principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.
  
     Absolute zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in
        the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to
        -273[deg] centigrade or -459.4[deg] Fahrenheit.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited;
          unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic;
          autocratic.
          [1913 Webster]

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