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2 definitions found
 for Ablative absolute
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ablative \Ab"la*tive\, (Gram.)
     The ablative case.
     [1913 Webster]
     ablative absolute, a construction in Latin, in which a noun
        in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or
        implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case,
        both words forming a clause by themselves and being
        unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence;
        as, Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit, i. e.,
        Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  ablative absolute
      n 1: a constituent in Latin grammar; a noun and its modifier can
           function as a sentence modifier

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